Laboratoire d'Electrotechnique et d'Electronique de Puissance (L2EP) de Lille
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/182
Sat, 11 Jul 2020 21:02:26 GMT2020-07-11T21:02:26ZLaboratoire d'Electrotechnique et d'Electronique de Puissance (L2EP) de Lillehttps://sam.ensam.eu:443/bitstream/id/27f5f51f-2dba-44d0-9bec-7a2ac05bb84f/
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/182
Stochastic Metamodel for Probability of Detection Estimation of Eddy-Current Testing Problem in Random Geometric
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/16564
Stochastic Metamodel for Probability of Detection Estimation of Eddy-Current Testing Problem in Random Geometric
ABDELLI, Djamel Eddin; NGUYEN, Thanh Hung; CLENET, Stéphane; CHERIET, Ahmed
The calculation of the Probability Of Detection (POD) in Non Destructive Eddy Current Testing requires the solution of a stochastic model requiring numerous calls of a numerical model leading to a huge computation time. To reduce this computation time, we propose in this paper to combine either the use of a stochastic metamodel and a mapping which avoids the remeshing step. The stochastic metamodel is constructed using the Least Angle Regression Method. This approach is tested on a axisymmetric problem with 6 random input paramters which shows its efficiency and its accuracy.
Tue, 01 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/165642019-01-01T00:00:00ZABDELLI, Djamel EddinNGUYEN, Thanh HungCLENET, StéphaneCHERIET, AhmedThe calculation of the Probability Of Detection (POD) in Non Destructive Eddy Current Testing requires the solution of a stochastic model requiring numerous calls of a numerical model leading to a huge computation time. To reduce this computation time, we propose in this paper to combine either the use of a stochastic metamodel and a mapping which avoids the remeshing step. The stochastic metamodel is constructed using the Least Angle Regression Method. This approach is tested on a axisymmetric problem with 6 random input paramters which shows its efficiency and its accuracy.Exploitation of independent stator and rotor geometrical periodicities in electrical machines using the Schur complement
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/16565
Exploitation of independent stator and rotor geometrical periodicities in electrical machines using the Schur complement
AL EIT, Moustafa; CLÉNET, Stéphane; HENNERON, Thomas; GUYOMARCH, Féderic
In this paper we present a-priori model reduction technique that enables to take full advantage of the periodicity existing in the stator and rotor geometrical structures of electrical machines in order to reduce the computational time. Firstly, a change of basis is performed by applying two distinct discrete Fourier transformations on the stator and rotor periodic structures independently. Secondly, the Schur complement is introduced in the new spectral basis, to allow a parallel solving of the resulting block-diagonal matrix systems. Moreover, the using of a matrix-free Krylov method based on the conjugate gradient solver has verified an efficient solving of the equation system associated to the stator-rotor interface. Furthermore, in the peculiar case of balanced supply conditions, a model order reduction can be carried out by considering only the dominant discrete Fourier transform components. This model reduction approach is applied on a buried permanent magnet machine and has successfully shown its efficiency under balanced and unbalanced conditions.
Tue, 01 Jan 2019 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/165652019-01-01T00:00:00ZAL EIT, MoustafaCLÉNET, StéphaneHENNERON, ThomasGUYOMARCH, FédericIn this paper we present a-priori model reduction technique that enables to take full advantage of the periodicity existing in the stator and rotor geometrical structures of electrical machines in order to reduce the computational time. Firstly, a change of basis is performed by applying two distinct discrete Fourier transformations on the stator and rotor periodic structures independently. Secondly, the Schur complement is introduced in the new spectral basis, to allow a parallel solving of the resulting block-diagonal matrix systems. Moreover, the using of a matrix-free Krylov method based on the conjugate gradient solver has verified an efficient solving of the equation system associated to the stator-rotor interface. Furthermore, in the peculiar case of balanced supply conditions, a model order reduction can be carried out by considering only the dominant discrete Fourier transform components. This model reduction approach is applied on a buried permanent magnet machine and has successfully shown its efficiency under balanced and unbalanced conditions.Finite-Element Model Reduction of Surface-Mounted Permanent Magnet Machines by Exploitation of Geometrical Periodicity
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/16566
Finite-Element Model Reduction of Surface-Mounted Permanent Magnet Machines by Exploitation of Geometrical Periodicity
AL EIT, Moustafa; CLENET, Stéphane; HENNERON, Thomas
This paper presents a methodology that allows taking advantage of the geometrical periodicity of electrical machines together with the modeling of rotor motion. It enables by means of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) to reduce the large-scale system obtained from the finite-element model to several smaller independent subsystems, allowing a shortening of the computational time. Due to DFT properties, the computational time can be more reduced especially when we consider the inter-dependence of the spectral components under either balanced or unbalanced supply condition. In addition, a further reduction is possible in the case of balanced regimes where the distribution of the eventual numerical solution is governed by a limited number of prevailing harmonics.
Mon, 01 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/165662018-01-01T00:00:00ZAL EIT, MoustafaCLENET, StéphaneHENNERON, ThomasThis paper presents a methodology that allows taking advantage of the geometrical periodicity of electrical machines together with the modeling of rotor motion. It enables by means of the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) to reduce the large-scale system obtained from the finite-element model to several smaller independent subsystems, allowing a shortening of the computational time. Due to DFT properties, the computational time can be more reduced especially when we consider the inter-dependence of the spectral components under either balanced or unbalanced supply condition. In addition, a further reduction is possible in the case of balanced regimes where the distribution of the eventual numerical solution is governed by a limited number of prevailing harmonics.Laboratory-based test bed of a three terminals DC networks using power hardware in the loop
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/10300
Laboratory-based test bed of a three terminals DC networks using power hardware in the loop
AMAMRA, Sid-Ali; COLAS, Frédéric; GUILLAUD, Xavier; NGUEFEU, Samuel
In this paper a three stations MTDC grid is presented, providing a specific application of our work. The experimental platform is intended to combine electrical power components and communication/control equipment with real-time simulation tools. In this way the platform can test grid elements and evaluate different operation scenarios under various conditions.
Tue, 01 Jan 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/103002013-01-01T00:00:00ZAMAMRA, Sid-AliCOLAS, FrédéricGUILLAUD, XavierNGUEFEU, SamuelIn this paper a three stations MTDC grid is presented, providing a specific application of our work. The experimental platform is intended to combine electrical power components and communication/control equipment with real-time simulation tools. In this way the platform can test grid elements and evaluate different operation scenarios under various conditions.Laboratory Demonstration of a Multiterminal VSC-HVDC Power Grid
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/17726
Laboratory Demonstration of a Multiterminal VSC-HVDC Power Grid
AMAMRA, Sid-Ali; COLAS, Frédéric; GUILLAUD, Xavier; RAULT, Pierre; NGUEFEU, Samuel
This paper presents the design, development, con- trol and supervision of a hardware-based laboratory Multi- Terminal-Direct-Current (MTDC) test-bed. This work is a part of the TWENTIES (Transmission system operation with large penetration of Wind and other renewable Electricity sources in Networks by means of innovative Tools and Integrated Energy Solutions) DEMO 3 European project which aims to demonstrate the feasibility of a DC grid through experimental tests. This is a hardware-in-the-loop DC system test-bed with simulated AC systems in real time simulation; the DC cables and some converters are actual, at laboratory scale. The laboratory scale test-bed is homothetic to a full scale high voltage direct current (HVDC) system: electrical elements are the same in per unit. The test-bed is supervised by a Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) system based on PcVue. Primary control based droop control method to provide DC grid power balance and coordinated control methods to dispatch power as scheduled by transmission system operator (TSO) are implemented. Since primary control acts as converter level by using local measure- ments, a coordinated control is proposed to manage the DC grid power flow. The implemented system is innovative and achievable for real-time, real-world MTDC-HVDC grid applications.
Sun, 01 Jan 2017 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/177262017-01-01T00:00:00ZAMAMRA, Sid-AliCOLAS, FrédéricGUILLAUD, XavierRAULT, PierreNGUEFEU, SamuelThis paper presents the design, development, con- trol and supervision of a hardware-based laboratory Multi- Terminal-Direct-Current (MTDC) test-bed. This work is a part of the TWENTIES (Transmission system operation with large penetration of Wind and other renewable Electricity sources in Networks by means of innovative Tools and Integrated Energy Solutions) DEMO 3 European project which aims to demonstrate the feasibility of a DC grid through experimental tests. This is a hardware-in-the-loop DC system test-bed with simulated AC systems in real time simulation; the DC cables and some converters are actual, at laboratory scale. The laboratory scale test-bed is homothetic to a full scale high voltage direct current (HVDC) system: electrical elements are the same in per unit. The test-bed is supervised by a Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) system based on PcVue. Primary control based droop control method to provide DC grid power balance and coordinated control methods to dispatch power as scheduled by transmission system operator (TSO) are implemented. Since primary control acts as converter level by using local measure- ments, a coordinated control is proposed to manage the DC grid power flow. The implemented system is innovative and achievable for real-time, real-world MTDC-HVDC grid applications.Analysis of the energy harvesting performance of a piezoelectric bender outside its resonance
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8546
Analysis of the energy harvesting performance of a piezoelectric bender outside its resonance
AMANCI, Adrien; GIRAUD, Frédéric; GIRAUD-AUDINE, Christophe; AMBERG, Michel; DAWSON, Francis; LEMAIRE-SEMAIL, Betty
When the frequency of the source of vibration of a piezolectric generator is significantly different from its eigenfrequency, the dielectric power losses become prominent and decrease the amount of power which is practically harvested. For off-resonance vibrating frequencies, the optimal operating conditions can be obtained with a Maximum Power Point Tracking method. This paper introduces complex phasors in the study of power conversion for piezoelectric generators. These complex phasors are used to describe three strategies which help simplify the tracking of the optimal generator output power for vibration frequencies which are away from resonance. Experimental results obtained on a prototype illustrate and confirm the approach with the phasor approaches illustrate and confirm the success of the proposed optimal power tracking strategies. Finally, we show that the efficiency results of each strategy depend on whether they are used inside or outside a frequency bandwidth around the eigenfrequency, and that the length of this bandwidth depends on the excitation amplitude.
Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/85462014-01-01T00:00:00ZAMANCI, AdrienGIRAUD, FrédéricGIRAUD-AUDINE, ChristopheAMBERG, MichelDAWSON, FrancisLEMAIRE-SEMAIL, BettyWhen the frequency of the source of vibration of a piezolectric generator is significantly different from its eigenfrequency, the dielectric power losses become prominent and decrease the amount of power which is practically harvested. For off-resonance vibrating frequencies, the optimal operating conditions can be obtained with a Maximum Power Point Tracking method. This paper introduces complex phasors in the study of power conversion for piezoelectric generators. These complex phasors are used to describe three strategies which help simplify the tracking of the optimal generator output power for vibration frequencies which are away from resonance. Experimental results obtained on a prototype illustrate and confirm the approach with the phasor approaches illustrate and confirm the success of the proposed optimal power tracking strategies. Finally, we show that the efficiency results of each strategy depend on whether they are used inside or outside a frequency bandwidth around the eigenfrequency, and that the length of this bandwidth depends on the excitation amplitude.Characterization of the local Electrical Properties of Electrical Machine Parts with non-Trivial Geometry
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/9861
Characterization of the local Electrical Properties of Electrical Machine Parts with non-Trivial Geometry
ARBENZ, Laure; BENABOU, Abdelkader; CLENET, Stéphane; MIPO, Jean-Claude; FAVEROLLE, Pierre
In electrical machines, knowing the electrical conductivity is of importance for the eddy current calculation, especially when massive iron parts are involved. Generally the conductivity is measured on samples of raw materials with simple geometries. Indeed, a simple geometry is suitable for applying an analytical approach to deduce the electrical conductivity from the measured electrical quantities. Nevertheless, when a non destructive measurement is required, the measurement of the electrical conductivity can become rather difficult on parts with complex geometry. To that end, with the help of the Finite Element Modeling approach (FEM), a strategy is developed to characterize the local electrical properties of parts with a non-trivial geometry.
Thu, 01 Jan 2015 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/98612015-01-01T00:00:00ZARBENZ, LaureBENABOU, AbdelkaderCLENET, StéphaneMIPO, Jean-ClaudeFAVEROLLE, PierreIn electrical machines, knowing the electrical conductivity is of importance for the eddy current calculation, especially when massive iron parts are involved. Generally the conductivity is measured on samples of raw materials with simple geometries. Indeed, a simple geometry is suitable for applying an analytical approach to deduce the electrical conductivity from the measured electrical quantities. Nevertheless, when a non destructive measurement is required, the measurement of the electrical conductivity can become rather difficult on parts with complex geometry. To that end, with the help of the Finite Element Modeling approach (FEM), a strategy is developed to characterize the local electrical properties of parts with a non-trivial geometry.Characterization of the local incremental permeability of a ferromagnetic plate based on a four needles technique
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/11754
Characterization of the local incremental permeability of a ferromagnetic plate based on a four needles technique
ARBENZ, Laure; BENABOU, Abdelkader; CLÉNET, Stéphane; FAVEROLLE, Pierre; MIPO, Jean-Claude
The performances of electrical machines depend highly on the behavior of ferromagnetic materials. In some applications, these materials operate under DC polarization, i.e. when the magnetic field oscillates around a DC bias. In that condition, it is required to know the incremental permeability which characterizes the magnetic behavior of the material around the operating point. In this paper, a non-destructive approach, involving a combination of experiment and Finite Element (FE) technique, is presented in order to determine the incremental permeability. The proposed sensor is based on the four-needles method. With this sensor, Bowler et al. have proposed a method to determine the initial permeability of homogeneous metal plates based on an analytical model. Here we propose to use the same kind of sensor to determine the incremental permeability. The measurement process is analyzed using a FE model. It is shown that the analytical approach reaches its limits if the permeability of the plate and its thickness become too high. A combination between the measurements and a FE model is introduced to overcome this
Fri, 01 Jan 2016 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/117542016-01-01T00:00:00ZARBENZ, LaureBENABOU, AbdelkaderCLÉNET, StéphaneFAVEROLLE, PierreMIPO, Jean-ClaudeThe performances of electrical machines depend highly on the behavior of ferromagnetic materials. In some applications, these materials operate under DC polarization, i.e. when the magnetic field oscillates around a DC bias. In that condition, it is required to know the incremental permeability which characterizes the magnetic behavior of the material around the operating point. In this paper, a non-destructive approach, involving a combination of experiment and Finite Element (FE) technique, is presented in order to determine the incremental permeability. The proposed sensor is based on the four-needles method. With this sensor, Bowler et al. have proposed a method to determine the initial permeability of homogeneous metal plates based on an analytical model. Here we propose to use the same kind of sensor to determine the incremental permeability. The measurement process is analyzed using a FE model. It is shown that the analytical approach reaches its limits if the permeability of the plate and its thickness become too high. A combination between the measurements and a FE model is introduced to overcome thisCharacterization of the Local Incremental Permeability of a Ferromagnetic Plate Based on a Four Needles Technique
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/16569
Characterization of the Local Incremental Permeability of a Ferromagnetic Plate Based on a Four Needles Technique
ARBENZ, Laure; BENABOU, Abdelkader; CLENET, Stéphane; MIPO, Jean-Claude; FAVEROLLE, Pierre
The performances of electrical machines depend highly on the behavior of ferromagnetic materials. In some applications, these materials operate under DC polarization, i.e. when the magnetic field oscillates around a DC bias. In that condition, it is required to know the incremental permeability which characterizes the magnetic behavior of the material around the operating point. In this paper, a non-destructive approach, involving a combination of experiment and Finite Element (FE) technique, is presented in order to determine the incremental permeability. The proposed sensor is based on the four-needles method. With this sensor, Bowler et al. have proposed a method to determine the initial permeability of homogeneous metal plates based on an analytical model. Here we propose to use the same kind of sensor to determine the incremental permeability. The measurement process is analyzed using a FE model. It is shown that the analytical approach reaches its limits if the permeability of the plate and its thickness become too high. A combination between the measurements and a FE model is introduced to overcome this difficulty to determine the incremental permeability. The study of two magnetic steel samples illustrates the interest of this method.
Fri, 01 Jan 2016 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/165692016-01-01T00:00:00ZARBENZ, LaureBENABOU, AbdelkaderCLENET, StéphaneMIPO, Jean-ClaudeFAVEROLLE, PierreThe performances of electrical machines depend highly on the behavior of ferromagnetic materials. In some applications, these materials operate under DC polarization, i.e. when the magnetic field oscillates around a DC bias. In that condition, it is required to know the incremental permeability which characterizes the magnetic behavior of the material around the operating point. In this paper, a non-destructive approach, involving a combination of experiment and Finite Element (FE) technique, is presented in order to determine the incremental permeability. The proposed sensor is based on the four-needles method. With this sensor, Bowler et al. have proposed a method to determine the initial permeability of homogeneous metal plates based on an analytical model. Here we propose to use the same kind of sensor to determine the incremental permeability. The measurement process is analyzed using a FE model. It is shown that the analytical approach reaches its limits if the permeability of the plate and its thickness become too high. A combination between the measurements and a FE model is introduced to overcome this difficulty to determine the incremental permeability. The study of two magnetic steel samples illustrates the interest of this method.General Analytical Model of Magnet Average Eddy-Current Volume Losses for Comparison of Multi-phase PM Machines with Concentrated Winding
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8268
General Analytical Model of Magnet Average Eddy-Current Volume Losses for Comparison of Multi-phase PM Machines with Concentrated Winding
ASLAN, Bassel; SEMAIL, Eric; LEGRANGER, Jerome
this paper studies magnet eddy-current losses in permanent magnet (PM) machines with concentrated winding. First of all, space harmonics of magnetomotive force (MMF) and their influence on magnet losses in electrical machines are investigated. Secondly, analytical model of magnet volume losses is developed by studying the interaction between MMF harmonics wavelengths and magnet pole dimensions. Different cases of this interaction are exhibited according to the ratio between each harmonic wavelength and magnet pole width. Then various losses sub-models are deduced. Using this analytical model, magnet volume losses for many Slots/Poles combinations of 3, 5, and 7 phase machines with concentrated winding are compared. This comparison leads to classify combinations into different families depending on their magnet losses level. Finally, in order to verify the theoretical study, Finite Element models are built and simulation results are compared with analytical calculations
Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/82682014-01-01T00:00:00ZASLAN, BasselSEMAIL, EricLEGRANGER, Jeromethis paper studies magnet eddy-current losses in permanent magnet (PM) machines with concentrated winding. First of all, space harmonics of magnetomotive force (MMF) and their influence on magnet losses in electrical machines are investigated. Secondly, analytical model of magnet volume losses is developed by studying the interaction between MMF harmonics wavelengths and magnet pole dimensions. Different cases of this interaction are exhibited according to the ratio between each harmonic wavelength and magnet pole width. Then various losses sub-models are deduced. Using this analytical model, magnet volume losses for many Slots/Poles combinations of 3, 5, and 7 phase machines with concentrated winding are compared. This comparison leads to classify combinations into different families depending on their magnet losses level. Finally, in order to verify the theoretical study, Finite Element models are built and simulation results are compared with analytical calculations