SAM
https://sam.ensam.eu:443
The DSpace digital repository system captures, stores, indexes, preserves, and distributes digital research material.Sat, 10 Aug 2024 14:33:53 GMT2024-08-10T14:33:53ZModeling of Hydro-Pneumatic Energy Storage Using Pump Turbines
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6834
Modeling of Hydro-Pneumatic Energy Storage Using Pump Turbines
ORTEGO, Egoï; CAIGNAERT, Guy; COLAS, Frédéric; DAZIN, Antoine; COUTIER-DELGOSHA, Olivier
Modelling of a hydro-pneumatic energy storage system is presented in this paper. Hydro pneumatic storage aims to combine the good efficiency of hydraulic energy conversion and the space flexibility of pneumatic storage. The project aims to model a prototype which uses a rotodynamic multi-stage pump-turbine to displace a virtual liquid piston to compress air. To facilitate mass and heat transfers between both phases, there is no separation between the water and the air. A dynamic model of the storage system is developed using block diagram methodology. It takes into account characteristic curves of the pump-turbine and thermodynamic equations. Modelling results show that vapour diffusion contributes to reducing compression final temperature. This implies an increase of storage efficiency. A test rig construction will begin at the end of autumn 2011. It will be electrically connected to the “Distributed Energies” platform of ‘’Arts et Métiers Paristech’’ in Lille.
Sat, 01 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/68342011-01-01T00:00:00ZORTEGO, EgoïCAIGNAERT, GuyCOLAS, FrédéricDAZIN, AntoineCOUTIER-DELGOSHA, OlivierModelling of a hydro-pneumatic energy storage system is presented in this paper. Hydro pneumatic storage aims to combine the good efficiency of hydraulic energy conversion and the space flexibility of pneumatic storage. The project aims to model a prototype which uses a rotodynamic multi-stage pump-turbine to displace a virtual liquid piston to compress air. To facilitate mass and heat transfers between both phases, there is no separation between the water and the air. A dynamic model of the storage system is developed using block diagram methodology. It takes into account characteristic curves of the pump-turbine and thermodynamic equations. Modelling results show that vapour diffusion contributes to reducing compression final temperature. This implies an increase of storage efficiency. A test rig construction will begin at the end of autumn 2011. It will be electrically connected to the “Distributed Energies” platform of ‘’Arts et Métiers Paristech’’ in Lille.Economic supervisory predictive control of a hybrid power generation plant
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/11354
Economic supervisory predictive control of a hybrid power generation plant
DIEULOT, Jean-Yves; DAUPHIN-TANGUY, Geneviève; CHALAL, Lamine; COLAS, Frédéric
This work deals with the development of an economic supervisory predictive control method for the management of a hybrid renewable energy system. The hybrid cell integrates solar panels, a gas microturbine and a storage unit. Tuning the predictive controller is easy: the optimal criterion encom- passes the environmental, fuel, energy delivery and storage costs. Short time predictions of the solar power are embedded in the supervisor which yields smoother battery control and better power management. Real-time experiments are driven in a Hardware-in-the-Loop framework illustrating the relevance of the proposed supervisory predictive control design.
Thu, 01 Jan 2015 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/113542015-01-01T00:00:00ZDIEULOT, Jean-YvesDAUPHIN-TANGUY, GenevièveCHALAL, LamineCOLAS, FrédéricThis work deals with the development of an economic supervisory predictive control method for the management of a hybrid renewable energy system. The hybrid cell integrates solar panels, a gas microturbine and a storage unit. Tuning the predictive controller is easy: the optimal criterion encom- passes the environmental, fuel, energy delivery and storage costs. Short time predictions of the solar power are embedded in the supervisor which yields smoother battery control and better power management. Real-time experiments are driven in a Hardware-in-the-Loop framework illustrating the relevance of the proposed supervisory predictive control design.Losses estimation method by simulation for the Modular Multilevel Converter
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/13255
Losses estimation method by simulation for the Modular Multilevel Converter
FREYTES, Julian; DELARUE, Philippe; COLAS, Frédéric; GUILLAUD, Xavier
The modular multilevel converter (MMC) is the most promising solution to connect HVDC grids to a HVAC one. The installation of new equipment in the HVDC transmission systems requires an economic study where the power losses play an important role. Since the MMC it is composed of a high number of semiconductors components, the losses estimation becomes complex. This paper proposes a simulation based method for the losses estimation that combines the MMC averaged and instantaneous model in a modular way. The method brings the possibility to perform comparisons in terms of losses for different modules technologies as well as different high and low level control techniques. Also the losses characteristics within the MMC are also discussed and the passive losses are firstly taken into account
Thu, 01 Jan 2015 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/132552015-01-01T00:00:00ZFREYTES, JulianDELARUE, PhilippeCOLAS, FrédéricGUILLAUD, XavierThe modular multilevel converter (MMC) is the most promising solution to connect HVDC grids to a HVAC one. The installation of new equipment in the HVDC transmission systems requires an economic study where the power losses play an important role. Since the MMC it is composed of a high number of semiconductors components, the losses estimation becomes complex. This paper proposes a simulation based method for the losses estimation that combines the MMC averaged and instantaneous model in a modular way. The method brings the possibility to perform comparisons in terms of losses for different modules technologies as well as different high and low level control techniques. Also the losses characteristics within the MMC are also discussed and the passive losses are firstly taken into accountFPGA Implementation of a General Space Vector Approach on a 6-Leg Voltage Source Inverter
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6749
FPGA Implementation of a General Space Vector Approach on a 6-Leg Voltage Source Inverter
SANDULESCU, Paul; IDKHAJINE, Lahoucine; CENSE, Sébastien; COLAS, Frédéric; BRUYERE, Antoine; SEMAIL, Eric; KESTELYN, Xavier
A general algorithm of a Space Vector approach is implemented on a 6-leg VSI controlling a PM synchronous machine with three independent phases. In this last case, the necessity of controlling the zero-sequence current motivates the choice of a special family of vectors, different of this one used in Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) intersective strategy and in common Space Vector PWM (SVPWM). To preserve the parallelism of the algorithm and fulfill the execution time constraints, the implementation is made on a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA). Comparisons with more classical 2-level and 3-level PWM are provided.
Sat, 01 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/67492011-01-01T00:00:00ZSANDULESCU, PaulIDKHAJINE, LahoucineCENSE, SébastienCOLAS, FrédéricBRUYERE, AntoineSEMAIL, EricKESTELYN, XavierA general algorithm of a Space Vector approach is implemented on a 6-leg VSI controlling a PM synchronous machine with three independent phases. In this last case, the necessity of controlling the zero-sequence current motivates the choice of a special family of vectors, different of this one used in Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) intersective strategy and in common Space Vector PWM (SVPWM). To preserve the parallelism of the algorithm and fulfill the execution time constraints, the implementation is made on a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA). Comparisons with more classical 2-level and 3-level PWM are provided.Impact of control algorithm solutions on Modular Multilevel Converters electrical waveforms and losses
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/13677
Impact of control algorithm solutions on Modular Multilevel Converters electrical waveforms and losses
FREYTES, Julian; SAMIMI, Shabab; DELARUE, Philippe; GUILLAUD, Xavier; COLAS, Frédéric; BELHAOUANE, Mohamed Moez
Modular Multilevel Converters (MMC) are becoming increasingly popular with the development of HVDC connection and, in the future, Multi Terminal DC grid. A lot of publications have been published about this topology these last years since it was first proposed. Many of them deal with converter control methods, other address the method of estimating losses. Usually, the proposed losses estimation techniques are associated to simple control methods For VSC (Voltage Sources Converters) topology, the losses minimization is based on the limitation of the RMS currents values. This hypothesis is usually extended to the control of MMC, by limiting the differential currents to their DC component, without really being checked. This paper investigates the impact of two control algorithms variants on electrical quantities (currents, capacitor voltages ripple, losses). From the published results, it is shown that in some cases the usual choice is not the best one.
Thu, 01 Jan 2015 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/136772015-01-01T00:00:00ZFREYTES, JulianSAMIMI, ShababDELARUE, PhilippeGUILLAUD, XavierCOLAS, FrédéricBELHAOUANE, Mohamed MoezModular Multilevel Converters (MMC) are becoming increasingly popular with the development of HVDC connection and, in the future, Multi Terminal DC grid. A lot of publications have been published about this topology these last years since it was first proposed. Many of them deal with converter control methods, other address the method of estimating losses. Usually, the proposed losses estimation techniques are associated to simple control methods For VSC (Voltage Sources Converters) topology, the losses minimization is based on the limitation of the RMS currents values. This hypothesis is usually extended to the control of MMC, by limiting the differential currents to their DC component, without really being checked. This paper investigates the impact of two control algorithms variants on electrical quantities (currents, capacitor voltages ripple, losses). From the published results, it is shown that in some cases the usual choice is not the best one.Modeling of Hydro-Pneumatic Energy Storage Using Pump Turbines
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6874
Modeling of Hydro-Pneumatic Energy Storage Using Pump Turbines
ORTEGO, Egoï; CAIGNAERT, Guy; COLAS, Frédéric; DAZIN, Antoine; COUTIER-DELGOSHA, Olivier
Modelling of a hydro-pneumatic energy storage system is the main aim of this paper. The project aims to model a prototype that uses a rotodynamic multi-stage pump-turbine to displace a virtual liquid piston for air compression. A dynamic model of the storage system is developed using the block diagram methodology. Two driving strategies are also developed in order to manage the constant variation of operating point due to pressure variation: maximum efficiency strategy and power demand response strategy.
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/68742012-01-01T00:00:00ZORTEGO, EgoïCAIGNAERT, GuyCOLAS, FrédéricDAZIN, AntoineCOUTIER-DELGOSHA, OlivierModelling of a hydro-pneumatic energy storage system is the main aim of this paper. The project aims to model a prototype that uses a rotodynamic multi-stage pump-turbine to displace a virtual liquid piston for air compression. A dynamic model of the storage system is developed using the block diagram methodology. Two driving strategies are also developed in order to manage the constant variation of operating point due to pressure variation: maximum efficiency strategy and power demand response strategy.Energy Management Strategy for Commercial Buildings Integrating PV and Storage Systems
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6414
Energy Management Strategy for Commercial Buildings Integrating PV and Storage Systems
ZANG, He; DAVIGNY, Arnaud; SPROOTEN, Jonathan; ROBYNS, Benoit; COLAS, Frédéric; POSTE, Yvan
This paper presents an energy management strategy for a commercial building in supermarket application. Some objectives are established as load shedding, to reduce the electricity bill and the CO2 emissions of commercial building, such as supermarkets, in using PV and storage systems. An energy management supervision strategy based on the rules of the electricity bill will be presented. This paper focuses on the supervision strategy with the help of fuzzy logic. It is shown, with the help of simulations and comparisons, that the energy bill cost and the CO2 emissions can be reduced by using the solution proposed.
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/64142012-01-01T00:00:00ZZANG, HeDAVIGNY, ArnaudSPROOTEN, JonathanROBYNS, BenoitCOLAS, FrédéricPOSTE, YvanThis paper presents an energy management strategy for a commercial building in supermarket application. Some objectives are established as load shedding, to reduce the electricity bill and the CO2 emissions of commercial building, such as supermarkets, in using PV and storage systems. An energy management supervision strategy based on the rules of the electricity bill will be presented. This paper focuses on the supervision strategy with the help of fuzzy logic. It is shown, with the help of simulations and comparisons, that the energy bill cost and the CO2 emissions can be reduced by using the solution proposed.Investigation on Model Predictive Control of a Five-Phase Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine under Voltage and Current limits
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/9946
Investigation on Model Predictive Control of a Five-Phase Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine under Voltage and Current limits
GOMOZOV, Oleg; BUIRE, Jerome; COLAS, Frédéric; SEMAIL, Eric; KESTELYN, Xavier; NGUYEN, Ngac Ky
The optimal control of electrical drives necessitates to take into account current and voltage limits that are imposed by the power electronics and the electrical machines. Let’s cite for example the flux-weakening operation of electrical drives for propulsion. If the control of classical three-phase drives Under voltage and current limits are known for a long time, the specific characteristics of multiphase drives open the way to researches on their control under such constraints. This paper aims to explain what are the main differences between three-phase and multiphase drives when they run under voltage and current constraints and try to show what are the scientific and technical problems to be solved. Some first results are given in order to show that Model Predictive Control (MPC) is expected to be a good candidate to answer the proposed challenge.
Thu, 01 Jan 2015 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/99462015-01-01T00:00:00ZGOMOZOV, OlegBUIRE, JeromeCOLAS, FrédéricSEMAIL, EricKESTELYN, XavierNGUYEN, Ngac KyThe optimal control of electrical drives necessitates to take into account current and voltage limits that are imposed by the power electronics and the electrical machines. Let’s cite for example the flux-weakening operation of electrical drives for propulsion. If the control of classical three-phase drives Under voltage and current limits are known for a long time, the specific characteristics of multiphase drives open the way to researches on their control under such constraints. This paper aims to explain what are the main differences between three-phase and multiphase drives when they run under voltage and current constraints and try to show what are the scientific and technical problems to be solved. Some first results are given in order to show that Model Predictive Control (MPC) is expected to be a good candidate to answer the proposed challenge.MMC Stored Energy Participation to the DC Bus Voltage Control in an HVDC Link
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/12895
MMC Stored Energy Participation to the DC Bus Voltage Control in an HVDC Link
SAMIMI, Shabab; DELARUE, Philippe; COLAS, Frédéric; BELHAOUANE, Mohamed Moez; GUILLAUD, Xavier; GRUSON, Francois
The modular multilevel converter (MMC) is becoming a promising converter technology for HVDC transmission systems. Contrary to the conventional two- or three-level VSC-HVDC links, no capacitors are connected directly on the dc bus in an MMC-HVDC link. Therefore, in such an HVDC link, the dc bus voltage may be much more volatile than in a conventional VSC-HVDC link. In this paper, a connection between the dc bus voltage level and the stored energy inside the MMC is proposed in order to greatly improve the dynamic behavior in case of transients. EMT simulation results illustrate this interesting property on an HVDC link study case.
Fri, 01 Jan 2016 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/128952016-01-01T00:00:00ZSAMIMI, ShababDELARUE, PhilippeCOLAS, FrédéricBELHAOUANE, Mohamed MoezGUILLAUD, XavierGRUSON, FrancoisThe modular multilevel converter (MMC) is becoming a promising converter technology for HVDC transmission systems. Contrary to the conventional two- or three-level VSC-HVDC links, no capacitors are connected directly on the dc bus in an MMC-HVDC link. Therefore, in such an HVDC link, the dc bus voltage may be much more volatile than in a conventional VSC-HVDC link. In this paper, a connection between the dc bus voltage level and the stored energy inside the MMC is proposed in order to greatly improve the dynamic behavior in case of transients. EMT simulation results illustrate this interesting property on an HVDC link study case.Design, implementation and testing of a Modular Multilevel Converter
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/12896
Design, implementation and testing of a Modular Multilevel Converter
KADRI, Riad; COLAS, Frédéric; GUILLAUD, Xavier; DELARUE, Philippe; BERGE, Marta; DENNETIERE, Sébastien; OULD BACHIR, Tarek; GRUSON, Francois
The Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC) is a power electronic structure used for high voltage adjustable speed drives applications as well as power transmission applications and high-voltage direct current. MMC structure presents many advantages such as modularity, the absence of a high voltage DC bus and very low switching frequency. It presents also some disadvantages such as modeling complexity and control due to the large number of semiconductors to control. The objectives of this paper are to present the methodology to design a laboratory MMC converter and its control system. This methodology is based on an intensive used of real-time simulation, to develop and test the control algorithm is proposed. This MMC prototype must be as realistic as possible to a full scale MMC, with a large number of sub-modules (i.e. 640 kV on the DC side, a rated power of 1 GW and 400 sub-modules). A control hardware integrating distributed processors (one for each arm) and a master control is presented. The protocols to validate sub-modules, arms and the converter are explained.
Sun, 01 Jan 2017 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/128962017-01-01T00:00:00ZKADRI, RiadCOLAS, FrédéricGUILLAUD, XavierDELARUE, PhilippeBERGE, MartaDENNETIERE, SébastienOULD BACHIR, TarekGRUSON, FrancoisThe Modular Multilevel Converter (MMC) is a power electronic structure used for high voltage adjustable speed drives applications as well as power transmission applications and high-voltage direct current. MMC structure presents many advantages such as modularity, the absence of a high voltage DC bus and very low switching frequency. It presents also some disadvantages such as modeling complexity and control due to the large number of semiconductors to control. The objectives of this paper are to present the methodology to design a laboratory MMC converter and its control system. This methodology is based on an intensive used of real-time simulation, to develop and test the control algorithm is proposed. This MMC prototype must be as realistic as possible to a full scale MMC, with a large number of sub-modules (i.e. 640 kV on the DC side, a rated power of 1 GW and 400 sub-modules). A control hardware integrating distributed processors (one for each arm) and a master control is presented. The protocols to validate sub-modules, arms and the converter are explained.