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http://hdl.handle.net/10985/14857
On the solution of the heat equation in very thin tapes
PRULIERE, Etienne; CHINESTA, Francisco; AMMAR, Amine; LEYGUE, Adrien; POITOU, Arnaud
This paper addresses two issues usually encountered when simulating thermal processes in forming processes involving tape-type geometries, as is the case of tape or tow placement, surface treatments, / The first issue concerns the necessity of solving the transient model a huge number of times because the thermal loads are moving very fast on the surface of the part and the thermal model is usually non-linear. The second issue concerns the degenerate geometry that we consider in which the thickness is usually much lower than the in-plane characteristic length. The solution of such 3D models involving fine meshes in all the directions becomes rapidly intractable despite the huge recent progresses in computer sciences. In this paper we propose to consider a fully space-time separated representation of the unknown field. This choice allows circumventing both issues allowing the solution of extremely fine models very fast, sometimes in real time.
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/148572012-01-01T00:00:00ZPRULIERE, EtienneCHINESTA, FranciscoAMMAR, AmineLEYGUE, AdrienPOITOU, ArnaudThis paper addresses two issues usually encountered when simulating thermal processes in forming processes involving tape-type geometries, as is the case of tape or tow placement, surface treatments, / The first issue concerns the necessity of solving the transient model a huge number of times because the thermal loads are moving very fast on the surface of the part and the thermal model is usually non-linear. The second issue concerns the degenerate geometry that we consider in which the thickness is usually much lower than the in-plane characteristic length. The solution of such 3D models involving fine meshes in all the directions becomes rapidly intractable despite the huge recent progresses in computer sciences. In this paper we propose to consider a fully space-time separated representation of the unknown field. This choice allows circumventing both issues allowing the solution of extremely fine models very fast, sometimes in real time.On the effective conductivity and the apparent viscosity of a thin rough polymer interface using PGD‐based separated representations
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/19486
On the effective conductivity and the apparent viscosity of a thin rough polymer interface using PGD‐based separated representations
AMMAR, Amine; GHNATIOS, Chady; DELPLACE, Frank; BARASINSKI, Anais; DUVAL, Jean-Louis; CUETO, Elias; CHINESTA, Francisco
Composite manufacturing processes usually proceed from preimpregnated preforms that are consolidated by simultaneously applying heat and pressure, so as to ensure a perfect contact compulsory for making molecular diffusion possible. However, in practice, the contact is rarely perfect. This results in a rough interface where air could remain entrapped, thus affecting the effective thermal conductivity. Moreover, the interfacial melted polymer is squeezed flowing in the rough gap created by the fibers located on the prepreg surfaces. Because of the typical dimensions of a composite prepreg, with thickness orders of magnitude smaller than its other in-plane dimensions, and its surface roughness having a characteristic size orders of magnitude smaller than the prepreg thickness, high-fidelity numerical simulations for elucidating the impact of surface and interface roughness remain today, despite the impressive advances in computational availabilities, unattainable. This work aims at elucidating roughness impact on heat conduction and the effective viscosity of the interfacial polymer squeeze flow by using an advanced numerical strategy able to reach resolutions never attained until now, a sort of numerical microscope able to attain the scale of the smallest geometrical detail.
Wed, 01 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/194862020-01-01T00:00:00ZAMMAR, AmineGHNATIOS, ChadyDELPLACE, FrankBARASINSKI, AnaisDUVAL, Jean-LouisCUETO, EliasCHINESTA, FranciscoComposite manufacturing processes usually proceed from preimpregnated preforms that are consolidated by simultaneously applying heat and pressure, so as to ensure a perfect contact compulsory for making molecular diffusion possible. However, in practice, the contact is rarely perfect. This results in a rough interface where air could remain entrapped, thus affecting the effective thermal conductivity. Moreover, the interfacial melted polymer is squeezed flowing in the rough gap created by the fibers located on the prepreg surfaces. Because of the typical dimensions of a composite prepreg, with thickness orders of magnitude smaller than its other in-plane dimensions, and its surface roughness having a characteristic size orders of magnitude smaller than the prepreg thickness, high-fidelity numerical simulations for elucidating the impact of surface and interface roughness remain today, despite the impressive advances in computational availabilities, unattainable. This work aims at elucidating roughness impact on heat conduction and the effective viscosity of the interfacial polymer squeeze flow by using an advanced numerical strategy able to reach resolutions never attained until now, a sort of numerical microscope able to attain the scale of the smallest geometrical detail.A reduced model to simulate the damage in composite laminates under low velocity impact
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/14856
A reduced model to simulate the damage in composite laminates under low velocity impact
METOUI, Sondes; PRULIERE, Etienne; AMMAR, Amine; DAU, Frédéric
This article presents an efficient numerical strategy to simulate the damage in composite laminates under low velocity impact. The proposed method is based on a separated representation of the solution in the context of the Proper Generalized Decomposition (PGD). This representation leads to an important reduction of the number of degrees of freedom. In addition to the PGD, the main ingredients of the model are the following: (a) cohesive zone models (CZM) to represent the delamination and the matrix cracking, (b) a modified nonlinear Hertzian contact law to calculate the impact force, (c) the implicit Newmark integration scheme to compute the evolution of the solution during the impact. The method is applied to simulate an impact on a laminated plate. The results are similar to the solution obtained with a classical finite element simulation. The shape of the delaminated area is found to be coherent with some experimental results from the literature.
Mon, 01 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/148562018-01-01T00:00:00ZMETOUI, SondesPRULIERE, EtienneAMMAR, AmineDAU, FrédéricThis article presents an efficient numerical strategy to simulate the damage in composite laminates under low velocity impact. The proposed method is based on a separated representation of the solution in the context of the Proper Generalized Decomposition (PGD). This representation leads to an important reduction of the number of degrees of freedom. In addition to the PGD, the main ingredients of the model are the following: (a) cohesive zone models (CZM) to represent the delamination and the matrix cracking, (b) a modified nonlinear Hertzian contact law to calculate the impact force, (c) the implicit Newmark integration scheme to compute the evolution of the solution during the impact. The method is applied to simulate an impact on a laminated plate. The results are similar to the solution obtained with a classical finite element simulation. The shape of the delaminated area is found to be coherent with some experimental results from the literature.On the space-time separated representation of integral linear viscoelastic models
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/9958
On the space-time separated representation of integral linear viscoelastic models; Représentation séparée espace-temps pour des comportements viscoélastiques linaires intégraux
AMMAR, Amine; ZGHAL, Ali; MOREL, Franck; CHINESTA, Francisco
The analysis of materials mechanical behavior involves many computational challenges. In this work, we are addressing the transient simulation of the mechanical behavior when the time of interest is much larger than the characteristic time of the mechanical response. This situation is encountered in many applications, as for example in the simulation of materials aging, or in structural analysis when small-amplitude oscillatory loads are applied during a long period, as it occurs for example when characterizing viscoelastic behaviors by calculating the complex modulus or when addressing fatigue simulations. Moreover, in the case of viscoelastic behaviors, the constitutive equation is many times expressed in an integral form avoiding the necessity of using internal variables, fact that results in an integro-differential model. In order to efficiently simulate such a model, we explore in this work the use of a space-time separated representation.; L'analyse du comportement mécanique des matériaux entraîne de nombreuses difficultés du point de vue numérique. Dans ce travail, nous allons nous focaliser sur l'une d'entre elles, celle associée à la simulation transitoire du comportement mécanique quand l'intervalle temporel d'intérêt est substantiellement plus long que le temps caractéristique associé à la réponse mécanique. Cette situation est fréquemment retrouvée dans la caractérisation rhéologique des matériaux viscoélastiques (pour la détermination du module complexe) ainsi que quand on s'attaque à la simulation de la fatigue. De plus, dans le cas des matriaux viscoélastiques, le comportement est généralement décrit par une loi de comportement intégrale qui évite le besoin d'utiliser des variables internes, donnant lieu à un modèle mécanique integro-différentiel. Pour une résolution efficace, nous analysons ici l'utilisation d'une représentation séparée en espace-temps.
Thu, 01 Jan 2015 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/99582015-01-01T00:00:00ZAMMAR, AmineZGHAL, AliMOREL, FranckCHINESTA, FranciscoThe analysis of materials mechanical behavior involves many computational challenges. In this work, we are addressing the transient simulation of the mechanical behavior when the time of interest is much larger than the characteristic time of the mechanical response. This situation is encountered in many applications, as for example in the simulation of materials aging, or in structural analysis when small-amplitude oscillatory loads are applied during a long period, as it occurs for example when characterizing viscoelastic behaviors by calculating the complex modulus or when addressing fatigue simulations. Moreover, in the case of viscoelastic behaviors, the constitutive equation is many times expressed in an integral form avoiding the necessity of using internal variables, fact that results in an integro-differential model. In order to efficiently simulate such a model, we explore in this work the use of a space-time separated representation.
L'analyse du comportement mécanique des matériaux entraîne de nombreuses difficultés du point de vue numérique. Dans ce travail, nous allons nous focaliser sur l'une d'entre elles, celle associée à la simulation transitoire du comportement mécanique quand l'intervalle temporel d'intérêt est substantiellement plus long que le temps caractéristique associé à la réponse mécanique. Cette situation est fréquemment retrouvée dans la caractérisation rhéologique des matériaux viscoélastiques (pour la détermination du module complexe) ainsi que quand on s'attaque à la simulation de la fatigue. De plus, dans le cas des matriaux viscoélastiques, le comportement est généralement décrit par une loi de comportement intégrale qui évite le besoin d'utiliser des variables internes, donnant lieu à un modèle mécanique integro-différentiel. Pour une résolution efficace, nous analysons ici l'utilisation d'une représentation séparée en espace-temps.Separated representation of incremental elastoplastic simulations
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/9514
Separated representation of incremental elastoplastic simulations
NASRI, Mohamed Aziz; AGUADO, Jose Vicente; AMMAR, Amine; CUETO, Elias; CHINESTA, Francisco; MOREL, Franck; ROBERT, Camille; EL AREM, Saber
Forming processes usually involve irreversible plastic transformations. The calculation in that case becomes cumbersome when large parts and processes are considered. Recently Model Order Reduction techniques opened new perspectives for an accurate and fast simulation of mechanical systems, however nonlinear history-dependent behaviors remain still today challenging scenarios for the application of these techniques. In this work we are proposing a quite simple non intrusive strategy able to address such behaviors by coupling a separated representation with a POD-based reduced basis within an incremental elastoplastic formulation.
Thu, 01 Jan 2015 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/95142015-01-01T00:00:00ZNASRI, Mohamed AzizAGUADO, Jose VicenteAMMAR, AmineCUETO, EliasCHINESTA, FranciscoMOREL, FranckROBERT, CamilleEL AREM, SaberForming processes usually involve irreversible plastic transformations. The calculation in that case becomes cumbersome when large parts and processes are considered. Recently Model Order Reduction techniques opened new perspectives for an accurate and fast simulation of mechanical systems, however nonlinear history-dependent behaviors remain still today challenging scenarios for the application of these techniques. In this work we are proposing a quite simple non intrusive strategy able to address such behaviors by coupling a separated representation with a POD-based reduced basis within an incremental elastoplastic formulation.Proper generalized decomposition of time-multiscale models
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8499
Proper generalized decomposition of time-multiscale models
AMMAR, Amine; CHINESTA, Francisco; CUETO, Elias; DOBLARÉ, Manuel
Models encountered in computational mechanics could involve many time scales. When these time scales cannot be separated, one must solve the evolution model in the entire time interval by using the finest time step that the model implies. In some cases, the solution procedure becomes cumbersome because of the extremely large number of time steps needed for integrating the evolution model in the whole time interval. In this paper, we considered an alternative approach that lies in separating the time axis (one-dimensional in nature) in a multidimensional time space. Then, for circumventing the resulting curse of dimensionality, the proper generalized decomposition was applied allowing a fast solution with significant computing time savings with respect to a standard incremental integration.
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/84992012-01-01T00:00:00ZAMMAR, AmineCHINESTA, FranciscoCUETO, EliasDOBLARÉ, ManuelModels encountered in computational mechanics could involve many time scales. When these time scales cannot be separated, one must solve the evolution model in the entire time interval by using the finest time step that the model implies. In some cases, the solution procedure becomes cumbersome because of the extremely large number of time steps needed for integrating the evolution model in the whole time interval. In this paper, we considered an alternative approach that lies in separating the time axis (one-dimensional in nature) in a multidimensional time space. Then, for circumventing the resulting curse of dimensionality, the proper generalized decomposition was applied allowing a fast solution with significant computing time savings with respect to a standard incremental integration.PGD-Based Computational Vademecum for Efficient Design, Optimization and Control
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/10241
PGD-Based Computational Vademecum for Efficient Design, Optimization and Control
CHINESTA, Francisco; LEYGUE, Adrien; BORDEU, Felipe; AGUADO, Jose Vicente; CUETO, Elias; GONZALEZ, David; ALFARO, Iciar; AMMAR, Amine; HUERTA, Antonio
In this paper we are addressing a new paradigm in the field of simulation-based engineering sciences (SBES) to face the challenges posed by current ICT technologies. Despite the impressive progress attained by simulation capabilities and techniques, some challenging problems remain today intractable. These problems, that are common to many branches of science and engineering, are of different nature. Among them, we can cite those related to high-dimensional problems, which do not admit mesh-based approaches due to the exponential increase of degrees of freedom. We developed in recent years a novel technique, called Proper Generalized Decomposition (PGD). It is based on the assumption of a separated form of the unknown field and it has demonstrated its capabilities in dealing with high-dimensional problems overcoming the strong limitations of classical approaches. But the main opportunity given by this technique is that it allows for a completely new approach for classic problems, not necessarily high dimensional. Many challenging problems can be efficiently cast into a multidimensional framework and this opens new possibilities to solve old and new problems with strategies not envisioned until now. For instance, parameters in a model can be set as additional extra-coordinates of the model. In a PGD framework, the resulting model is solved once for life, in order to obtain a general solution that includes all the solutions for every possible value of the parameters, that is, a sort of computational vademecum. Under this rationale, optimization of complex problems, uncertainty quantification, simulation-based control and real-time simulation are now at hand, even in highly complex scenarios, by combining an off-line stage in which the general PGD solution, the vademecum, is computed, and an on-line phase in which, even on deployed, handheld, platforms such as smartphones or tablets, real-time response is obtained as a result of our queries.
Tue, 01 Jan 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/102412013-01-01T00:00:00ZCHINESTA, FranciscoLEYGUE, AdrienBORDEU, FelipeAGUADO, Jose VicenteCUETO, EliasGONZALEZ, DavidALFARO, IciarAMMAR, AmineHUERTA, AntonioIn this paper we are addressing a new paradigm in the field of simulation-based engineering sciences (SBES) to face the challenges posed by current ICT technologies. Despite the impressive progress attained by simulation capabilities and techniques, some challenging problems remain today intractable. These problems, that are common to many branches of science and engineering, are of different nature. Among them, we can cite those related to high-dimensional problems, which do not admit mesh-based approaches due to the exponential increase of degrees of freedom. We developed in recent years a novel technique, called Proper Generalized Decomposition (PGD). It is based on the assumption of a separated form of the unknown field and it has demonstrated its capabilities in dealing with high-dimensional problems overcoming the strong limitations of classical approaches. But the main opportunity given by this technique is that it allows for a completely new approach for classic problems, not necessarily high dimensional. Many challenging problems can be efficiently cast into a multidimensional framework and this opens new possibilities to solve old and new problems with strategies not envisioned until now. For instance, parameters in a model can be set as additional extra-coordinates of the model. In a PGD framework, the resulting model is solved once for life, in order to obtain a general solution that includes all the solutions for every possible value of the parameters, that is, a sort of computational vademecum. Under this rationale, optimization of complex problems, uncertainty quantification, simulation-based control and real-time simulation are now at hand, even in highly complex scenarios, by combining an off-line stage in which the general PGD solution, the vademecum, is computed, and an on-line phase in which, even on deployed, handheld, platforms such as smartphones or tablets, real-time response is obtained as a result of our queries.One and two-fiber orientation kinetic theories of fiber suspensions
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8488
One and two-fiber orientation kinetic theories of fiber suspensions
GRMELA, Miroslav; AMMAR, Amine; CHINESTA, Francisco
The morphology influencing rheological properties of suspensions of rigid spheres constitutes the flow induced collective ordering of the spheres characterized by two or more sphere distribution functions. When the rigid spheres are replaced by rigid fibers, the collective order in the position of the spheres is replaced by the flow induced orientation of the fibers that suffices to be characterized by one-fiber orientation distribution function. A flow induced collective ordering of fibers (both in position and orientation), that can only be characterized by two or more fiber distribution functions, can still however constitute an important part of the morphology. We show that two types of interaction among fibers, one being the Onsager-type topological interaction entering the free energy and the other the hydrodynamics interaction entering the dissipative part of the time evolution, give indeed rise to a collective order in the orientation influencing the rheology of fiber suspensions.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnnfm.2012.10.009
Tue, 01 Jan 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/84882013-01-01T00:00:00ZGRMELA, MiroslavAMMAR, AmineCHINESTA, FranciscoThe morphology influencing rheological properties of suspensions of rigid spheres constitutes the flow induced collective ordering of the spheres characterized by two or more sphere distribution functions. When the rigid spheres are replaced by rigid fibers, the collective order in the position of the spheres is replaced by the flow induced orientation of the fibers that suffices to be characterized by one-fiber orientation distribution function. A flow induced collective ordering of fibers (both in position and orientation), that can only be characterized by two or more fiber distribution functions, can still however constitute an important part of the morphology. We show that two types of interaction among fibers, one being the Onsager-type topological interaction entering the free energy and the other the hydrodynamics interaction entering the dissipative part of the time evolution, give indeed rise to a collective order in the orientation influencing the rheology of fiber suspensions.A multiscale separated representation to compute the mechanical behavior of composites with periodic microstructure
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/14855
A multiscale separated representation to compute the mechanical behavior of composites with periodic microstructure
METOUI, Sondes; PRULIERE, Etienne; AMMAR, Amine; DAU, Frédéric; IORDANOFF, Ivan
The requirements for advanced numerical computations are very high when studying the multiscale behavior of heterogeneous structures such as composites. For the description of local phenomena taking place on the microscopic scale, the computation must involve a fine discretization of the structure. This condition leads to problems with a high number of degrees of freedom that lead to prohibitive computational costs when using classical numerical methods such as the finite element method (FEM). To overcome these problems, this paper presents a new domain decomposition method based on the proper generalized decomposition (PGD) to predict the behavior of periodic composite structures. Several numerical tests are presented. The PGD results are compared with those obtained using the classical finite element method. A very good agreement is observed.
Mon, 01 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/148552018-01-01T00:00:00ZMETOUI, SondesPRULIERE, EtienneAMMAR, AmineDAU, FrédéricIORDANOFF, IvanThe requirements for advanced numerical computations are very high when studying the multiscale behavior of heterogeneous structures such as composites. For the description of local phenomena taking place on the microscopic scale, the computation must involve a fine discretization of the structure. This condition leads to problems with a high number of degrees of freedom that lead to prohibitive computational costs when using classical numerical methods such as the finite element method (FEM). To overcome these problems, this paper presents a new domain decomposition method based on the proper generalized decomposition (PGD) to predict the behavior of periodic composite structures. Several numerical tests are presented. The PGD results are compared with those obtained using the classical finite element method. A very good agreement is observed.An overview of the proper generalized decomposition with applications in computational rheology
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8473
An overview of the proper generalized decomposition with applications in computational rheology
CHINESTA, Francisco; AMMAR, Amine; LEYGUE, Adrien; KEUNINGS, Roland
We review the foundations and applications of the proper generalized decomposition (PGD), a powerful model reduction technique that computes a priori by means of successive enrichment a separated representation of the unknown field. The computational complexity of the PGD scales linearly with the dimension of the space wherein the model is defined, which is in marked contrast with the exponential scaling of standard grid-based methods. First introduced in the context of computational rheology by Ammar et al. [3] and [4], the PGD has since been further developed and applied in a variety of applications ranging from the solution of the Schrödinger equation of quantum mechanics to the analysis of laminate composites. In this paper, we illustrate the use of the PGD in four problem categories related to computational rheology: (i) the direct solution of the Fokker-Planck equation for complex fluids in configuration spaces of high dimension, (ii) the development of very efficient non-incremental algorithms for transient problems, (iii) the fully three-dimensional solution of problems defined in degenerate plate or shell-like domains often encountered in polymer processing or composites manufacturing, and finally (iv) the solution of multidimensional parametric models obtained by introducing various sources of problem variability as additional coordinates.
Sat, 01 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/84732011-01-01T00:00:00ZCHINESTA, FranciscoAMMAR, AmineLEYGUE, AdrienKEUNINGS, RolandWe review the foundations and applications of the proper generalized decomposition (PGD), a powerful model reduction technique that computes a priori by means of successive enrichment a separated representation of the unknown field. The computational complexity of the PGD scales linearly with the dimension of the space wherein the model is defined, which is in marked contrast with the exponential scaling of standard grid-based methods. First introduced in the context of computational rheology by Ammar et al. [3] and [4], the PGD has since been further developed and applied in a variety of applications ranging from the solution of the Schrödinger equation of quantum mechanics to the analysis of laminate composites. In this paper, we illustrate the use of the PGD in four problem categories related to computational rheology: (i) the direct solution of the Fokker-Planck equation for complex fluids in configuration spaces of high dimension, (ii) the development of very efficient non-incremental algorithms for transient problems, (iii) the fully three-dimensional solution of problems defined in degenerate plate or shell-like domains often encountered in polymer processing or composites manufacturing, and finally (iv) the solution of multidimensional parametric models obtained by introducing various sources of problem variability as additional coordinates.