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http://hdl.handle.net/10985/13423
Design Considerations of Five-Phase Machine with Double p/3p Polarity
GONG, Jinlin; ZAHR, Hussein; SEMAIL, Eric; TRABELSI, Mohamed; ASLAN, Bassel; SCUILLER, Franck
In the context of traction drives with required torque transient capabilities and a classically wide flux weakening speed range, this paper gives design considerations of a particular Double-Polarity (DP) five-phase machine. Beyond its intrinsic fault tolerance due its five phases, its specificity is the ability to develop torques of comparable values under three kinds of supply: with only first, third or both first and third sinusoidal currents. This property, due to first (E1) and third (E3) harmonic electromotive forces (emf) of comparable values, gives more degrees of freedom for the control of the machine. Unlike three-phase sinusoidal machine, flux weakening is no more the unique solution when maximum voltage is reached. Thanks to the extra degrees of freedom in this kind of machines, more possibilities for the control of the torque and current supply can be applied. At first, elements for the choice of slots/poles combination of such DP machines are given. Then, in case of an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine (IPMSM), possible adaptations of the rotor are proposed in order to bring the double p/3p polarity property. The last design criterion considered is the level of eddy-current losses, important at high frequencies. For proof of the concept effectiveness, a prototype with a five-phase fractional-slot concentrated winding of 40 slots and 16/48 poles is presented with results from experimental set-up and Finite Element modeling. A comparison with equivalent no-fault-tolerant three-phase 24 slots /16 poles machines is also carried out.
Mon, 01 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/134232018-01-01T00:00:00ZGONG, JinlinZAHR, HusseinSEMAIL, EricTRABELSI, MohamedASLAN, BasselSCUILLER, FranckIn the context of traction drives with required torque transient capabilities and a classically wide flux weakening speed range, this paper gives design considerations of a particular Double-Polarity (DP) five-phase machine. Beyond its intrinsic fault tolerance due its five phases, its specificity is the ability to develop torques of comparable values under three kinds of supply: with only first, third or both first and third sinusoidal currents. This property, due to first (E1) and third (E3) harmonic electromotive forces (emf) of comparable values, gives more degrees of freedom for the control of the machine. Unlike three-phase sinusoidal machine, flux weakening is no more the unique solution when maximum voltage is reached. Thanks to the extra degrees of freedom in this kind of machines, more possibilities for the control of the torque and current supply can be applied. At first, elements for the choice of slots/poles combination of such DP machines are given. Then, in case of an Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine (IPMSM), possible adaptations of the rotor are proposed in order to bring the double p/3p polarity property. The last design criterion considered is the level of eddy-current losses, important at high frequencies. For proof of the concept effectiveness, a prototype with a five-phase fractional-slot concentrated winding of 40 slots and 16/48 poles is presented with results from experimental set-up and Finite Element modeling. A comparison with equivalent no-fault-tolerant three-phase 24 slots /16 poles machines is also carried out.Procédé de fabrication d’une machine électrique tournante synchrone polyphasée, et machine correspondante
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/7057
Procédé de fabrication d’une machine électrique tournante synchrone polyphasée, et machine correspondante
ASLAN, Bassel; SEMAIL, Eric; LEGRANGER, Jerome
La présente invention concerne une machine électrique tournante synchrone polyphasée dont le rotor comprend des aimants permanents. Plus particulièrement l'invention concerne une machine électrique tournante pour des applications propres aux véhicules automobiles comme des alterno-démarreurs.
Tue, 01 Jan 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/70572013-01-01T00:00:00ZASLAN, BasselSEMAIL, EricLEGRANGER, JeromeLa présente invention concerne une machine électrique tournante synchrone polyphasée dont le rotor comprend des aimants permanents. Plus particulièrement l'invention concerne une machine électrique tournante pour des applications propres aux véhicules automobiles comme des alterno-démarreurs.Maximum Torque Per Ampere Strategy for a Biharmonic Five-phase Synchronous Machine
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/11323
Maximum Torque Per Ampere Strategy for a Biharmonic Five-phase Synchronous Machine
ZAHR, Hussein; SEMAIL, Eric; ASLAN, Bassel; SCUILLER, Franck
The paper studies the impact of first and third current-harmonic repartition in a five-phase Permanent Magnet machine whose Electromotive Forces (emfs) have first and third harmonics of the same amplitude. With a five-phase machine, it is possible for the torque production to achieve independent controls of the first and third harmonics of currents by using a vector control in each one of the two characteristic orthogonal sub-spaces of the machine. The same torque quality as obtained with a three-phase machine with sinusoidal emf can be thus obtained with a non-sinusoidal emf and with one more supplementary degree of freedom for the control. Based on the Maximum Torque Per Ampere (MTPA) strategy used for three-phase machines, a comparison of the obtained torque/speed characteristics of the machine is achieved using either one or two harmonics. The voltage limits imposed by the Voltage Source Inverter and two different values of the maximum allowed current densities are taken into account for obtaining the optimum repartition between first and third harmonics of currents: it appears that at first, from the point of view of efficiency, the MTPA is not optimal except for low speeds and secondly that the repartition of currents is not trivial and depends for example on the considered maximum current densities.
Fri, 01 Jan 2016 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/113232016-01-01T00:00:00ZZAHR, HusseinSEMAIL, EricASLAN, BasselSCUILLER, FranckThe paper studies the impact of first and third current-harmonic repartition in a five-phase Permanent Magnet machine whose Electromotive Forces (emfs) have first and third harmonics of the same amplitude. With a five-phase machine, it is possible for the torque production to achieve independent controls of the first and third harmonics of currents by using a vector control in each one of the two characteristic orthogonal sub-spaces of the machine. The same torque quality as obtained with a three-phase machine with sinusoidal emf can be thus obtained with a non-sinusoidal emf and with one more supplementary degree of freedom for the control. Based on the Maximum Torque Per Ampere (MTPA) strategy used for three-phase machines, a comparison of the obtained torque/speed characteristics of the machine is achieved using either one or two harmonics. The voltage limits imposed by the Voltage Source Inverter and two different values of the maximum allowed current densities are taken into account for obtaining the optimum repartition between first and third harmonics of currents: it appears that at first, from the point of view of efficiency, the MTPA is not optimal except for low speeds and secondly that the repartition of currents is not trivial and depends for example on the considered maximum current densities.Analytical Model of Magnet Eddy-Current Volume Losses in Multi-phase PM Machines with Concentrated Winding
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6954
Analytical Model of Magnet Eddy-Current Volume Losses in Multi-phase PM Machines with Concentrated Winding
ASLAN, Bassel; SEMAIL, Eric; LEGRANGER, Jerome
this paper studies magnet eddy-current losses in permanent magnet (PM) machines with concentrated winding. First of all, space harmonics of magnetomotive force (MMF) and their influence on magnet losses in electrical machines are investigated. Secondly, analytical model of magnet volume losses is developed by studying the interaction between MMF harmonics wavelengths and magnet pole dimensions. Different cases of this interaction are studied according to the ratio between each harmonic wavelength and magnet pole width (following flux density variation). Then various losses sub-models are deduced. Finally, using this analytical model, magnet volume losses for many slots/poles combinations of 3, 5, and 7 phase machines with concentrated winding are compared. This comparison leads to classify combinations into different families depending on their magnet losses level. Besides, in order to validate the theoretical study, Finite Element models are built and simulation results are compared with analytical calculations.
Thanks to IEEE. The original PDF of the article can be found at: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/login.jsp?tp=&arnumber=6342330&url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fxpls%2Fabs_all.jsp%3Farnumber%3D6342330 MHYGALE, project managed by VALEO-EEM
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/69542012-01-01T00:00:00ZASLAN, BasselSEMAIL, EricLEGRANGER, Jeromethis paper studies magnet eddy-current losses in permanent magnet (PM) machines with concentrated winding. First of all, space harmonics of magnetomotive force (MMF) and their influence on magnet losses in electrical machines are investigated. Secondly, analytical model of magnet volume losses is developed by studying the interaction between MMF harmonics wavelengths and magnet pole dimensions. Different cases of this interaction are studied according to the ratio between each harmonic wavelength and magnet pole width (following flux density variation). Then various losses sub-models are deduced. Finally, using this analytical model, magnet volume losses for many slots/poles combinations of 3, 5, and 7 phase machines with concentrated winding are compared. This comparison leads to classify combinations into different families depending on their magnet losses level. Besides, in order to validate the theoretical study, Finite Element models are built and simulation results are compared with analytical calculations.Flux Weakening Strategy Optimization for Five-Phase PM Machine with Concentrated Windings
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/7315
Flux Weakening Strategy Optimization for Five-Phase PM Machine with Concentrated Windings
JILIN, Gong; ASLAN, Bassel; SEMAIL, Eric; GILLON, Frédéric
The paper applies an Efficient Global Optimization method (EGO) to improve the efficiency, in flux weakening region, of a given 5-phase Permanent Magnet (PM) machine. An optimal control for the four independent currents is thus defined. Moreover, a modification proposal of the machine geometry is added to the optimization process of the global drive. The effectiveness of the method allows solving the challenge which consists in taking into account inside the control strategy the eddy-current losses in magnets and iron. In fact, magnet losses are a critical point to protect the machine from demagnetization in flux-weakening region. But these losses, which highly depend on magnetic state of the machine, must be calculated by Finite Element Method (FEM) to be accurate. The FEM has the drawback to be time consuming. It is why a direct optimization using FEM is critical. EGO method, using sparingly FEM, allows to find a feasible solution to this hard optimization problem of control and design of multi-phase drive.
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/73152012-01-01T00:00:00ZJILIN, GongASLAN, BasselSEMAIL, EricGILLON, FrédéricThe paper applies an Efficient Global Optimization method (EGO) to improve the efficiency, in flux weakening region, of a given 5-phase Permanent Magnet (PM) machine. An optimal control for the four independent currents is thus defined. Moreover, a modification proposal of the machine geometry is added to the optimization process of the global drive. The effectiveness of the method allows solving the challenge which consists in taking into account inside the control strategy the eddy-current losses in magnets and iron. In fact, magnet losses are a critical point to protect the machine from demagnetization in flux-weakening region. But these losses, which highly depend on magnetic state of the machine, must be calculated by Finite Element Method (FEM) to be accurate. The FEM has the drawback to be time consuming. It is why a direct optimization using FEM is critical. EGO method, using sparingly FEM, allows to find a feasible solution to this hard optimization problem of control and design of multi-phase drive.Signal-based Technique for Fault Detection and Isolation of Inverter Faults in Multi-phase Drives
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6817
Signal-based Technique for Fault Detection and Isolation of Inverter Faults in Multi-phase Drives
MEINGUET, Fabien; SANDULESCU, Paul; ASLAN, Bassel; LU, Li; NGUYEN, Ngac Ky; KESTELYN, Xavier; SEMAIL, Eric
A method for fault detection and isolation is proposed and applied to inverter faults in multi-phase drives. An analysis of simulations in faulty conditions leads to the derivation of suitable fault indices. These are based on the unbalance of the phase currents and their instantaneous frequency. The method is applied to a five-phase permanent-magnet synchronous machine drive. Simulations and experiments validate the proposed method.
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/68172012-01-01T00:00:00ZMEINGUET, FabienSANDULESCU, PaulASLAN, BasselLU, LiNGUYEN, Ngac KyKESTELYN, XavierSEMAIL, EricA method for fault detection and isolation is proposed and applied to inverter faults in multi-phase drives. An analysis of simulations in faulty conditions leads to the derivation of suitable fault indices. These are based on the unbalance of the phase currents and their instantaneous frequency. The method is applied to a five-phase permanent-magnet synchronous machine drive. Simulations and experiments validate the proposed method.New 5-Phase Concentrated Winding Machine with Bi-Harmonic Rotor for Automotive Application
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/9154
New 5-Phase Concentrated Winding Machine with Bi-Harmonic Rotor for Automotive Application
ASLAN, Bassel; SEMAIL, Eric
For a power range from 10 to 30 kW, 5-phase machines are well adapted to low-voltage (48V) supply thanks to their reduced current per phase. For three-phase machines but with higher voltages (>120V), machines with a number of slots per pole and per phase spp equal to 0.5 (as the 12slots/8poles combination) are widely used in hybrid automotive applications when a wide speed range is required. The reason is that the value of spp=0.5 guarantees no sub-harmonics and thus induces low level of permanent magnet rotor losses. In this paper a 20slots/8poles/5phases machine is chosen. With a winding factor of only 0.588 for the first harmonic, this machine is only interesting if its high third harmonic winding factor (0.951) is used. Thus, a new bi-harmonic rotor structure is presented. Thanks to adequate control with flux-weakening and ratio r between first and third harmonic currents, the maximum torque versus speed characteristic is determined.
Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/91542014-01-01T00:00:00ZASLAN, BasselSEMAIL, EricFor a power range from 10 to 30 kW, 5-phase machines are well adapted to low-voltage (48V) supply thanks to their reduced current per phase. For three-phase machines but with higher voltages (>120V), machines with a number of slots per pole and per phase spp equal to 0.5 (as the 12slots/8poles combination) are widely used in hybrid automotive applications when a wide speed range is required. The reason is that the value of spp=0.5 guarantees no sub-harmonics and thus induces low level of permanent magnet rotor losses. In this paper a 20slots/8poles/5phases machine is chosen. With a winding factor of only 0.588 for the first harmonic, this machine is only interesting if its high third harmonic winding factor (0.951) is used. Thus, a new bi-harmonic rotor structure is presented. Thanks to adequate control with flux-weakening and ratio r between first and third harmonic currents, the maximum torque versus speed characteristic is determined.Slot/pole Combinations Choice for Concentrated Multiphase Machines dedicated to Mild-Hybrid Applications
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6955
Slot/pole Combinations Choice for Concentrated Multiphase Machines dedicated to Mild-Hybrid Applications
ASLAN, Bassel; SEMAIL, Eric; KORECKI, Julien; LEGRANGER, Jerome
This paper presents multiphase permanent magnet machines with concentrated non-overlapped winding as a good candidate for automotive low voltage mild-hybrid applications. These machines often require a trade-off between low speed performances such as high torque density and high speed performances like flux weakening capabilities. This paper describes how to choose a key design parameter to ease this compromise, the slots/poles combination, according to three parameters: winding factor including harmonics factor, rotor losses amount thanks to a comparison factor and radial forces balancing. The comparison criterion are based on both analytical formula and Finite Element Analysis.
Version de l'éditeur à l'adresse suivante : http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=6119910&isnumber=6119266
Sat, 01 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/69552011-01-01T00:00:00ZASLAN, BasselSEMAIL, EricKORECKI, JulienLEGRANGER, JeromeThis paper presents multiphase permanent magnet machines with concentrated non-overlapped winding as a good candidate for automotive low voltage mild-hybrid applications. These machines often require a trade-off between low speed performances such as high torque density and high speed performances like flux weakening capabilities. This paper describes how to choose a key design parameter to ease this compromise, the slots/poles combination, according to three parameters: winding factor including harmonics factor, rotor losses amount thanks to a comparison factor and radial forces balancing. The comparison criterion are based on both analytical formula and Finite Element Analysis.Influence of Rotor Structure and Number of Phases on First and Second Order Characteristics of TOYOTA PRIUS Electrical Machine Type
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6753
Influence of Rotor Structure and Number of Phases on First and Second Order Characteristics of TOYOTA PRIUS Electrical Machine Type
ASLAN, Bassel; KORECKI, Julien; VIGIER, Thimoté; SEMAIL, Eric
This paper investigates the influence of the rotor structure on torque and Flux weakening region of V-shape IPM machine from TOYOTA PRIUS type, more specifically, keeping always the same magnet volume, we study the effect of the open angle between the two magnet segments of each V-shape pole on the machine performance. Moreover, in order to examine the impact of phase number on the machine characteristics, PRIUS structure is transformed into 5-phase machine of the same type and dimensions. As well, an optimization procedure is carried out to determine the optimal open angle according to main characteristics. The previous investigation is done by using a free Finite Elements Methods (FEM) program coupled with another optimization program. Using this obtained methodology the study analyzes for 3-phase and 5-phase machine the average and pulsation of torque, cogging torque, phase back-EMF, constant power operating capability.
Version enrichie dans Journal of Energy and Power Engineering-2012.09 pp1461 a 1471
Sat, 01 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/67532011-01-01T00:00:00ZASLAN, BasselKORECKI, JulienVIGIER, ThimotéSEMAIL, EricThis paper investigates the influence of the rotor structure on torque and Flux weakening region of V-shape IPM machine from TOYOTA PRIUS type, more specifically, keeping always the same magnet volume, we study the effect of the open angle between the two magnet segments of each V-shape pole on the machine performance. Moreover, in order to examine the impact of phase number on the machine characteristics, PRIUS structure is transformed into 5-phase machine of the same type and dimensions. As well, an optimization procedure is carried out to determine the optimal open angle according to main characteristics. The previous investigation is done by using a free Finite Elements Methods (FEM) program coupled with another optimization program. Using this obtained methodology the study analyzes for 3-phase and 5-phase machine the average and pulsation of torque, cogging torque, phase back-EMF, constant power operating capability.General Analytical Model of Magnet Average Eddy-Current Volume Losses for Comparison of Multi-phase PM Machines with Concentrated Winding
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8268
General Analytical Model of Magnet Average Eddy-Current Volume Losses for Comparison of Multi-phase PM Machines with Concentrated Winding
ASLAN, Bassel; SEMAIL, Eric; LEGRANGER, Jerome
this paper studies magnet eddy-current losses in permanent magnet (PM) machines with concentrated winding. First of all, space harmonics of magnetomotive force (MMF) and their influence on magnet losses in electrical machines are investigated. Secondly, analytical model of magnet volume losses is developed by studying the interaction between MMF harmonics wavelengths and magnet pole dimensions. Different cases of this interaction are exhibited according to the ratio between each harmonic wavelength and magnet pole width. Then various losses sub-models are deduced. Using this analytical model, magnet volume losses for many Slots/Poles combinations of 3, 5, and 7 phase machines with concentrated winding are compared. This comparison leads to classify combinations into different families depending on their magnet losses level. Finally, in order to verify the theoretical study, Finite Element models are built and simulation results are compared with analytical calculations
Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/82682014-01-01T00:00:00ZASLAN, BasselSEMAIL, EricLEGRANGER, Jeromethis paper studies magnet eddy-current losses in permanent magnet (PM) machines with concentrated winding. First of all, space harmonics of magnetomotive force (MMF) and their influence on magnet losses in electrical machines are investigated. Secondly, analytical model of magnet volume losses is developed by studying the interaction between MMF harmonics wavelengths and magnet pole dimensions. Different cases of this interaction are exhibited according to the ratio between each harmonic wavelength and magnet pole width. Then various losses sub-models are deduced. Using this analytical model, magnet volume losses for many Slots/Poles combinations of 3, 5, and 7 phase machines with concentrated winding are compared. This comparison leads to classify combinations into different families depending on their magnet losses level. Finally, in order to verify the theoretical study, Finite Element models are built and simulation results are compared with analytical calculations