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http://hdl.handle.net/10985/11017
Inviscid approach for upwind sails aerodynamics. How far can we go?
AUBIN, Nicolas; AUGIER, Benoit; BOT, Patrick; HAUVILLE, Frédéric; FLOCH, Ronan
This work presents a full-scale experimental study of a yacht rig and sails in real upwind sailing conditions and a comparison with Fluid Structure Interaction (FSI) simulations with the ARAVANTI model (Finite Element Method for the structure and Vortex Lattice Method for the fluid). An specific on-board instrumentation system simultaneously measures loads in the rig and sails, sailing data (wind, boat attitude and speed) and the shape of sails in real navigation conditions (flying shape). Flying shape parameters are extracted using the camera-based VSPARS system to characterize the effects of sail trims and to be compared with the results of the simulation. The potential flow solver gives fast and accurate predictions of both the flying shape and the loads in the rig in most conditions. The inviscid approach, commonly used in the early stage of design, must be checked, as in particular cases where the sails are heavily loaded, flow separation is significant and results from a potential flow solver are inaccurate. A new version of the model including the heel angle as an additional degree of freedom in the structural solver enables to detect when the inviscid flow approach overestimates the aerodynamic load. This upgrade improves the utility and reliability of the inviscid flow approach which remains relevant at the early stages of design as it is much more cost-effective than RANS models.
Fri, 01 Jan 2016 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/110172016-01-01T00:00:00ZAUBIN, NicolasAUGIER, BenoitBOT, PatrickHAUVILLE, FrédéricFLOCH, RonanThis work presents a full-scale experimental study of a yacht rig and sails in real upwind sailing conditions and a comparison with Fluid Structure Interaction (FSI) simulations with the ARAVANTI model (Finite Element Method for the structure and Vortex Lattice Method for the fluid). An specific on-board instrumentation system simultaneously measures loads in the rig and sails, sailing data (wind, boat attitude and speed) and the shape of sails in real navigation conditions (flying shape). Flying shape parameters are extracted using the camera-based VSPARS system to characterize the effects of sail trims and to be compared with the results of the simulation. The potential flow solver gives fast and accurate predictions of both the flying shape and the loads in the rig in most conditions. The inviscid approach, commonly used in the early stage of design, must be checked, as in particular cases where the sails are heavily loaded, flow separation is significant and results from a potential flow solver are inaccurate. A new version of the model including the heel angle as an additional degree of freedom in the structural solver enables to detect when the inviscid flow approach overestimates the aerodynamic load. This upgrade improves the utility and reliability of the inviscid flow approach which remains relevant at the early stages of design as it is much more cost-effective than RANS models.FSI Investigation on Stability of Downwind Sails with an Automatic Dynamic Trimming
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/14917
FSI Investigation on Stability of Downwind Sails with an Automatic Dynamic Trimming
DURAND, Mathieu; LOTHODE, Corentin; HAUVILLE, Frédéric; LEROYER, Alban; VISONNEAU, Michel; FLOCH, Ronan; GUILLAUME, Laurent
Gennakers are lightweight and flexible sails, used for downwind sailing configurations. Qualities sought for this kind of sail are propulsive force and dynamic stability. To simulate accurately the flow around such a sail, several problems need to be solved. Firstly, the structural code has to take into account cloth behavior, orientation and reinforcements. Flexibility is obtained by modeling wrinkles. Secondly, the fluid code needs to reproduce the atmospheric boundary layer as an input boundary condition, and be able to simulate separation. Thirdly, fluid-structure interaction (FSI) is strong due to the lightness and the flexibility of the structure. The added mass is three orders of magnitude greater than the mass of the sail, and large structural displacement occurs, which makes the coupling between the two solvers difficult to achieve. Finally, the problem is unsteady, and dynamic trimming is important to the simulation of spinnakers [4]. The main objective is to use numerical simulations to model spinnakers, in order to predict both propulsive force and sail dynamic stability. Recent developments [2] are used to solve these problems, using a finite element program dedicated to sails and rig simulations coupled with a RANSE solver. The FSI coupling is done through a quasi-monolithic method. An ALE formulation is used, hence the fluid mesh follows the structural deformation while keeping the same topology. The fluid mesh deformation is carried out with a fast, robust and parallelized method based on the propagation of the deformation state of the sail boundary fluid faces [3]. Tests are realized on a complete production chain: a sail designer from Incidences has designed two different shapes of an IMOCA60 spinnaker with the SailPack software. An automatic procedure was developed to transfer data from Sailpack to a structure input file taking into account the orientation of sailcloth and reinforcements. The same automatic procedure is used for both spinnakers, in order to compare dynamic stability and propulsion forces. Then a new method is developed to quantify the stability of a downwind sail.
Tue, 01 Jan 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/149172013-01-01T00:00:00ZDURAND, MathieuLOTHODE, CorentinHAUVILLE, FrédéricLEROYER, AlbanVISONNEAU, MichelFLOCH, RonanGUILLAUME, LaurentGennakers are lightweight and flexible sails, used for downwind sailing configurations. Qualities sought for this kind of sail are propulsive force and dynamic stability. To simulate accurately the flow around such a sail, several problems need to be solved. Firstly, the structural code has to take into account cloth behavior, orientation and reinforcements. Flexibility is obtained by modeling wrinkles. Secondly, the fluid code needs to reproduce the atmospheric boundary layer as an input boundary condition, and be able to simulate separation. Thirdly, fluid-structure interaction (FSI) is strong due to the lightness and the flexibility of the structure. The added mass is three orders of magnitude greater than the mass of the sail, and large structural displacement occurs, which makes the coupling between the two solvers difficult to achieve. Finally, the problem is unsteady, and dynamic trimming is important to the simulation of spinnakers [4]. The main objective is to use numerical simulations to model spinnakers, in order to predict both propulsive force and sail dynamic stability. Recent developments [2] are used to solve these problems, using a finite element program dedicated to sails and rig simulations coupled with a RANSE solver. The FSI coupling is done through a quasi-monolithic method. An ALE formulation is used, hence the fluid mesh follows the structural deformation while keeping the same topology. The fluid mesh deformation is carried out with a fast, robust and parallelized method based on the propagation of the deformation state of the sail boundary fluid faces [3]. Tests are realized on a complete production chain: a sail designer from Incidences has designed two different shapes of an IMOCA60 spinnaker with the SailPack software. An automatic procedure was developed to transfer data from Sailpack to a structure input file taking into account the orientation of sailcloth and reinforcements. The same automatic procedure is used for both spinnakers, in order to compare dynamic stability and propulsion forces. Then a new method is developed to quantify the stability of a downwind sail.FSI investigation on stability of downwind sails with an automatic dynamic trimming
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/9497
FSI investigation on stability of downwind sails with an automatic dynamic trimming
DURAND, Mathieu; LEROYER, Alban; LOTHODE, Corentin; HAUVILLE, Frédéric; VISONNEAU, Michel; FLOCH, Ronan; GUILLAUME, Laurent
Gennakers are lightweight and flexible sails, used for downwind sailing configurations. Qualities sought for this kind of sail are propulsive force and dynamic stability. To simulate accurately the flow surrounding a sail, several problems need to be solved. Firstly, the structural code has to take into account cloth behavior, orientation and reinforcements. Moreover, wrinkles need to be taken into account through modeling or fine enough discretization. Secondly, the fluid solver needs to reproduce the atmospheric boundary layer as an input boundary condition, and be able to simulate separation. Thirdly, the fluid-structure interaction (FSI) is strongly coupled due to the lightness and the flexibility of the structure. The added mass is three orders of magnitude greater than the mass of the sail, and large structural displacement occur, which makes the coupling between the two solvers difficult to achieve. Finally, the problem is unsteady, and dynamic trimming is important to the simulation of gennakers (Graf and Renzsch, 2006). As the FSI procedure is detailed in Durand (2012), the present work is rather focused on its application to downwind sail stability. The main objective of this paper is to use numerical simulations to model gennakers, in order to predict both propulsive force and sail dynamic stability. Recent developments from Durand (2012) are used to solve these problems mentioned earlier, using a finite element structural analysis program dedicated to sails and rig simulations coupled with an unsteady Reynolds averaged Navier–Stokes equations (URANSE) solver. The FSI coupling is done through a partitioned approach with quasi-monolithic properties. An arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) formulation is used, hence the fluid mesh follows the structural deformation while keeping the same topology. The fluid mesh deformation is carried out with a fast, robust and parallelized method based on the propagation of the deformation state of the sail boundary fluid faces (Durand et al., 2010). Tests were realized on a complete production chain: a sail designer from Incidences-Sails has designed two different shapes of an IMOCA60 gennaker with the SailPack software. An automatic procedure was developed to transfer data from Sailpack to a structure input file taking into account the orientation of sailcloth and reinforcements. The same automatic procedure is used for both gennakers, in order to compare dynamic stability and propulsion forces. A new method is then developed to quantify the practical stability of a downwind sail.
Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/94972014-01-01T00:00:00ZDURAND, MathieuLEROYER, AlbanLOTHODE, CorentinHAUVILLE, FrédéricVISONNEAU, MichelFLOCH, RonanGUILLAUME, LaurentGennakers are lightweight and flexible sails, used for downwind sailing configurations. Qualities sought for this kind of sail are propulsive force and dynamic stability. To simulate accurately the flow surrounding a sail, several problems need to be solved. Firstly, the structural code has to take into account cloth behavior, orientation and reinforcements. Moreover, wrinkles need to be taken into account through modeling or fine enough discretization. Secondly, the fluid solver needs to reproduce the atmospheric boundary layer as an input boundary condition, and be able to simulate separation. Thirdly, the fluid-structure interaction (FSI) is strongly coupled due to the lightness and the flexibility of the structure. The added mass is three orders of magnitude greater than the mass of the sail, and large structural displacement occur, which makes the coupling between the two solvers difficult to achieve. Finally, the problem is unsteady, and dynamic trimming is important to the simulation of gennakers (Graf and Renzsch, 2006). As the FSI procedure is detailed in Durand (2012), the present work is rather focused on its application to downwind sail stability. The main objective of this paper is to use numerical simulations to model gennakers, in order to predict both propulsive force and sail dynamic stability. Recent developments from Durand (2012) are used to solve these problems mentioned earlier, using a finite element structural analysis program dedicated to sails and rig simulations coupled with an unsteady Reynolds averaged Navier–Stokes equations (URANSE) solver. The FSI coupling is done through a partitioned approach with quasi-monolithic properties. An arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) formulation is used, hence the fluid mesh follows the structural deformation while keeping the same topology. The fluid mesh deformation is carried out with a fast, robust and parallelized method based on the propagation of the deformation state of the sail boundary fluid faces (Durand et al., 2010). Tests were realized on a complete production chain: a sail designer from Incidences-Sails has designed two different shapes of an IMOCA60 gennaker with the SailPack software. An automatic procedure was developed to transfer data from Sailpack to a structure input file taking into account the orientation of sailcloth and reinforcements. The same automatic procedure is used for both gennakers, in order to compare dynamic stability and propulsion forces. A new method is then developed to quantify the practical stability of a downwind sail.