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http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6867
The onset of three-dimensional centrifugal global modes and their nonlinear development in a recirculating flow over a flat surface
CHERUBINI, Stefania; ROBINET, Jean-Christophe; DE PALMA, Pietro; ALIZARD, Frédéric
The three-dimensional stability dynamics of a separation bubble over a flat plate has been studied in both linear and nonlinear conditions. Using a global eigenvalue analysis, two centrifugal global modes are identified: an asymptotically unstable three-dimensional weakly growing mode which appears to be originated by a Rayleigh instability; a marginally stable three-dimensional steady mode which is originated by a convective Gortler instability. Direct numerical simulations show that both modes play a role in the route to transition toward the turbulent flow. A structural sensitivity analysis is used to investigate the mechanism of selection of the path toward transition when small perturbations are considered. Finally, a scenario of transition via Gortler modes breakdown is studied in detail, revealing the formation of trains of hairpin vortices in streamwise succession.
Publisher version : http://pof.aip.org/resource/1/phfle6/v22/i11/p114102_s1?isAuthorized=no
Fri, 01 Jan 2010 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/68672010-01-01T00:00:00ZCHERUBINI, StefaniaROBINET, Jean-ChristopheDE PALMA, PietroALIZARD, FrédéricThe three-dimensional stability dynamics of a separation bubble over a flat plate has been studied in both linear and nonlinear conditions. Using a global eigenvalue analysis, two centrifugal global modes are identified: an asymptotically unstable three-dimensional weakly growing mode which appears to be originated by a Rayleigh instability; a marginally stable three-dimensional steady mode which is originated by a convective Gortler instability. Direct numerical simulations show that both modes play a role in the route to transition toward the turbulent flow. A structural sensitivity analysis is used to investigate the mechanism of selection of the path toward transition when small perturbations are considered. Finally, a scenario of transition via Gortler modes breakdown is studied in detail, revealing the formation of trains of hairpin vortices in streamwise succession.Global and Koopman modes analysis of sound generation in mixing layers
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8642
Global and Koopman modes analysis of sound generation in mixing layers
SONG, Ge; ALIZARD, Frédéric; ROBINET, Jean-Christophe; GLOERFELT, Xavier
It is now well established that linear and nonlinear instability waves play a significant role in the noise generation process for a wide variety of shear flows such as jets or mixing layers. In that context, the problem of acoustic radiation generated by spatially growing instability waves of two-dimensional subsonic and supersonic mixing layers are revisited in a global point of view, i.e., without any assumption about the base flow, in both a linear and a nonlinear framework by using global and Koopman mode decompositions. In that respect, a timestepping technique based on disturbance equations is employed to extract the most dynamically relevant coherent structures for both linear and nonlinear regimes. The present analysis proposes thus a general strategy for analysing the near-field coherent structures which are responsible for the acoustic noise in these configurations. In particular, we illustrate the failure of linear global modes to describe the noise generation mechanism associated with the vortex pairing for the subsonic regime whereas they appropriately explain the Mach wave radiation of instability waves in the supersonic regime. By contrast, the Dynamic Mode Decomposition (DMD) analysis captures both the near-field dynamics and the far-field acoustics with a few number of modes for both configurations. In addition, the combination of DMD and linear global modes analyses provides new insight about the influence on the radiated noise of nonlinear interactions and saturation of instability waves as well as their interaction with the mean flow.
Tue, 01 Jan 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/86422013-01-01T00:00:00ZSONG, GeALIZARD, FrédéricROBINET, Jean-ChristopheGLOERFELT, XavierIt is now well established that linear and nonlinear instability waves play a significant role in the noise generation process for a wide variety of shear flows such as jets or mixing layers. In that context, the problem of acoustic radiation generated by spatially growing instability waves of two-dimensional subsonic and supersonic mixing layers are revisited in a global point of view, i.e., without any assumption about the base flow, in both a linear and a nonlinear framework by using global and Koopman mode decompositions. In that respect, a timestepping technique based on disturbance equations is employed to extract the most dynamically relevant coherent structures for both linear and nonlinear regimes. The present analysis proposes thus a general strategy for analysing the near-field coherent structures which are responsible for the acoustic noise in these configurations. In particular, we illustrate the failure of linear global modes to describe the noise generation mechanism associated with the vortex pairing for the subsonic regime whereas they appropriately explain the Mach wave radiation of instability waves in the supersonic regime. By contrast, the Dynamic Mode Decomposition (DMD) analysis captures both the near-field dynamics and the far-field acoustics with a few number of modes for both configurations. In addition, the combination of DMD and linear global modes analyses provides new insight about the influence on the radiated noise of nonlinear interactions and saturation of instability waves as well as their interaction with the mean flow.A domain decomposition matrix-free method for global linear stability
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8644
A domain decomposition matrix-free method for global linear stability
ALIZARD, Frédéric; ROBINET, Jean-Christophe; GLOERFELT, Xavier
This work is dedicated to the presentation of a matrix-free method for global linear stability analysis in geometries composed of multi-connected rectangular subdomains. An Arnoldi technique using snapshots in subdomains of the entire geometry combined with a multidomain linearized Direct Numerical Finite difference simulations based on an influence matrix for partitioning are adopted. The method is illustrated by three benchmark problems: the lid-driven cavity, the square cylinder and the open cavity flow. The efficiency of the method to extract large-scale structures in a multidomain framework is emphasized. The possibility to use subset of the full domain to recover the perturbation associated with the entire flow field is also highlighted. Such a method appears thus a promising tool to deal with large computational domains and three-dimensionality within a parallel architecture.
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/86442012-01-01T00:00:00ZALIZARD, FrédéricROBINET, Jean-ChristopheGLOERFELT, XavierThis work is dedicated to the presentation of a matrix-free method for global linear stability analysis in geometries composed of multi-connected rectangular subdomains. An Arnoldi technique using snapshots in subdomains of the entire geometry combined with a multidomain linearized Direct Numerical Finite difference simulations based on an influence matrix for partitioning are adopted. The method is illustrated by three benchmark problems: the lid-driven cavity, the square cylinder and the open cavity flow. The efficiency of the method to extract large-scale structures in a multidomain framework is emphasized. The possibility to use subset of the full domain to recover the perturbation associated with the entire flow field is also highlighted. Such a method appears thus a promising tool to deal with large computational domains and three-dimensionality within a parallel architecture.Sensitivity and optimal forcing response in separated boundary layer flows
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6862
Sensitivity and optimal forcing response in separated boundary layer flows
ALIZARD, Frédéric; CHERUBINI, Stefania; ROBINET, Jean-Christophe
The optimal asymptotic response to time harmonic forcing of a convectively unstable two-dimensional separated boundary layer on a flat plate is numerically revisited from a global point of view. By expanding the flow disturbance variables and the forcing term as a summation of temporal modes, the linear convective instability mechanism associated with the response leading to the maximum gain in energy is theoretically investigated. Such a response is driven by a pseudoresonance of temporal modes due to the non-normality of the underlying linearized evolution operator. In particular, the considered expansion on a limited number of modes is found able to accurately simulate the linear instability mechanism, as suggested by a comparison between the global linear stability analysis and a linearized direct numerical simulation. Furthermore, the dependence of such a mechanism on the Reynolds number and the adverse pressure gradient is investigated, outlining a physical description of the destabilization of the flow induced by the rolling up of the shear layer. Therefore, the convective character of the problem suggests that the considered flat plate separated flows may act as a selective noise amplifier. In order to verfy such a possibility, the responses of the flow to the optimal forcing and to a small level of noise are compared, and their connection to the onset of self-excited vortices observed in literature is investigated. For that purpose, a nonlinear direct numerical simulation is performed, which is initialized by a random noise superposed to the base flow at the inflow boundary points. The band of excited frequencies as well as the associated peak match with the ones computed by the asymptotic global analysis. Finally, the connection between the onset of unsteadiness and the optimal response is further supported by a comparison between the optimal circular frequency and a typical Strouhal number predicted by numerical simulations of previous authors in similar cases.
Publisher version : http://pof.aip.org/resource/1/phfle6/v21/i6/p064108_s1?isAuthorized=no
Thu, 01 Jan 2009 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/68622009-01-01T00:00:00ZALIZARD, FrédéricCHERUBINI, StefaniaROBINET, Jean-ChristopheThe optimal asymptotic response to time harmonic forcing of a convectively unstable two-dimensional separated boundary layer on a flat plate is numerically revisited from a global point of view. By expanding the flow disturbance variables and the forcing term as a summation of temporal modes, the linear convective instability mechanism associated with the response leading to the maximum gain in energy is theoretically investigated. Such a response is driven by a pseudoresonance of temporal modes due to the non-normality of the underlying linearized evolution operator. In particular, the considered expansion on a limited number of modes is found able to accurately simulate the linear instability mechanism, as suggested by a comparison between the global linear stability analysis and a linearized direct numerical simulation. Furthermore, the dependence of such a mechanism on the Reynolds number and the adverse pressure gradient is investigated, outlining a physical description of the destabilization of the flow induced by the rolling up of the shear layer. Therefore, the convective character of the problem suggests that the considered flat plate separated flows may act as a selective noise amplifier. In order to verfy such a possibility, the responses of the flow to the optimal forcing and to a small level of noise are compared, and their connection to the onset of self-excited vortices observed in literature is investigated. For that purpose, a nonlinear direct numerical simulation is performed, which is initialized by a random noise superposed to the base flow at the inflow boundary points. The band of excited frequencies as well as the associated peak match with the ones computed by the asymptotic global analysis. Finally, the connection between the onset of unsteadiness and the optimal response is further supported by a comparison between the optimal circular frequency and a typical Strouhal number predicted by numerical simulations of previous authors in similar cases.Three-dimensional instability of a ow past a sphere: Mach evolution of the regular and Hopf bifurcations
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/14215
Three-dimensional instability of a ow past a sphere: Mach evolution of the regular and Hopf bifurcations
SANSICA, Andrea; ROBINET, Jean-Christophe; ALIZARD, Frédéric; GONCALVES, Eric
A fully three-dimensional linear stability analysis is carried out to investigate the unstable bifurcations of a compressible viscous fluid past a sphere. A time-stepper technique is used to compute both equilibrium states and leading eigenmodes. In agreement with previous studies, the numerical results reveal a regular bifurcation under the action of a steady mode and a supercritical Hopf bifurcation that causes the onset of unsteadiness but also illustrate the limitations of previous linear approaches, based on parallel and axisymmetric base flow assumptions, or weakly nonlinear theories. The evolution of the unstable bifurcations is investigated up to low-supersonic speeds. For increasing Mach numbers, the thresholds move towards higher Reynolds numbers. The unsteady fluctuations are weakened and an axisymmetrization of the base flow occurs. For a sufficiently high Reynolds number, the regular bifurcation disappears and the flow directly passes from an unsteady planar-symmetric solution to a stationary axisymmetric stable one when the Mach number is increased. A stability map is drawn by tracking the bifurcation boundaries for different Reynolds and Mach numbers. When supersonic conditions are reached, the flow becomes globally stable and switches to a noise-amplifier system. A continuous Gaussian white noise forcing is applied in front of the shock to examine the convective nature of the flow. A Fourier analysis and a dynamic mode decomposition show a modal response that recalls that of the incompressible unsteady cases. Although transition in the wake does not occur for the chosen Reynolds number and forcing amplitude, this suggests a link between subsonic and supersonic dynamics.
Mon, 01 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/142152018-01-01T00:00:00ZSANSICA, AndreaROBINET, Jean-ChristopheALIZARD, FrédéricGONCALVES, EricA fully three-dimensional linear stability analysis is carried out to investigate the unstable bifurcations of a compressible viscous fluid past a sphere. A time-stepper technique is used to compute both equilibrium states and leading eigenmodes. In agreement with previous studies, the numerical results reveal a regular bifurcation under the action of a steady mode and a supercritical Hopf bifurcation that causes the onset of unsteadiness but also illustrate the limitations of previous linear approaches, based on parallel and axisymmetric base flow assumptions, or weakly nonlinear theories. The evolution of the unstable bifurcations is investigated up to low-supersonic speeds. For increasing Mach numbers, the thresholds move towards higher Reynolds numbers. The unsteady fluctuations are weakened and an axisymmetrization of the base flow occurs. For a sufficiently high Reynolds number, the regular bifurcation disappears and the flow directly passes from an unsteady planar-symmetric solution to a stationary axisymmetric stable one when the Mach number is increased. A stability map is drawn by tracking the bifurcation boundaries for different Reynolds and Mach numbers. When supersonic conditions are reached, the flow becomes globally stable and switches to a noise-amplifier system. A continuous Gaussian white noise forcing is applied in front of the shock to examine the convective nature of the flow. A Fourier analysis and a dynamic mode decomposition show a modal response that recalls that of the incompressible unsteady cases. Although transition in the wake does not occur for the chosen Reynolds number and forcing amplitude, this suggests a link between subsonic and supersonic dynamics.