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The DSpace digital repository system captures, stores, indexes, preserves, and distributes digital research material.Mon, 04 Nov 2024 09:13:31 GMT2024-11-04T09:13:31ZAn empirical mean-field model of symmetry-breaking in a turbulent wake
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/23022
An empirical mean-field model of symmetry-breaking in a turbulent wake
CALLAHAM, Jared L.; RIGAS, Georgios; LOISEAU, Jean-Christophe; BRUNTON, Steven L.
Improved turbulence modeling remains a major open problem in mathematical physics. Turbulence is notoriously challenging, in part due to its multiscale nature and the fact that large-scale coherent structures cannot be disentangled from small-scale fluctuations. This closure problem is emblematic of a greater challenge in complex systems, where coarse-graining and statistical mechanics descriptions break down. This work demonstrates an alternative data-driven modeling approach to learn nonlinear models of the coherent structures, approximating turbulent fluctuations as state-dependent stochastic forcing. We demonstrate this approach on a high–Reynolds number turbulent wake experiment, showing that our model reproduces empirical power spectra and probability distributions. The model is interpretable, providing insights into the physical mechanisms underlying the symmetry-breaking behavior in the wake. This work suggests a path toward low-dimensional models of globally unstable turbulent flows from experimental measurements, with broad implications for other multiscale systems.
Wed, 11 May 2022 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/230222022-05-11T00:00:00ZCALLAHAM, Jared L.RIGAS, GeorgiosLOISEAU, Jean-ChristopheBRUNTON, Steven L.Improved turbulence modeling remains a major open problem in mathematical physics. Turbulence is notoriously challenging, in part due to its multiscale nature and the fact that large-scale coherent structures cannot be disentangled from small-scale fluctuations. This closure problem is emblematic of a greater challenge in complex systems, where coarse-graining and statistical mechanics descriptions break down. This work demonstrates an alternative data-driven modeling approach to learn nonlinear models of the coherent structures, approximating turbulent fluctuations as state-dependent stochastic forcing. We demonstrate this approach on a high–Reynolds number turbulent wake experiment, showing that our model reproduces empirical power spectra and probability distributions. The model is interpretable, providing insights into the physical mechanisms underlying the symmetry-breaking behavior in the wake. This work suggests a path toward low-dimensional models of globally unstable turbulent flows from experimental measurements, with broad implications for other multiscale systems.On the role of nonlinear correlations in reduced-order modelling
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/23072
On the role of nonlinear correlations in reduced-order modelling
CALLAHAM, Jared L.; BRUNTON, Steven L.; LOISEAU, Jean-Christophe
This work investigates nonlinear dimensionality reduction as a means of improving the accuracy and stability of reduced-order models of advection-dominated flows. Nonlinear correlations between temporal proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) coefficients can be exploited to identify latent low-dimensional structure, approximating the attractor with a minimal set of driving modes and a manifold equation for the remaining modes. By viewing these nonlinear correlations as an invariant manifold reduction, this least-order representation can be used to stabilize POD–Galerkin models or as a state space for data-driven model identification. In the latter case, we use sparse polynomial regression to learn a compact, interpretable dynamical system model from the time series of the active modal coefficients. We demonstrate this perspective on a quasiperiodic shear-driven cavity flow and show that the dynamics evolves on a torus generated by two independent Stuart–Landau oscillators. The specific approach to nonlinear correlations analysis used in this work is applicable to periodic and quasiperiodic flows, and cannot be applied to chaotic or turbulent flows. However, the results illustrate the limitations of linear modal representations of advection-dominated flows and motivate the use of nonlinear dimensionality reduction more broadly for exploiting underlying structure in reduced-order models.
Tue, 01 Mar 2022 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/230722022-03-01T00:00:00ZCALLAHAM, Jared L.BRUNTON, Steven L.LOISEAU, Jean-ChristopheThis work investigates nonlinear dimensionality reduction as a means of improving the accuracy and stability of reduced-order models of advection-dominated flows. Nonlinear correlations between temporal proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) coefficients can be exploited to identify latent low-dimensional structure, approximating the attractor with a minimal set of driving modes and a manifold equation for the remaining modes. By viewing these nonlinear correlations as an invariant manifold reduction, this least-order representation can be used to stabilize POD–Galerkin models or as a state space for data-driven model identification. In the latter case, we use sparse polynomial regression to learn a compact, interpretable dynamical system model from the time series of the active modal coefficients. We demonstrate this perspective on a quasiperiodic shear-driven cavity flow and show that the dynamics evolves on a torus generated by two independent Stuart–Landau oscillators. The specific approach to nonlinear correlations analysis used in this work is applicable to periodic and quasiperiodic flows, and cannot be applied to chaotic or turbulent flows. However, the results illustrate the limitations of linear modal representations of advection-dominated flows and motivate the use of nonlinear dimensionality reduction more broadly for exploiting underlying structure in reduced-order models.