Institut de Mécanique et d’Ingénierie de Bordeaux (I2M)
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/13598
Wed, 23 Sep 2020 19:05:21 GMT2020-09-23T19:05:21ZA numerical approach of two-phase non-Darcy flow in heterogeneous porous media
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/9982
A numerical approach of two-phase non-Darcy flow in heterogeneous porous media
ABBASIAN ARANI, Ali Akbar; AHMADI-SENICHAULT, Azita; LASSEUX, Didier
Significant inertial effects are observed for many applications such as flow in the near-wellbore region, in very permeable reservoirs or in packed-bed reactors. In these cases, the classical description of two-phase flow in porous media by the generalized Darcy's law is no longer valid. Due to the lack of a formalized theoretical model confirmed experimentally, our study is based on a generalized Darcy-Forchheimer approach for modelling two-phase incompressible inertial flow in porous media. Using a finite volume formulation, an IMPES (IMplicit for Pressures, Explicit for Saturations) scheme and a Fixed Point method for the treatment of non-linearities caused by inertia, a 3D numerical tool has been developed. For 1D flow in a homogeneous porous medium, comparison of saturation profiles obtained numerically at different times to those obtained semi-analytically using an “Inertial Buckley-Leverett model” allows a validation of the tool. The influence of inertial effects on the saturation profiles and therefore on the breakthrough curves for homogeneous media is analysed for different Reynolds numbers, thus emphasizing the necessity of taking into account this additional energy loss when necessary. For 1D heterogeneous configurations, a thorough analysis of the saturation fronts as well as the saturation jumps at the interface between two media of contrasted properties highlights the influence of inertial effects for different Reynolds and capillary numbers. In 2D heterogeneous configurations, saturation distributions are strongly affected by inertial effects. In particular, capillary trapping of the displaced fluid observed for the Darcy regime in certain regions can completely disappears when inertial effects become dominant.
Thu, 01 Jan 2009 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/99822009-01-01T00:00:00ZABBASIAN ARANI, Ali AkbarAHMADI-SENICHAULT, AzitaLASSEUX, DidierSignificant inertial effects are observed for many applications such as flow in the near-wellbore region, in very permeable reservoirs or in packed-bed reactors. In these cases, the classical description of two-phase flow in porous media by the generalized Darcy's law is no longer valid. Due to the lack of a formalized theoretical model confirmed experimentally, our study is based on a generalized Darcy-Forchheimer approach for modelling two-phase incompressible inertial flow in porous media. Using a finite volume formulation, an IMPES (IMplicit for Pressures, Explicit for Saturations) scheme and a Fixed Point method for the treatment of non-linearities caused by inertia, a 3D numerical tool has been developed. For 1D flow in a homogeneous porous medium, comparison of saturation profiles obtained numerically at different times to those obtained semi-analytically using an “Inertial Buckley-Leverett model” allows a validation of the tool. The influence of inertial effects on the saturation profiles and therefore on the breakthrough curves for homogeneous media is analysed for different Reynolds numbers, thus emphasizing the necessity of taking into account this additional energy loss when necessary. For 1D heterogeneous configurations, a thorough analysis of the saturation fronts as well as the saturation jumps at the interface between two media of contrasted properties highlights the influence of inertial effects for different Reynolds and capillary numbers. In 2D heterogeneous configurations, saturation distributions are strongly affected by inertial effects. In particular, capillary trapping of the displaced fluid observed for the Darcy regime in certain regions can completely disappears when inertial effects become dominant.Derivation of a macroscopic model for two-phase non-Darcy flow in homogeneous porous media using volume averaging
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/9981
Derivation of a macroscopic model for two-phase non-Darcy flow in homogeneous porous media using volume averaging
ABBASIAN ARANI, Ali Akbar; LASSEUX, Didier; AHMADI-SENICHAULT, Azita
The purpose of this work is to propose a derivation of a macroscopic model for a certain class of inertial two-phase, incompressible, Newtonian fluid flow through homogenous porous media. The starting point of the procedure is the pore-scale boundary value problem given by the continuity and Navier–Stokes equations in each phase β and γ along with boundary conditions at interfaces. The method of volume averaging is employed subjected to a series of constraints for the development to hold. These constraints are on the length- and time-scales, as well as, on some quantities involving capillary, Weber and Reynolds numbers that define the class of two-phase flow under consideration. The development also assumes that fluctuations of the curvature of the fluid–fluid interfaces are unimportant over the unit cell representing the porous medium. Under these circumstances, the resulting macroscopic momentum equation, for the -phase (=, ) relates the gradient of the phase-averaged pressure to the filtration or Darcy velocity in a coupled nonlinear form. All tensors appearing in the macroscopic equation can be determined from closure problems that are to be solved using a spatially periodic model of a porous medium. Some indications to compute these tensors are provided.
Thu, 01 Jan 2009 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/99812009-01-01T00:00:00ZABBASIAN ARANI, Ali AkbarLASSEUX, DidierAHMADI-SENICHAULT, AzitaThe purpose of this work is to propose a derivation of a macroscopic model for a certain class of inertial two-phase, incompressible, Newtonian fluid flow through homogenous porous media. The starting point of the procedure is the pore-scale boundary value problem given by the continuity and Navier–Stokes equations in each phase β and γ along with boundary conditions at interfaces. The method of volume averaging is employed subjected to a series of constraints for the development to hold. These constraints are on the length- and time-scales, as well as, on some quantities involving capillary, Weber and Reynolds numbers that define the class of two-phase flow under consideration. The development also assumes that fluctuations of the curvature of the fluid–fluid interfaces are unimportant over the unit cell representing the porous medium. Under these circumstances, the resulting macroscopic momentum equation, for the -phase (=, ) relates the gradient of the phase-averaged pressure to the filtration or Darcy velocity in a coupled nonlinear form. All tensors appearing in the macroscopic equation can be determined from closure problems that are to be solved using a spatially periodic model of a porous medium. Some indications to compute these tensors are provided.A numerical analysis of the inertial correction to Darcy's law
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/9980
A numerical analysis of the inertial correction to Darcy's law
ABBASIAN ARANI, Ali Akbar; LASSEUX, Didier; AHMADI-SENICHAULT, Azita
Our interest in this work is the stationary one-phase Newtonian flow in a class of homogeneous porous media at large enough flow rates so that the relationship between the filtration velocity and the pressure gradient is no longer linear. The non linear -inertial- correction to Darcy's law is investigated from a numerical point of view on model periodic structures made of regular arrays of cylinders. The starting point of the analysis is the macroscopic model resulting from the volume averaging of the mass and momentum (Navier-Stokes) equations at the pore scale. Identification of the macroscopic properties in this model is made by first solving the microscopic flow as well as the closure problem resulting from the upscaling. From these solutions, the inertial correction is computed and analyzed with respect to the Reynolds number and the pressure gradient orientation relative to the principal axes of the periodic unit cell.
Thu, 01 Jan 2009 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/99802009-01-01T00:00:00ZABBASIAN ARANI, Ali AkbarLASSEUX, DidierAHMADI-SENICHAULT, AzitaOur interest in this work is the stationary one-phase Newtonian flow in a class of homogeneous porous media at large enough flow rates so that the relationship between the filtration velocity and the pressure gradient is no longer linear. The non linear -inertial- correction to Darcy's law is investigated from a numerical point of view on model periodic structures made of regular arrays of cylinders. The starting point of the analysis is the macroscopic model resulting from the volume averaging of the mass and momentum (Navier-Stokes) equations at the pore scale. Identification of the macroscopic properties in this model is made by first solving the microscopic flow as well as the closure problem resulting from the upscaling. From these solutions, the inertial correction is computed and analyzed with respect to the Reynolds number and the pressure gradient orientation relative to the principal axes of the periodic unit cell.Résolution numérique de l’écoulement diphasique en milieu poreux hétérogène incluant les effets inertiels
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/10029
Résolution numérique de l’écoulement diphasique en milieu poreux hétérogène incluant les effets inertiels
ABBASIAN ARANI, Ali Akbar; LASSEUX, Didier; AHMADI-SENICHAULT, Azita
La mise en place d'un outil numérique 3D de simulation d'écoulement diphasique hors régime de Darcy basé sur le modèle de Darcy-Forchheimer généralisé est présentée. L'outil est tout d’abord validé à l’aide d'une solution semi analytique 1D de type Buckley-Leverett. Des résultats obtenus dans différentes configurations homogène et hétérogènes 1D et 2D mettent en évidence l'importance des termes inertiels en fonction d'un nombre de Reynolds de l'écoulement.
Mon, 01 Jan 2007 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/100292007-01-01T00:00:00ZABBASIAN ARANI, Ali AkbarLASSEUX, DidierAHMADI-SENICHAULT, AzitaLa mise en place d'un outil numérique 3D de simulation d'écoulement diphasique hors régime de Darcy basé sur le modèle de Darcy-Forchheimer généralisé est présentée. L'outil est tout d’abord validé à l’aide d'une solution semi analytique 1D de type Buckley-Leverett. Des résultats obtenus dans différentes configurations homogène et hétérogènes 1D et 2D mettent en évidence l'importance des termes inertiels en fonction d'un nombre de Reynolds de l'écoulement.Microstructure-based study of the crack initaition mechanisms in pure copper under high cycle multiaxial fatigue loading conditions
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/16561
Microstructure-based study of the crack initaition mechanisms in pure copper under high cycle multiaxial fatigue loading conditions
AGBESSI, Komban; SAINTIER, Nicolas; PALIN-LUC, Thierry
This paper aims to contribute in understanding the fatigue crack initiation mechanisms in metallic materials under high cycle multiaxial fatigue loadings. It addresses proportional and non-proportional multiaxial loading conditions with the analysis and observation of the cyclic plasticity development (mainly persistent slip band) until crack initiation (especially short cracks) on a pure oxygen-free high conductivity (OFHC) polycristalline copper. Observation and analysis techniques are based mainly on optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It has been observed that the plastic slip multiplicity in grains seems more important for multiaxial loadings at a stress level corresponding to the same median fatigue strength at 106 cycles of the material. A multiaxial loading induces an additional multiplicity of the plastic slip in grains compared to uniaxial loading condition. For all the loading conditions investigated, although most of the grains exhibits single slip activated, analysis of the preferential crack initiation sites and modes show a higher probability of intragranular microcrack initiation in the multiple slip grains (with more than two slip systems activated). Most multiple slip grains and higher probability of crack initiation in these grains were observed especially for non-proportional multiaxial loadings. Finally, the effects of the biaxiality ratio and the phase shift on the fatigue crack initiation was highlighted.
Fri, 01 Jan 2016 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/165612016-01-01T00:00:00ZAGBESSI, KombanSAINTIER, NicolasPALIN-LUC, ThierryThis paper aims to contribute in understanding the fatigue crack initiation mechanisms in metallic materials under high cycle multiaxial fatigue loadings. It addresses proportional and non-proportional multiaxial loading conditions with the analysis and observation of the cyclic plasticity development (mainly persistent slip band) until crack initiation (especially short cracks) on a pure oxygen-free high conductivity (OFHC) polycristalline copper. Observation and analysis techniques are based mainly on optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). It has been observed that the plastic slip multiplicity in grains seems more important for multiaxial loadings at a stress level corresponding to the same median fatigue strength at 106 cycles of the material. A multiaxial loading induces an additional multiplicity of the plastic slip in grains compared to uniaxial loading condition. For all the loading conditions investigated, although most of the grains exhibits single slip activated, analysis of the preferential crack initiation sites and modes show a higher probability of intragranular microcrack initiation in the multiple slip grains (with more than two slip systems activated). Most multiple slip grains and higher probability of crack initiation in these grains were observed especially for non-proportional multiaxial loadings. Finally, the effects of the biaxiality ratio and the phase shift on the fatigue crack initiation was highlighted.High cycle multiaxial fatigue crack initiation : experimental observations and microstructure simulations
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/7497
High cycle multiaxial fatigue crack initiation : experimental observations and microstructure simulations
AGBESSI, Komlan; SAINTIER, Nicolas; PALIN-LUC, Thierry
This study provides an analysis of high cycle multiaxial fatigue crack initiation modes based on SEM observations.The statistical study of crack initiation preferential sites shows that grains with multiple slip have a high probability of crack initiation. The application of Dang Van criterion at the grain scale using finite element analysis (cubic elasticity with / or without crystal plasticity) on 3D synthetic semi-periodic microstructures shows a strong heterogeneity of both the hydrostatic stress and shear. The evolution of this heterogeneity introduced by the material behavior is discussed. Finally, a method based on the extreme values statistics is proposed and applied to the fatigue indicative parameter associated to the Dang Van criterion. The effects of free surface and constitutive material model were analyzed.
Tue, 01 Jan 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/74972013-01-01T00:00:00ZAGBESSI, KomlanSAINTIER, NicolasPALIN-LUC, ThierryThis study provides an analysis of high cycle multiaxial fatigue crack initiation modes based on SEM observations.The statistical study of crack initiation preferential sites shows that grains with multiple slip have a high probability of crack initiation. The application of Dang Van criterion at the grain scale using finite element analysis (cubic elasticity with / or without crystal plasticity) on 3D synthetic semi-periodic microstructures shows a strong heterogeneity of both the hydrostatic stress and shear. The evolution of this heterogeneity introduced by the material behavior is discussed. Finally, a method based on the extreme values statistics is proposed and applied to the fatigue indicative parameter associated to the Dang Van criterion. The effects of free surface and constitutive material model were analyzed.Inertial flow in porous media: A numerical investigation on model structures
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/9888
Inertial flow in porous media: A numerical investigation on model structures
AGNAOU, Mehrez; LASSEUX, Didier; AHMADI-SENICHAULT, Azita
The aim of this work is to study the correction to Darcy's law for inertial flow in porous media. In many situations encountered in industrial applications such as flow in column reactors, gas flow near wells for hydrocarbon recovery and CO2 sequestration, flow in filters... , Reynolds numbers are large enough to lead to a non-linear relationship between the filtration velocity and the pressure gradient. In this work, a numerical analysis of the non linear -inertial- correction to Darcy's law is carried out for the stationary inertial flow of a one-phase Newtonian incompressible fluid on model 2D and 3D structures. Effective properties appearing in the macroscopic model resulting from the volume averaging of the mass and momentum (Navier-Stokes) equations at the pore scale are determined using the microscopic flow fields and solving the closure problems resulting from up-scaling. From the numerical simulations, the dependence of the correction to Darcy's law on the geometrical properties of the 3D structure is studied. These properties are the shape of the solid grains which may be cubic or spherical and the degree of disorder in their arrangement in the domain. Weak disorder corresponds to a random placement of the grains of identical shape and size within each cell of a regular 3D lattice, while for strong disorder, grain size is also randomly distributed.
Tue, 01 Jan 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/98882013-01-01T00:00:00ZAGNAOU, MehrezLASSEUX, DidierAHMADI-SENICHAULT, AzitaThe aim of this work is to study the correction to Darcy's law for inertial flow in porous media. In many situations encountered in industrial applications such as flow in column reactors, gas flow near wells for hydrocarbon recovery and CO2 sequestration, flow in filters... , Reynolds numbers are large enough to lead to a non-linear relationship between the filtration velocity and the pressure gradient. In this work, a numerical analysis of the non linear -inertial- correction to Darcy's law is carried out for the stationary inertial flow of a one-phase Newtonian incompressible fluid on model 2D and 3D structures. Effective properties appearing in the macroscopic model resulting from the volume averaging of the mass and momentum (Navier-Stokes) equations at the pore scale are determined using the microscopic flow fields and solving the closure problems resulting from up-scaling. From the numerical simulations, the dependence of the correction to Darcy's law on the geometrical properties of the 3D structure is studied. These properties are the shape of the solid grains which may be cubic or spherical and the degree of disorder in their arrangement in the domain. Weak disorder corresponds to a random placement of the grains of identical shape and size within each cell of a regular 3D lattice, while for strong disorder, grain size is also randomly distributed.From steady to unsteady laminar flow in model porous structures: an investigation of the first Hopf bifurcation
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/10895
From steady to unsteady laminar flow in model porous structures: an investigation of the first Hopf bifurcation
AGNAOU, Mehrez; LASSEUX, Didier; AHMADI-SENICHAULT, Azita
This work focuses on the occurrence of the first Hopf bifurcation, corresponding to the transition from steady to unsteady flow conditions, on 2D periodic ordered and disordered non-deformable porous structures. The structures under concern, representative of real systems for many applications, are composed of cylinders of square cross section for values of the porosity ranging from 15% to 96%. The critical Reynolds number at the bifurcation is determined for incompressible isothermal Newtonian fluid flow by Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) based on a finite volume discretization method that is second order accurate in space and time. It is shown that for ordered square periodic structures, the critical Reynolds number increases when the porosity decreases and strongly depends on the choice of the Representative Elementary Volume on which periodic boundary conditions are employed. The flow orientation with respect to the principal axes of the structure is also shown to have a very important impact on the value of the Reynolds number of the bifurcation. When structural disorder is introduced, the critical Reynolds number decreases very significantly in comparison to the ordered structure having the same porosity. Correlations between the critical Reynolds number and the porosity are obtained on both ordered and disordered structures over wide range of porosities. A frequency analysis is performed on one of the velocity components to investigate pre- and post-bifurcation flow characteristics.
Fri, 01 Jan 2016 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/108952016-01-01T00:00:00ZAGNAOU, MehrezLASSEUX, DidierAHMADI-SENICHAULT, AzitaThis work focuses on the occurrence of the first Hopf bifurcation, corresponding to the transition from steady to unsteady flow conditions, on 2D periodic ordered and disordered non-deformable porous structures. The structures under concern, representative of real systems for many applications, are composed of cylinders of square cross section for values of the porosity ranging from 15% to 96%. The critical Reynolds number at the bifurcation is determined for incompressible isothermal Newtonian fluid flow by Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) based on a finite volume discretization method that is second order accurate in space and time. It is shown that for ordered square periodic structures, the critical Reynolds number increases when the porosity decreases and strongly depends on the choice of the Representative Elementary Volume on which periodic boundary conditions are employed. The flow orientation with respect to the principal axes of the structure is also shown to have a very important impact on the value of the Reynolds number of the bifurcation. When structural disorder is introduced, the critical Reynolds number decreases very significantly in comparison to the ordered structure having the same porosity. Correlations between the critical Reynolds number and the porosity are obtained on both ordered and disordered structures over wide range of porosities. A frequency analysis is performed on one of the velocity components to investigate pre- and post-bifurcation flow characteristics.Life cycle analysis in preliminary design stages
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8566
Life cycle analysis in preliminary design stages
AGUDELO, Lina-María; MEJÍA-GUTIÉRREZ, Ricardo; NADEAU, Jean-Pierre; PAILHES, Jérôme
In a design process the product is decomposed into systems along the disciplinary lines. Each stage has its own goals and constraints that must be satisfied and has control over a subset of design variables that describe the overall system. When using different tools to initiate a product life cycle, including the environment and impacts, its noticeable that there is a gap in tools that linked the stages of preliminary design and the stages of materialization. Different eco-design methodologies under the common denominator of the use of a life cycle analysis have been compared in time efficiency of use and in which stages of the life cycle they can be used. A case study was developed by the application of these methodologies to obtain first-hand information and interpretable results to define advantages and disadvantages of the selected methodologies.
Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/85662014-01-01T00:00:00ZAGUDELO, Lina-MaríaMEJÍA-GUTIÉRREZ, RicardoNADEAU, Jean-PierrePAILHES, JérômeIn a design process the product is decomposed into systems along the disciplinary lines. Each stage has its own goals and constraints that must be satisfied and has control over a subset of design variables that describe the overall system. When using different tools to initiate a product life cycle, including the environment and impacts, its noticeable that there is a gap in tools that linked the stages of preliminary design and the stages of materialization. Different eco-design methodologies under the common denominator of the use of a life cycle analysis have been compared in time efficiency of use and in which stages of the life cycle they can be used. A case study was developed by the application of these methodologies to obtain first-hand information and interpretable results to define advantages and disadvantages of the selected methodologies.Flow of yied stress fluids through porous media : simulations, experiments and applications
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/12156
Flow of yied stress fluids through porous media : simulations, experiments and applications
AHMADI, Azita; RODRIGUEZ DE CASTRO, Antonio; MALVAULT, Guillaume; OMARI, Aziz
A Yield Stress fluids injection porosimetry Method (YSM) has recently been developed as a simple potential alternative to the extensively used Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry (MIP). Its main advantage is the use of a nontoxic fluid instead of mercury used in MIP. Using this method, the Pore Size Distribution (PSD) of a porous medium is obtained by measuring the flow rate / pressure gradient relationship obtained by injecting a yield stress fluid in the porous medium. The principle of the method and some experimental results obtained using this technique will be presented and will be compared to those obtained by Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry (MIP). In the Yield Stress fluid injection porosimetry method, the main assumption is that the porous medium is described as a bundle of straight capillaries of circular cross-section following a given pore size distribution. This simple model is revisited by introducing both non-circular and axially varying cross-sections. Two key points are tackled using numerical simulations: the flow onset at minimal pressure drop and the variation of the flow rate vs the pressure gradient. These results are finally used to show that the flow rate / pressure gradient relationship of a yield stress fluid through a porous medium can be more closely predicted using a bundle of capillaries of irregular cross-sections rather than using the classical bundle of straight circular capillaries.
Fri, 01 Jan 2016 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/121562016-01-01T00:00:00ZAHMADI, AzitaRODRIGUEZ DE CASTRO, AntonioMALVAULT, GuillaumeOMARI, AzizA Yield Stress fluids injection porosimetry Method (YSM) has recently been developed as a simple potential alternative to the extensively used Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry (MIP). Its main advantage is the use of a nontoxic fluid instead of mercury used in MIP. Using this method, the Pore Size Distribution (PSD) of a porous medium is obtained by measuring the flow rate / pressure gradient relationship obtained by injecting a yield stress fluid in the porous medium. The principle of the method and some experimental results obtained using this technique will be presented and will be compared to those obtained by Mercury Intrusion Porosimetry (MIP). In the Yield Stress fluid injection porosimetry method, the main assumption is that the porous medium is described as a bundle of straight capillaries of circular cross-section following a given pore size distribution. This simple model is revisited by introducing both non-circular and axially varying cross-sections. Two key points are tackled using numerical simulations: the flow onset at minimal pressure drop and the variation of the flow rate vs the pressure gradient. These results are finally used to show that the flow rate / pressure gradient relationship of a yield stress fluid through a porous medium can be more closely predicted using a bundle of capillaries of irregular cross-sections rather than using the classical bundle of straight circular capillaries.