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The DSpace digital repository system captures, stores, indexes, preserves, and distributes digital research material.Sun, 06 Oct 2024 13:11:04 GMT2024-10-06T13:11:04ZRange dependent sediment sound speed profile measurements using the image source method
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8677
Range dependent sediment sound speed profile measurements using the image source method
PINSON, Samuel; GUILLON, Laurent; HOLLAND, Charles
This paper presents a range dependent sediment sound speed profile measurement obtained using the image source method. This technique is based on the analysis of the seafloor reflected acoustic wave as a collection of image sources which positions are linked with the thick-nesses and the sound speed of the sediment stack. The data used were acquired by the NURC in 2009 during the Clutter09 experiment. The equipment used was an autonomous undersea vehicle towing a 1600–3500 Hz frequency band source and a 32 m horizontal line array of 32 hydrophones at 12m above the seabed. Under the assumption of locally range independent seabed properties, the moving horizontal array provides successive range independent sediment sound speed profiles along a track to obtain the range and depth dependent structure of the seafloor. Two key steps include recovery of the time-varying unknown array shape from the data and spatial filtering of the successive sound speed profiles. A comparison of the image source method result and seismic data along nearly the same 14 km track indicates that the seabed stratigraphy is correctly mapped by this method.
Tue, 01 Jan 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/86772013-01-01T00:00:00ZPINSON, SamuelGUILLON, LaurentHOLLAND, CharlesThis paper presents a range dependent sediment sound speed profile measurement obtained using the image source method. This technique is based on the analysis of the seafloor reflected acoustic wave as a collection of image sources which positions are linked with the thick-nesses and the sound speed of the sediment stack. The data used were acquired by the NURC in 2009 during the Clutter09 experiment. The equipment used was an autonomous undersea vehicle towing a 1600–3500 Hz frequency band source and a 32 m horizontal line array of 32 hydrophones at 12m above the seabed. Under the assumption of locally range independent seabed properties, the moving horizontal array provides successive range independent sediment sound speed profiles along a track to obtain the range and depth dependent structure of the seafloor. Two key steps include recovery of the time-varying unknown array shape from the data and spatial filtering of the successive sound speed profiles. A comparison of the image source method result and seismic data along nearly the same 14 km track indicates that the seabed stratigraphy is correctly mapped by this method.Cross-Spectral Analysis of Midfrequency Acoustic Waves Reflected by the Seafloor
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8768
Cross-Spectral Analysis of Midfrequency Acoustic Waves Reflected by the Seafloor
GUILLON, Laurent; HOLLAND, Charles; BARBER, Christopher
Direct path measurements of a single-bottom interacting path on a vertical array are used to probe the seabed structure. The phase of the cross-spectrum, commonly used in engineering acoustics, permits examination of the importance of subbottom paths. When the cross-spectral phase is linear with frequency it implies that source to receiver propagation is dominated by a single path. A linear cross-spectral phase would also satisfy the linear seabed reflection coefficient phase approximation sometimes employed in forward modeling and geoacoustic inversion approaches. Shallow water measurements of the cross-spectrum, however, evidence a strongly nonlinear phase, below about 1500 Hz at one site, and 600 Hz at another site, implying that: 1) the subbottom structure plays an important role (i.e., a seabed half-space approximation would be inappropriate); and 2) the linear reflection phase approximation would be violated at those frequencies
Sat, 01 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/87682011-01-01T00:00:00ZGUILLON, LaurentHOLLAND, CharlesBARBER, ChristopherDirect path measurements of a single-bottom interacting path on a vertical array are used to probe the seabed structure. The phase of the cross-spectrum, commonly used in engineering acoustics, permits examination of the importance of subbottom paths. When the cross-spectral phase is linear with frequency it implies that source to receiver propagation is dominated by a single path. A linear cross-spectral phase would also satisfy the linear seabed reflection coefficient phase approximation sometimes employed in forward modeling and geoacoustic inversion approaches. Shallow water measurements of the cross-spectrum, however, evidence a strongly nonlinear phase, below about 1500 Hz at one site, and 600 Hz at another site, implying that: 1) the subbottom structure plays an important role (i.e., a seabed half-space approximation would be inappropriate); and 2) the linear reflection phase approximation would be violated at those frequencies