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The DSpace digital repository system captures, stores, indexes, preserves, and distributes digital research material.Wed, 29 Mar 2023 03:41:02 GMT2023-03-29T03:41:02ZOn the role of nonlinear correlations in reduced-order modelling
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/23072
On the role of nonlinear correlations in reduced-order modelling
CALLAHAM, Jared L.; BRUNTON, Steven L.; LOISEAU, Jean-Christophe
This work investigates nonlinear dimensionality reduction as a means of improving the accuracy and stability of reduced-order models of advection-dominated flows. Nonlinear correlations between temporal proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) coefficients can be exploited to identify latent low-dimensional structure, approximating the attractor with a minimal set of driving modes and a manifold equation for the remaining modes. By viewing these nonlinear correlations as an invariant manifold reduction, this least-order representation can be used to stabilize POD–Galerkin models or as a state space for data-driven model identification. In the latter case, we use sparse polynomial regression to learn a compact, interpretable dynamical system model from the time series of the active modal coefficients. We demonstrate this perspective on a quasiperiodic shear-driven cavity flow and show that the dynamics evolves on a torus generated by two independent Stuart–Landau oscillators. The specific approach to nonlinear correlations analysis used in this work is applicable to periodic and quasiperiodic flows, and cannot be applied to chaotic or turbulent flows. However, the results illustrate the limitations of linear modal representations of advection-dominated flows and motivate the use of nonlinear dimensionality reduction more broadly for exploiting underlying structure in reduced-order models.
Tue, 01 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/230722022-03-01T00:00:00ZCALLAHAM, Jared L.BRUNTON, Steven L.LOISEAU, Jean-ChristopheThis work investigates nonlinear dimensionality reduction as a means of improving the accuracy and stability of reduced-order models of advection-dominated flows. Nonlinear correlations between temporal proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) coefficients can be exploited to identify latent low-dimensional structure, approximating the attractor with a minimal set of driving modes and a manifold equation for the remaining modes. By viewing these nonlinear correlations as an invariant manifold reduction, this least-order representation can be used to stabilize POD–Galerkin models or as a state space for data-driven model identification. In the latter case, we use sparse polynomial regression to learn a compact, interpretable dynamical system model from the time series of the active modal coefficients. We demonstrate this perspective on a quasiperiodic shear-driven cavity flow and show that the dynamics evolves on a torus generated by two independent Stuart–Landau oscillators. The specific approach to nonlinear correlations analysis used in this work is applicable to periodic and quasiperiodic flows, and cannot be applied to chaotic or turbulent flows. However, the results illustrate the limitations of linear modal representations of advection-dominated flows and motivate the use of nonlinear dimensionality reduction more broadly for exploiting underlying structure in reduced-order models.Constrained sparse Galerkin regression
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/17796
Constrained sparse Galerkin regression
LOISEAU, Jean-Christophe; BRUNTON, Steven L.
The sparse identification of nonlinear dynamics (SINDy) is a recently proposed data-driven modelling framework that uses sparse regression techniques to identify nonlinear low-order models. With the goal of low-order models of a fluid flow, we combine this approach with dimensionality reduction techniques (e.g. proper orthogonal decomposition) and extend it to enforce physical constraints in the regression, e.g. energy-preserving quadratic nonlinearities. The resulting models, hereafter referred to as Galerkin regression models, incorporate many beneficial aspects of Galerkin projection, but without the need for a high-fidelity solver to project the Navier–Stokes equations. Instead, the most parsimonious nonlinear model is determined that is consistent with observed measurement data and satisfies necessary constraints. Galerkin regression models also readily generalize to include higher-order nonlinear terms that model the effect of truncated modes. The effectiveness of such an approach is demonstrated on two canonical flow configurations: the two-dimensional flow past a circular cylinder and the shear-driven cavity flow. For both cases, the accuracy of the identified models compare favourably against reduced-order models obtained from a standard Galerkin projection procedure. Finally, the entire code base for our constrained sparse Galerkin regression algorithm is freely available online.
Mon, 01 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/177962018-01-01T00:00:00ZLOISEAU, Jean-ChristopheBRUNTON, Steven L.The sparse identification of nonlinear dynamics (SINDy) is a recently proposed data-driven modelling framework that uses sparse regression techniques to identify nonlinear low-order models. With the goal of low-order models of a fluid flow, we combine this approach with dimensionality reduction techniques (e.g. proper orthogonal decomposition) and extend it to enforce physical constraints in the regression, e.g. energy-preserving quadratic nonlinearities. The resulting models, hereafter referred to as Galerkin regression models, incorporate many beneficial aspects of Galerkin projection, but without the need for a high-fidelity solver to project the Navier–Stokes equations. Instead, the most parsimonious nonlinear model is determined that is consistent with observed measurement data and satisfies necessary constraints. Galerkin regression models also readily generalize to include higher-order nonlinear terms that model the effect of truncated modes. The effectiveness of such an approach is demonstrated on two canonical flow configurations: the two-dimensional flow past a circular cylinder and the shear-driven cavity flow. For both cases, the accuracy of the identified models compare favourably against reduced-order models obtained from a standard Galerkin projection procedure. Finally, the entire code base for our constrained sparse Galerkin regression algorithm is freely available online.Sparse reduced-order modelling: sensor-based dynamics to full-state estimation
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/17841
Sparse reduced-order modelling: sensor-based dynamics to full-state estimation
LOISEAU, Jean-Christophe; NOACK, Bernd R.; BRUNTON, Steven L.
We propose a general dynamic reduced-order modelling framework for typical experimental data: time-resolved sensor data and optional non-time-resolved particle image velocimetry (PIV) snapshots. This framework can be decomposed into four building blocks. First, the sensor signals are lifted to a dynamic feature space without false neighbours. Second, we identify a sparse human-interpretable nonlinear dynamical system for the feature state based on the sparse identification of nonlinear dynamics (SINDy). Third, if PIV snapshots are available, a local linear mapping from the feature state to the velocity field is performed to reconstruct the full state of the system. Fourth, a generalized feature-based modal decomposition identifies coherent structures that are most dynamically correlated with the linear and nonlinear interaction terms in the sparse model, adding interpretability. Steps 1 and 2 define a black-box model. Optional steps 3 and 4 lift the black-box dynamics to a grey-box model in terms of the identified coherent structures, if non-time-resolved full-state data are available. This grey-box modelling strategy is successfully applied to the transient and post-transient laminar cylinder wake, and compares favourably with a proper orthogonal decomposition model. We foresee numerous applications of this highly flexible modelling strategy, including estimation, prediction and control. Moreover, the feature space may be based on intrinsic coordinates, which are unaffected by a key challenge of modal expansion: the slow change of low-dimensional coherent structures with changing geometry and varying parameters.
Mon, 01 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/178412018-01-01T00:00:00ZLOISEAU, Jean-ChristopheNOACK, Bernd R.BRUNTON, Steven L.We propose a general dynamic reduced-order modelling framework for typical experimental data: time-resolved sensor data and optional non-time-resolved particle image velocimetry (PIV) snapshots. This framework can be decomposed into four building blocks. First, the sensor signals are lifted to a dynamic feature space without false neighbours. Second, we identify a sparse human-interpretable nonlinear dynamical system for the feature state based on the sparse identification of nonlinear dynamics (SINDy). Third, if PIV snapshots are available, a local linear mapping from the feature state to the velocity field is performed to reconstruct the full state of the system. Fourth, a generalized feature-based modal decomposition identifies coherent structures that are most dynamically correlated with the linear and nonlinear interaction terms in the sparse model, adding interpretability. Steps 1 and 2 define a black-box model. Optional steps 3 and 4 lift the black-box dynamics to a grey-box model in terms of the identified coherent structures, if non-time-resolved full-state data are available. This grey-box modelling strategy is successfully applied to the transient and post-transient laminar cylinder wake, and compares favourably with a proper orthogonal decomposition model. We foresee numerous applications of this highly flexible modelling strategy, including estimation, prediction and control. Moreover, the feature space may be based on intrinsic coordinates, which are unaffected by a key challenge of modal expansion: the slow change of low-dimensional coherent structures with changing geometry and varying parameters.An empirical mean-field model of symmetry-breaking in a turbulent wake
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/23022
An empirical mean-field model of symmetry-breaking in a turbulent wake
CALLAHAM, Jared L.; RIGAS, Georgios; LOISEAU, Jean-Christophe; BRUNTON, Steven L.
Improved turbulence modeling remains a major open problem in mathematical physics. Turbulence is notoriously challenging, in part due to its multiscale nature and the fact that large-scale coherent structures cannot be disentangled from small-scale fluctuations. This closure problem is emblematic of a greater challenge in complex systems, where coarse-graining and statistical mechanics descriptions break down. This work demonstrates an alternative data-driven modeling approach to learn nonlinear models of the coherent structures, approximating turbulent fluctuations as state-dependent stochastic forcing. We demonstrate this approach on a high–Reynolds number turbulent wake experiment, showing that our model reproduces empirical power spectra and probability distributions. The model is interpretable, providing insights into the physical mechanisms underlying the symmetry-breaking behavior in the wake. This work suggests a path toward low-dimensional models of globally unstable turbulent flows from experimental measurements, with broad implications for other multiscale systems.
Wed, 11 May 2022 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/230222022-05-11T00:00:00ZCALLAHAM, Jared L.RIGAS, GeorgiosLOISEAU, Jean-ChristopheBRUNTON, Steven L.Improved turbulence modeling remains a major open problem in mathematical physics. Turbulence is notoriously challenging, in part due to its multiscale nature and the fact that large-scale coherent structures cannot be disentangled from small-scale fluctuations. This closure problem is emblematic of a greater challenge in complex systems, where coarse-graining and statistical mechanics descriptions break down. This work demonstrates an alternative data-driven modeling approach to learn nonlinear models of the coherent structures, approximating turbulent fluctuations as state-dependent stochastic forcing. We demonstrate this approach on a high–Reynolds number turbulent wake experiment, showing that our model reproduces empirical power spectra and probability distributions. The model is interpretable, providing insights into the physical mechanisms underlying the symmetry-breaking behavior in the wake. This work suggests a path toward low-dimensional models of globally unstable turbulent flows from experimental measurements, with broad implications for other multiscale systems.