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http://hdl.handle.net/10985/17881
Computing heteroclinic orbits using adjoint-based methods
FARANO, Mirko; CHERUBINI, Stefania; ROBINET, Jean-Christophe; DE PALMA, Pietro; SCHNEIDER, T. M.
Transitional turbulence in shear flows is supported by a network of unstable exact invariant solutions of the Navier–Stokes equations. The network is interconnected by heteroclinic connections along which the turbulent trajectories evolve between invariant solutions. While many invariant solutions in the form of equilibria, travelling waves and periodic orbits have been identified, computing heteroclinic connections remains a challenge. We propose a variational method for computing orbits dynamically connecting small neighbourhoods around equilibrium solutions. Using local information on the dynamics linearized around these equilibria, we demonstrate that we can choose neighbourhoods such that the connecting orbits shadow heteroclinic connections. The proposed method allows one to approximate heteroclinic connections originating from states with multi-dimensional unstable manifold and thereby provides access to heteroclinic connections that cannot easily be identified using alternative shooting methods. For plane Couette flow, we demonstrate the method by recomputing three known connections and identifying six additional previously unknown orbits.
Mon, 01 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/178812018-01-01T00:00:00ZFARANO, MirkoCHERUBINI, StefaniaROBINET, Jean-ChristopheDE PALMA, PietroSCHNEIDER, T. M.Transitional turbulence in shear flows is supported by a network of unstable exact invariant solutions of the Navier–Stokes equations. The network is interconnected by heteroclinic connections along which the turbulent trajectories evolve between invariant solutions. While many invariant solutions in the form of equilibria, travelling waves and periodic orbits have been identified, computing heteroclinic connections remains a challenge. We propose a variational method for computing orbits dynamically connecting small neighbourhoods around equilibrium solutions. Using local information on the dynamics linearized around these equilibria, we demonstrate that we can choose neighbourhoods such that the connecting orbits shadow heteroclinic connections. The proposed method allows one to approximate heteroclinic connections originating from states with multi-dimensional unstable manifold and thereby provides access to heteroclinic connections that cannot easily be identified using alternative shooting methods. For plane Couette flow, we demonstrate the method by recomputing three known connections and identifying six additional previously unknown orbits.Linear and nonlinear optimal growth mechanisms for generating turbulent bands
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/21696
Linear and nonlinear optimal growth mechanisms for generating turbulent bands
PARENTE, ENZA; ROBINET, Jean-Christophe; DE PALMA, Pietro; CHERUBINI, Stefania
Recently, many authors have investigated the origin and growth of turbulent bands in shear flows, highlighting the role of streaks and their inflectional instability in the process of band generation and sustainment. Recalling that streaks are created by an optimal transient growth mechanism, and motivated by the observation of a strong increase of the disturbance kinetic energy corresponding to the creation of turbulent bands, we use linear and nonlinear energy optimisations in a tilted domain to unveil the main mechanisms allowing the creation of a turbulent band in a channel flow. Linear transient growth analysis shows an optimal growth for wavenumbers having an angle of approximately 35◦, close to the peak values of the premultiplied energy spectra of direct numerical simulations. This linear optimal perturbation generates oblique streaks, which, for a sufficiently large initial energy, induce turbulence in the whole domain, due to the lack of spatial localisation. However, spatially localised perturbations obtained by adding nonlinear effects to the optimisation or by artificially confining the linear optimal to a localised region in the transverse direction are characterised by a large-scale flow and lead to the generation of a localised turbulent band. These results suggest that two main elements are needed for inducing turbulent bands in a tilted domain: (i) a linear energy growth mechanism, such as the lift-up, for generating large-amplitude flow structures, which produce inflection points; (ii) spatial localisation, linked to the presence or generation of large-scale vortices. We show that these elements alone generate isolated turbulent bands also in large non-tilted domains.
Sat, 01 Jan 2022 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/216962022-01-01T00:00:00ZPARENTE, ENZAROBINET, Jean-ChristopheDE PALMA, PietroCHERUBINI, StefaniaRecently, many authors have investigated the origin and growth of turbulent bands in shear flows, highlighting the role of streaks and their inflectional instability in the process of band generation and sustainment. Recalling that streaks are created by an optimal transient growth mechanism, and motivated by the observation of a strong increase of the disturbance kinetic energy corresponding to the creation of turbulent bands, we use linear and nonlinear energy optimisations in a tilted domain to unveil the main mechanisms allowing the creation of a turbulent band in a channel flow. Linear transient growth analysis shows an optimal growth for wavenumbers having an angle of approximately 35◦, close to the peak values of the premultiplied energy spectra of direct numerical simulations. This linear optimal perturbation generates oblique streaks, which, for a sufficiently large initial energy, induce turbulence in the whole domain, due to the lack of spatial localisation. However, spatially localised perturbations obtained by adding nonlinear effects to the optimisation or by artificially confining the linear optimal to a localised region in the transverse direction are characterised by a large-scale flow and lead to the generation of a localised turbulent band. These results suggest that two main elements are needed for inducing turbulent bands in a tilted domain: (i) a linear energy growth mechanism, such as the lift-up, for generating large-amplitude flow structures, which produce inflection points; (ii) spatial localisation, linked to the presence or generation of large-scale vortices. We show that these elements alone generate isolated turbulent bands also in large non-tilted domains.Continuing invariant solutions towards the turbulent flow
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/21936
Continuing invariant solutions towards the turbulent flow
PARENTE, Enza; FARANO, Mirko; ROBINET, Jean-Christophe; DE PALMA, Pietro; CHERUBINI, Stefania
A new mathematical framework is proposed for characterizing the coherent motion of fluctuations around a mean turbulent channel flow. We search for statistically invariant coherent solutions of the unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes
equations written in a perturbative form with respect to the turbulent mean flow, using a suitable approximation of the Reynolds stress tensor. This is achieved by setting up a continuation procedure of known solutions of the perturbative Navier–Stokes
equations, based on the continuous increase of the turbulent eddy viscosity towards its turbulent value. The recovered solutions, being sustained only in the presence of the Reynolds stress tensor, are representative of the statistically coherent motion of
turbulent flows. For small friction Reynolds number and/or domain size, the statistically invariant motion is almost identical to the corresponding invariant solution of the Navier–Stokes equations. Whereas, for sufficiently large friction number and/or domain size, it considerably departs from the starting invariant solution of the Navier–Stokes equations, presenting spatial structures, main wavelengths and scaling very close to those characterizing both large- and small-scale motion of turbulent channel flows.
This article is part of the theme issue ‘Mathematical problems in physical fluid dynamics (part 2)’.
Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/219362022-05-01T00:00:00ZPARENTE, EnzaFARANO, MirkoROBINET, Jean-ChristopheDE PALMA, PietroCHERUBINI, StefaniaA new mathematical framework is proposed for characterizing the coherent motion of fluctuations around a mean turbulent channel flow. We search for statistically invariant coherent solutions of the unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes
equations written in a perturbative form with respect to the turbulent mean flow, using a suitable approximation of the Reynolds stress tensor. This is achieved by setting up a continuation procedure of known solutions of the perturbative Navier–Stokes
equations, based on the continuous increase of the turbulent eddy viscosity towards its turbulent value. The recovered solutions, being sustained only in the presence of the Reynolds stress tensor, are representative of the statistically coherent motion of
turbulent flows. For small friction Reynolds number and/or domain size, the statistically invariant motion is almost identical to the corresponding invariant solution of the Navier–Stokes equations. Whereas, for sufficiently large friction number and/or domain size, it considerably departs from the starting invariant solution of the Navier–Stokes equations, presenting spatial structures, main wavelengths and scaling very close to those characterizing both large- and small-scale motion of turbulent channel flows.
This article is part of the theme issue ‘Mathematical problems in physical fluid dynamics (part 2)’.Modal and nonmodal stability of a stably stratified boundary layer flow
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/19638
Modal and nonmodal stability of a stably stratified boundary layer flow
PARENTE, Enza; ROBINET, Jean-Christophe; DE PALMA, Pietro; CHERUBINI, Stefania
The modal and nonmodal linear stability of a stably stratified Blasius boundary layer flow, composed of a velocity and a thermal boundary layer, is investigated. The temporal and spatial linear stability of such flow is investigated for several Richardson, Reynolds, and Prandtl numbers. While increasing the Richardson number stabilizes the flow, a more complex behavior is found when changing the Prandtl number, leading to a stabilization of the flow up to Pr = 7, followed by a destabilization. The nonmodal linear stability of the same flow is then investigated using a direct-adjoint procedure optimizing four different approximations of the energy norm based on a weighted sum of the kinetic and the potential energies. No matter the norm approximation, for short target times an increase of the Richardson number induces a decrease of the optimal energy gain and time at which it is obtained and an increase of the optimal streamwise wave number, which considerably departs from zero. Moreover, the dependence of the energy growth on the Reynolds number transitions from quadratic to linear, whereas the optimal time, which varies linearly with Re in the nonstratified case, remains constant. This suggests that the optimal energy growth mechanism arises from the joint effect of the lift-up and the Orr mechanism, that simultaneously act to increase the shear production term on a rather short timescale, counterbalancing the stabilizing effect of the buoyancy production term. Although these short-time mechanisms are found to be robust with respect to the chosen norm, a different amplification mechanism is observed for long target times for three of the proposed norms. This strong energy growth, due to the coupling between velocity and temperature perturbations in the free stream, disappears when the variation of the stratification strength with height is accurately taken into account in the definition of the norm.
Wed, 01 Jan 2020 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/196382020-01-01T00:00:00ZPARENTE, EnzaROBINET, Jean-ChristopheDE PALMA, PietroCHERUBINI, StefaniaThe modal and nonmodal linear stability of a stably stratified Blasius boundary layer flow, composed of a velocity and a thermal boundary layer, is investigated. The temporal and spatial linear stability of such flow is investigated for several Richardson, Reynolds, and Prandtl numbers. While increasing the Richardson number stabilizes the flow, a more complex behavior is found when changing the Prandtl number, leading to a stabilization of the flow up to Pr = 7, followed by a destabilization. The nonmodal linear stability of the same flow is then investigated using a direct-adjoint procedure optimizing four different approximations of the energy norm based on a weighted sum of the kinetic and the potential energies. No matter the norm approximation, for short target times an increase of the Richardson number induces a decrease of the optimal energy gain and time at which it is obtained and an increase of the optimal streamwise wave number, which considerably departs from zero. Moreover, the dependence of the energy growth on the Reynolds number transitions from quadratic to linear, whereas the optimal time, which varies linearly with Re in the nonstratified case, remains constant. This suggests that the optimal energy growth mechanism arises from the joint effect of the lift-up and the Orr mechanism, that simultaneously act to increase the shear production term on a rather short timescale, counterbalancing the stabilizing effect of the buoyancy production term. Although these short-time mechanisms are found to be robust with respect to the chosen norm, a different amplification mechanism is observed for long target times for three of the proposed norms. This strong energy growth, due to the coupling between velocity and temperature perturbations in the free stream, disappears when the variation of the stratification strength with height is accurately taken into account in the definition of the norm.Global stability analysis of lifted diffusion flames
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/17879
Global stability analysis of lifted diffusion flames
MANCINI, C.; FARANO, Mirko; DE PALMA, Pietro; ROBINET, Jean-Christophe; CHERUBINI, Stefania
This work describes the development of a method for the global hydrodynamic stability analysis of diffusion flames. The low-Machnumber (LMN) Navier–Stokes (NS) equations for reacting flows are solved together with a transport equation for the mixture fraction describing the local composition of the fluid. The equations are solved by the spectral-element code NEK5000 with Legendre polynomial reconstruction of degree twelve and second-order accurate Runge-Kutta time integration scheme. In order to compute the base flow for the stability analysis, a selective frequency damping approach has been employed. The global stability analysis has been performed by a matrix-free time-stepper algorithm applied to the LMN-NS equations, using an Arnoldi method to compute the most unstable modes. Moreover, a numerical linearization of the governing equation is employed, which allows one to study the stability of diffusion flames without the direct evaluation and storage of the linearized operator. Therefore, a remarkable reduction of the storage capacity is achieved and a more flexible numerical approach is obtained. The numerical model has been validated by comparison with the results for the axisymmetric diffusion flame available in the literature.
Sun, 01 Jan 2017 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/178792017-01-01T00:00:00ZMANCINI, C.FARANO, MirkoDE PALMA, PietroROBINET, Jean-ChristopheCHERUBINI, StefaniaThis work describes the development of a method for the global hydrodynamic stability analysis of diffusion flames. The low-Machnumber (LMN) Navier–Stokes (NS) equations for reacting flows are solved together with a transport equation for the mixture fraction describing the local composition of the fluid. The equations are solved by the spectral-element code NEK5000 with Legendre polynomial reconstruction of degree twelve and second-order accurate Runge-Kutta time integration scheme. In order to compute the base flow for the stability analysis, a selective frequency damping approach has been employed. The global stability analysis has been performed by a matrix-free time-stepper algorithm applied to the LMN-NS equations, using an Arnoldi method to compute the most unstable modes. Moreover, a numerical linearization of the governing equation is employed, which allows one to study the stability of diffusion flames without the direct evaluation and storage of the linearized operator. Therefore, a remarkable reduction of the storage capacity is achieved and a more flexible numerical approach is obtained. The numerical model has been validated by comparison with the results for the axisymmetric diffusion flame available in the literature.A purely nonlinear route to transition approaching the edge of chaos in a boundary layer
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6864
A purely nonlinear route to transition approaching the edge of chaos in a boundary layer
CHERUBINI, Stefania; DE PALMA, Pietro; ROBINET, Jean-Christophe; BOTTARO, Alessandro
The understanding of transition in shear flows has recently progressed along new paradigms based on the central role of coherent flow structures and their nonlinear interactions. We follow such paradigms to identify, by means of a nonlinear optimization of the energy growth at short time, the initial perturbation which most easily induces transition in a boundary layer. Moreover, a bisection procedure has been used to identify localized flow structures living on the edge of chaos, found to be populated by hairpin vortices and streaks. Such an edge structure appears to act as a relative attractor for the trajectory of the laminar base state perturbed by the initial finite-amplitude disturbances, mediating the route to turbulence of the flow, via the triggering of a regeneration cycle of Lambda and hairpin structures at different space and time scales. These findings introduce a new, purely nonlinear scenario of transition in a boundary-layer flow.
Publisher version : http://iopscience.iop.org/1873-7005/44/3/031404
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/68642012-01-01T00:00:00ZCHERUBINI, StefaniaDE PALMA, PietroROBINET, Jean-ChristopheBOTTARO, AlessandroThe understanding of transition in shear flows has recently progressed along new paradigms based on the central role of coherent flow structures and their nonlinear interactions. We follow such paradigms to identify, by means of a nonlinear optimization of the energy growth at short time, the initial perturbation which most easily induces transition in a boundary layer. Moreover, a bisection procedure has been used to identify localized flow structures living on the edge of chaos, found to be populated by hairpin vortices and streaks. Such an edge structure appears to act as a relative attractor for the trajectory of the laminar base state perturbed by the initial finite-amplitude disturbances, mediating the route to turbulence of the flow, via the triggering of a regeneration cycle of Lambda and hairpin structures at different space and time scales. These findings introduce a new, purely nonlinear scenario of transition in a boundary-layer flow.Edge states in a boundary layer
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6868
Edge states in a boundary layer
CHERUBINI, Stefania; DE PALMA, Pietro; ROBINET, Jean-Christophe; BOTTARO, Alessandro
The understanding of laminar-turbulent transition in shear flows has recently progressed along new paradigms based on the central role of nonlinear exact coherent states. We follow such paradigms to identify, for the first time in a spatially developing flow, localized flow structures living on the edge of chaos, which are the precursors of turbulence. These coherent structures are constituted by hairpin vortices and streamwise streaks. The results reported here extend the dynamical systems description of transition to spatially developing flows.
Publisher version : http://pof.aip.org/resource/1/phfle6/v23/i5/p051705_s1?isAuthorized=no
Sat, 01 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/68682011-01-01T00:00:00ZCHERUBINI, StefaniaDE PALMA, PietroROBINET, Jean-ChristopheBOTTARO, AlessandroThe understanding of laminar-turbulent transition in shear flows has recently progressed along new paradigms based on the central role of nonlinear exact coherent states. We follow such paradigms to identify, for the first time in a spatially developing flow, localized flow structures living on the edge of chaos, which are the precursors of turbulence. These coherent structures are constituted by hairpin vortices and streamwise streaks. The results reported here extend the dynamical systems description of transition to spatially developing flows.The minimal seed of turbulent transition in the boundary layer
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6718
The minimal seed of turbulent transition in the boundary layer
CHERUBINI, Stefania; DE PALMA, Pietro; ROBINET, Jean-Christophe; BOTTARO, Alessandro
This paper describes a scenario of transition from laminar to turbulent flow in a spatially developing boundary layer over a flat plate. The base flow is the Blasius non-parallel flow solution; it is perturbed by optimal disturbances yielding the largest energy growth over a short time interval. Such perturbations are computed by a nonlinear global optimization approach based on a Lagrange multiplier technique. The results show that nonlinear optimal perturbations are characterized by a localized basic building block, called the minimal seed, defined as the smallest flow structure which maximizes the energy growth over short times. It is formed by vortices inclined in the streamwise direction surrounding a region of intense streamwise disturbance velocity. Such a basic structure appears to be a robust feature of the base flow since it is practically invariant with respect to the initial energy of the perturbation, the target time, the Reynolds number and the dimensions of the computational domain. The minimal seed grows very rapidly in time while spreading, and it triggers nonlinear effects which bring the flow to turbulence in a very efficient manner, through the formation of a turbulence spot. This evolution of the initial optimal disturbance has been studied in detail by direct numerical simulations. Using a perturbative formulation of the Navier–Stokes equations, each linear and nonlinear convective term of the equations has been analysed. The results show the fundamental role of the streamwise inclination of the vortices in the process. The nonlinear coupling of the finite amplitude disturbances is crucial to sustain such streamwise inclination, as well as to generate dislocations within the flow structures, and local inflectional velocity distributions. The analysis provides a picture of the transition process characterized by a sequence of structures appearing successively in the flow, namely, 3 vortices, hairpin vortices and streamwise streaks. Finally, a disturbance regeneration cycle is conceived, initiated by the fast nonlinear amplification of the minimal seed, providing a possible scenario for the continuous regeneration of the same fundamental flow structures at smaller space and time scales.
Sat, 01 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/67182011-01-01T00:00:00ZCHERUBINI, StefaniaDE PALMA, PietroROBINET, Jean-ChristopheBOTTARO, AlessandroThis paper describes a scenario of transition from laminar to turbulent flow in a spatially developing boundary layer over a flat plate. The base flow is the Blasius non-parallel flow solution; it is perturbed by optimal disturbances yielding the largest energy growth over a short time interval. Such perturbations are computed by a nonlinear global optimization approach based on a Lagrange multiplier technique. The results show that nonlinear optimal perturbations are characterized by a localized basic building block, called the minimal seed, defined as the smallest flow structure which maximizes the energy growth over short times. It is formed by vortices inclined in the streamwise direction surrounding a region of intense streamwise disturbance velocity. Such a basic structure appears to be a robust feature of the base flow since it is practically invariant with respect to the initial energy of the perturbation, the target time, the Reynolds number and the dimensions of the computational domain. The minimal seed grows very rapidly in time while spreading, and it triggers nonlinear effects which bring the flow to turbulence in a very efficient manner, through the formation of a turbulence spot. This evolution of the initial optimal disturbance has been studied in detail by direct numerical simulations. Using a perturbative formulation of the Navier–Stokes equations, each linear and nonlinear convective term of the equations has been analysed. The results show the fundamental role of the streamwise inclination of the vortices in the process. The nonlinear coupling of the finite amplitude disturbances is crucial to sustain such streamwise inclination, as well as to generate dislocations within the flow structures, and local inflectional velocity distributions. The analysis provides a picture of the transition process characterized by a sequence of structures appearing successively in the flow, namely, 3 vortices, hairpin vortices and streamwise streaks. Finally, a disturbance regeneration cycle is conceived, initiated by the fast nonlinear amplification of the minimal seed, providing a possible scenario for the continuous regeneration of the same fundamental flow structures at smaller space and time scales.Nonlinear optimal perturbations in a Couette flow: bursting and transition
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6863
Nonlinear optimal perturbations in a Couette flow: bursting and transition
CHERUBINI, Stefania; DE PALMA, Pietro
This paper provides the analysis of bursting and transition to turbulence in a Couette flow, based on the growth of nonlinear optimal disturbances. We use a global variational procedure to identify such optimal disturbances, defined as those initial perturbations yielding the largest energy growth at a given target time, for given Reynolds number and initial energy. The nonlinear optimal disturbances are found to be characterized by a basic structure, composed of inclined streamwise vortices along localized regions of low and high momentum. This basic structure closely recalls that found in boundary-layer flow (Cherubini et al., J. Fluid Mech., vol. 689, 2011, pp. 221–253), indicating that this structure may be considered the most ‘energetic’ one at short target times. However, small differences in the shape of these optimal perturbations, due to different levels of the initial energy or target time assigned in the optimization process, may produce remarkable differences in their evolution towards turbulence. In particular, direct numerical simulations have shown that optimal disturbances obtained for large initial energies and target times induce bursting events, whereas for lower values of these parameters the flow is directly attracted towards the turbulent state. For this reason, the optimal disturbances have been classified into two classes, the highly dissipative and the short-path perturbations. Both classes lead the flow to turbulence, skipping the phases of streak formation and secondary instability which are typical of the classical transition scenario for shear flows. The dynamics of this transition scenario exploits three main features of the nonlinear optimal disturbances: (i) the large initial value of the streamwise velocity component; (ii) the streamwise dependence of the disturbance; (iii) the presence of initial inclined streamwise vortices. The short-path perturbations are found to spend a considerable amount of time in the vicinity of the edge state (Schneider et al., Phys. Rev. E, vol. 78, 2008, 037301), whereas the highly dissipative optimal disturbances pass closer to the edge, but they are rapidly repelled away from it, leading the flow to high values of the dissipation rate. After this dissipation peak, the trajectories do not lead towards the turbulent attractor, but they spend some time in the vicinity of an unstable periodic orbit (UPO). This behaviour led us to conjecture that bursting events can be obtained not only as homoclinic orbits approaching the UPO, as recently found by van Veen & Kawahara (Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 107, 2011, p. 114501), but also as heteroclinic orbits between the equilibrium solution on the edge and the UPO.
Tue, 01 Jan 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/68632013-01-01T00:00:00ZCHERUBINI, StefaniaDE PALMA, PietroThis paper provides the analysis of bursting and transition to turbulence in a Couette flow, based on the growth of nonlinear optimal disturbances. We use a global variational procedure to identify such optimal disturbances, defined as those initial perturbations yielding the largest energy growth at a given target time, for given Reynolds number and initial energy. The nonlinear optimal disturbances are found to be characterized by a basic structure, composed of inclined streamwise vortices along localized regions of low and high momentum. This basic structure closely recalls that found in boundary-layer flow (Cherubini et al., J. Fluid Mech., vol. 689, 2011, pp. 221–253), indicating that this structure may be considered the most ‘energetic’ one at short target times. However, small differences in the shape of these optimal perturbations, due to different levels of the initial energy or target time assigned in the optimization process, may produce remarkable differences in their evolution towards turbulence. In particular, direct numerical simulations have shown that optimal disturbances obtained for large initial energies and target times induce bursting events, whereas for lower values of these parameters the flow is directly attracted towards the turbulent state. For this reason, the optimal disturbances have been classified into two classes, the highly dissipative and the short-path perturbations. Both classes lead the flow to turbulence, skipping the phases of streak formation and secondary instability which are typical of the classical transition scenario for shear flows. The dynamics of this transition scenario exploits three main features of the nonlinear optimal disturbances: (i) the large initial value of the streamwise velocity component; (ii) the streamwise dependence of the disturbance; (iii) the presence of initial inclined streamwise vortices. The short-path perturbations are found to spend a considerable amount of time in the vicinity of the edge state (Schneider et al., Phys. Rev. E, vol. 78, 2008, 037301), whereas the highly dissipative optimal disturbances pass closer to the edge, but they are rapidly repelled away from it, leading the flow to high values of the dissipation rate. After this dissipation peak, the trajectories do not lead towards the turbulent attractor, but they spend some time in the vicinity of an unstable periodic orbit (UPO). This behaviour led us to conjecture that bursting events can be obtained not only as homoclinic orbits approaching the UPO, as recently found by van Veen & Kawahara (Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 107, 2011, p. 114501), but also as heteroclinic orbits between the equilibrium solution on the edge and the UPO.Rapid path to transition via nonlinear localized optimal perturbations in a boundary-layer flow
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6861
Rapid path to transition via nonlinear localized optimal perturbations in a boundary-layer flow
CHERUBINI, Stefania; DE PALMA, Pietro; ROBINET, Jean-Christophe; BOTTARO, Alessandro
Recent studies have suggested that in some cases transition can be triggered by some purely nonlinear mechanisms. Here we aim at verifying such an hypothesis, looking for a localized perturbation able to lead a boundary-layer flow to a chaotic state, following a nonlinear route. Nonlinear optimal localized perturbations have been computed by means of an energy optimization which includes the nonlinear terms of the Navier- Stokes equations. Such perturbations lie on the turbulent side of the laminar-turbulent boundary, whereas, for the same value of the initial energy, their linear counterparts do not. The evolution of these perturbations toward a turbulent flow involves the presence of streamwise-inclined vortices at short times and of hairpin structures prior to breakdown.
Fri, 01 Jan 2010 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/68612010-01-01T00:00:00ZCHERUBINI, StefaniaDE PALMA, PietroROBINET, Jean-ChristopheBOTTARO, AlessandroRecent studies have suggested that in some cases transition can be triggered by some purely nonlinear mechanisms. Here we aim at verifying such an hypothesis, looking for a localized perturbation able to lead a boundary-layer flow to a chaotic state, following a nonlinear route. Nonlinear optimal localized perturbations have been computed by means of an energy optimization which includes the nonlinear terms of the Navier- Stokes equations. Such perturbations lie on the turbulent side of the laminar-turbulent boundary, whereas, for the same value of the initial energy, their linear counterparts do not. The evolution of these perturbations toward a turbulent flow involves the presence of streamwise-inclined vortices at short times and of hairpin structures prior to breakdown.