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http://hdl.handle.net/10985/23261
Double-diffusive natural convection of Casson fluids in an enclosure
AMMAR, Amine; MASOUMI, H.; AGHIGHI, Mohammad Saeid
This study investigates the double-diffusive natural convection of the non-Newtonian Casson fluid in a square cavity based on the original viscoplastic stress model without simplification. Therefore, yield stress plays an essential role in understanding fluid behavior. The finite element approach provided a numerical solution to continuity, momentum, energy, and species governing equations. The governing parameters for this problem are Rayleigh number, Ra, yield number, Y, buoyancy ratio number, Nr, and Lewis number, Le. The influence of these parameters on heat and mass transfer, the morphology of yielded/unyielded regions, and fluid flow are thoroughly examined.
The results show that unyielded regions increase at high Rayleigh numbers, despite the increase in buoyancy force and consequently increased heat and mass transfer. On the other hand, as the buoyancy ratio drops, the flow’s strength and heat and mass transmission diminish, leading to an increase in plug regions. Accordingly, the mechanisms influencing the growth of unyielded regions are complex and follow different patterns. However, the plug regions always grow with increasing Y. The results indicate that increasing the Lewis number (mass transfer) reduces the effect of the buoyancy ratio on flow, heat transfer, and the unyielded regions in every case.
Quantitative analysis of the results indicates that, while buoyancy ratio affects heat and mass transfer almost equally, the Lewis number increases mass transfer up to three times the heat transfer. Meanwhile, changing the buoyancy ratio can increase the maximum yield stress to 400%, while changing the Lewis number has a maximum effect of 20%.
Thu, 01 Sep 2022 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/232612022-09-01T00:00:00ZAMMAR, AmineMASOUMI, H.AGHIGHI, Mohammad SaeidThis study investigates the double-diffusive natural convection of the non-Newtonian Casson fluid in a square cavity based on the original viscoplastic stress model without simplification. Therefore, yield stress plays an essential role in understanding fluid behavior. The finite element approach provided a numerical solution to continuity, momentum, energy, and species governing equations. The governing parameters for this problem are Rayleigh number, Ra, yield number, Y, buoyancy ratio number, Nr, and Lewis number, Le. The influence of these parameters on heat and mass transfer, the morphology of yielded/unyielded regions, and fluid flow are thoroughly examined.
The results show that unyielded regions increase at high Rayleigh numbers, despite the increase in buoyancy force and consequently increased heat and mass transfer. On the other hand, as the buoyancy ratio drops, the flow’s strength and heat and mass transmission diminish, leading to an increase in plug regions. Accordingly, the mechanisms influencing the growth of unyielded regions are complex and follow different patterns. However, the plug regions always grow with increasing Y. The results indicate that increasing the Lewis number (mass transfer) reduces the effect of the buoyancy ratio on flow, heat transfer, and the unyielded regions in every case.
Quantitative analysis of the results indicates that, while buoyancy ratio affects heat and mass transfer almost equally, the Lewis number increases mass transfer up to three times the heat transfer. Meanwhile, changing the buoyancy ratio can increase the maximum yield stress to 400%, while changing the Lewis number has a maximum effect of 20%.Rayleigh–Bénard convection of a viscoplastic liquid in a trapezoidal enclosure
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/23273
Rayleigh–Bénard convection of a viscoplastic liquid in a trapezoidal enclosure
AMMAR, Amine; MASOUMI, Hamed; LANJABI, A.; AGHIGHI, Mohammad Saeid
.The objective of this paper is to clarify the role of sloping walls on convective heat transport in Rayleigh–Bénard convection within a trapezoidal enclosure filled with viscoplastic fluid. The rheology of the viscoplastic fluid has been modeled with Bingham fluid model. The system of coupled nonlinear differential equations was solved numerically by Galerkin's weighted residuals scheme of finite element method. The numerical experiments are carried out for a range of parameter values, namely, Rayleigh number (5.103 ≤ Ra ≤ 105), yield number (0 ≤ Y ≤ Yc), and sidewall inclination angle (ϕ = 0, π/6, π/4, π/3) at a fixed Prandtl number (Pr = 500). Effects of the inclination angle on the flow and temperature fields are presented. The results reveal that inclination angle causes a multicellular flow and appears as the main parameter to govern heat transfer in the cavity. The heat transfer rate is found to increase with the increasing angle of the sloping wall for both Newtonian and yield stress fluids. On the other hand, the plug regions also found to increase with increasing φ, which is unusual but perhaps not unexpected behavior. In the yield stress fluids, the flow becomes motionless above a critical yield number Yc because the plug regions invade the whole cavity. The critical yield number Yc is also affected by the change of inclination angle and increases significantly with the increase of φ.
Sat, 01 Aug 2020 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/232732020-08-01T00:00:00ZAMMAR, AmineMASOUMI, HamedLANJABI, A.AGHIGHI, Mohammad Saeid.The objective of this paper is to clarify the role of sloping walls on convective heat transport in Rayleigh–Bénard convection within a trapezoidal enclosure filled with viscoplastic fluid. The rheology of the viscoplastic fluid has been modeled with Bingham fluid model. The system of coupled nonlinear differential equations was solved numerically by Galerkin's weighted residuals scheme of finite element method. The numerical experiments are carried out for a range of parameter values, namely, Rayleigh number (5.103 ≤ Ra ≤ 105), yield number (0 ≤ Y ≤ Yc), and sidewall inclination angle (ϕ = 0, π/6, π/4, π/3) at a fixed Prandtl number (Pr = 500). Effects of the inclination angle on the flow and temperature fields are presented. The results reveal that inclination angle causes a multicellular flow and appears as the main parameter to govern heat transfer in the cavity. The heat transfer rate is found to increase with the increasing angle of the sloping wall for both Newtonian and yield stress fluids. On the other hand, the plug regions also found to increase with increasing φ, which is unusual but perhaps not unexpected behavior. In the yield stress fluids, the flow becomes motionless above a critical yield number Yc because the plug regions invade the whole cavity. The critical yield number Yc is also affected by the change of inclination angle and increases significantly with the increase of φ.Aspect ratio effects in Rayleigh-Bénard convection of Herschel-Bulkley fluids
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/16656
Aspect ratio effects in Rayleigh-Bénard convection of Herschel-Bulkley fluids
AGHIGHI, Mohammad Saeid; AMMAR, Amine
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to analyze two-dimensional steady-state Rayleigh–Bénard convection within rectangular enclosures in different aspect ratios filled with yield stress fluids obeying the Herschel–Bulkley model. Design/methodology/approach In this study, a numerical method based on the finite element has been developed for analyzing two-dimensional natural convection of a Herschel–Bulkley fluid. The effects of Bingham number Bn and power law index n on heat and momentum transport have been investigated for a nominal Rayleigh number range (5 × 10^3 < Ra < 10^5), three different aspect ratios (ratio of enclosure length:height AR = 1, 2, 3) and a single representative value of nominal Prandtl number (Pr = 10). Findings Results show that the mean Nusselt number Nu¯ increases with increasing Rayleigh number due to strengthening of convective transport. However, with the same nominal value of Ra, the values of Nu¯ for shear thinning fluids n < 1 are greater than shear thickening fluids n > 1. The values of Nu¯ decrease with Bingham number and for large values of Bn, Nu¯ rapidly approaches unity, which indicates that heat transfer takes place principally by thermal conduction. The effects of aspect ratios have also been investigated and results show that Nu¯ increases with increasing AR due to stronger convection effects. Originality/value This paper presents a numerical study of Rayleigh–Bérnard flows involving Herschel–Bulkley fluids for a wide range of Rayleigh numbers, Bingham numbers and power law index based on finite element method. The effects of aspect ratio on flow and heat transfer of Herschel–Bulkley fluids are also studied.
Sun, 01 Jan 2017 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/166562017-01-01T00:00:00ZAGHIGHI, Mohammad SaeidAMMAR, AminePurpose The purpose of this paper is to analyze two-dimensional steady-state Rayleigh–Bénard convection within rectangular enclosures in different aspect ratios filled with yield stress fluids obeying the Herschel–Bulkley model. Design/methodology/approach In this study, a numerical method based on the finite element has been developed for analyzing two-dimensional natural convection of a Herschel–Bulkley fluid. The effects of Bingham number Bn and power law index n on heat and momentum transport have been investigated for a nominal Rayleigh number range (5 × 10^3 < Ra < 10^5), three different aspect ratios (ratio of enclosure length:height AR = 1, 2, 3) and a single representative value of nominal Prandtl number (Pr = 10). Findings Results show that the mean Nusselt number Nu¯ increases with increasing Rayleigh number due to strengthening of convective transport. However, with the same nominal value of Ra, the values of Nu¯ for shear thinning fluids n < 1 are greater than shear thickening fluids n > 1. The values of Nu¯ decrease with Bingham number and for large values of Bn, Nu¯ rapidly approaches unity, which indicates that heat transfer takes place principally by thermal conduction. The effects of aspect ratios have also been investigated and results show that Nu¯ increases with increasing AR due to stronger convection effects. Originality/value This paper presents a numerical study of Rayleigh–Bérnard flows involving Herschel–Bulkley fluids for a wide range of Rayleigh numbers, Bingham numbers and power law index based on finite element method. The effects of aspect ratio on flow and heat transfer of Herschel–Bulkley fluids are also studied.Non-incremental transient solution of the Rayleigh–Bénard convection model by using the PGD
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/10265
Non-incremental transient solution of the Rayleigh–Bénard convection model by using the PGD
AGHIGHI, Mohammad Saeid; METIVIER, Christel; NORMANDIN, Magdeleine; CHINESTA, Francisco; AMMAR, Amine
This paper focuses on the non-incremental solution of transient coupled non-linear models, in particular the one related to the Rayleigh–Bénard flow problem that models natural thermal convection. For this purpose we are applying the so-called Proper Generalized Decomposition that proceeds by performing space-time separated representations of the different unknown fields involved by the flow model. This non-incremental solution strategy allows significant computational time savings and opens new perspectives for introducing some flow and/or fluid parameters as extra-coordinates.
Tue, 01 Jan 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/102652013-01-01T00:00:00ZAGHIGHI, Mohammad SaeidMETIVIER, ChristelNORMANDIN, MagdeleineCHINESTA, FranciscoAMMAR, AmineThis paper focuses on the non-incremental solution of transient coupled non-linear models, in particular the one related to the Rayleigh–Bénard flow problem that models natural thermal convection. For this purpose we are applying the so-called Proper Generalized Decomposition that proceeds by performing space-time separated representations of the different unknown fields involved by the flow model. This non-incremental solution strategy allows significant computational time savings and opens new perspectives for introducing some flow and/or fluid parameters as extra-coordinates.Rayleigh-Bénard convection of Casson fluids
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/16695
Rayleigh-Bénard convection of Casson fluids
AGHIGHI, Mohammad Saeid; METIVIER, Christel; GHARAGOZLU, M.; AMMAR, Amine
This study aims at investigating numerically the Rayleigh-Bénard Convection (RBC) in viscoplastic fluids. A Casson fluid is considered in a bidimensional square cavity heated from below. The effects of the dimensionless yield stress, the Bingham number Bn, on the heat transfer and motion is investigated in the range 5.10^3 < Ra < 10^5 for the Rayleigh number and Pr = 10, 100, 1000 for the Prandtl number. One shows that the yield stress has a stabilizing effect, reducing the convection intensity. Above a certain value of Bnmax , the convection does not occur and the heat transfer is only due to conduction. For moderate Bn values, truly unyielded regions are located in the center of the cavity; their areas grow with increasing Bingham number and invade the whole cavity at the threshold value Bnmax .
Mon, 01 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/166952018-01-01T00:00:00ZAGHIGHI, Mohammad SaeidMETIVIER, ChristelGHARAGOZLU, M.AMMAR, AmineThis study aims at investigating numerically the Rayleigh-Bénard Convection (RBC) in viscoplastic fluids. A Casson fluid is considered in a bidimensional square cavity heated from below. The effects of the dimensionless yield stress, the Bingham number Bn, on the heat transfer and motion is investigated in the range 5.10^3 < Ra < 10^5 for the Rayleigh number and Pr = 10, 100, 1000 for the Prandtl number. One shows that the yield stress has a stabilizing effect, reducing the convection intensity. Above a certain value of Bnmax , the convection does not occur and the heat transfer is only due to conduction. For moderate Bn values, truly unyielded regions are located in the center of the cavity; their areas grow with increasing Bingham number and invade the whole cavity at the threshold value Bnmax .Parametric solution of the Rayleigh-Benard convection model by using the PGD Application to nanofluids
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/10242
Parametric solution of the Rayleigh-Benard convection model by using the PGD Application to nanofluids
AGHIGHI, Mohammad Saeid; METIVIER, Christel; CHINESTA, Francisco; AMMAR, Amine
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to focus on the advanced solution of the parametric non-linear model related to the Rayleigh-Benard laminar flow involved in the modeling of natural thermal convection. This flow is fully determined by the dimensionless Prandtl and Rayleigh numbers. Thus, if one could precompute (off-line) the model solution for any possible choice of these two parameters the analysis of many possible scenarios could be performed on-line and in real time. Design/methodology/approach – In this paper both parameters are introduced as model extracoordinates, and then the resulting multidimensional problem solved thanks to the space-parameters separated representation involved in the proper generalized decomposition (PGD) that allows circumventing the curse of dimensionality. Thus the parametric solution will be available fast and easily. Findings – Such parametric solution could be viewed as a sort of abacus, but despite its inherent interest such calculation is at present unaffordable for nowadays computing availabilities because one must solve too many problems and of course store all the solutions related to each choice of both parameters. Originality/value – Parametric solution of coupled models by using the PGD. Model reduction of complex coupled flow models. Analysis of Rayleigh-Bernard flows involving nanofluids.
Thu, 01 Jan 2015 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/102422015-01-01T00:00:00ZAGHIGHI, Mohammad SaeidMETIVIER, ChristelCHINESTA, FranciscoAMMAR, AminePurpose – The purpose of this paper is to focus on the advanced solution of the parametric non-linear model related to the Rayleigh-Benard laminar flow involved in the modeling of natural thermal convection. This flow is fully determined by the dimensionless Prandtl and Rayleigh numbers. Thus, if one could precompute (off-line) the model solution for any possible choice of these two parameters the analysis of many possible scenarios could be performed on-line and in real time. Design/methodology/approach – In this paper both parameters are introduced as model extracoordinates, and then the resulting multidimensional problem solved thanks to the space-parameters separated representation involved in the proper generalized decomposition (PGD) that allows circumventing the curse of dimensionality. Thus the parametric solution will be available fast and easily. Findings – Such parametric solution could be viewed as a sort of abacus, but despite its inherent interest such calculation is at present unaffordable for nowadays computing availabilities because one must solve too many problems and of course store all the solutions related to each choice of both parameters. Originality/value – Parametric solution of coupled models by using the PGD. Model reduction of complex coupled flow models. Analysis of Rayleigh-Bernard flows involving nanofluids.