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http://hdl.handle.net/10985/17783
Closed-loop control of a free shear flow: a framework using the parabolized stability equations
SASAKI, Kenzo; TISSOT, Gilles; CAVALIERI, André V. G.; SILVESTRE, Flávio J.; JORDAN, Peter; BIAU, Damien
In this study the parabolized stability equations (PSE) are used to build reduced-order-models (ROMs) given in terms of frequency and time-domain transfer functions (TFs) for application in closed-loop control. The control law is defined in two steps; first it is necessary to estimate the open-loop behaviour of the system from measurements, and subsequently the response of the flow to an actuation signal is determined. The theoretically derived PSE TFs are used to account for both of these effects. Besides its capability to derive simplified models of the flow dynamics, we explore the use of the TFs to provide an a priori determination of adequate positions for efficiently forcing along the direction transverse to the mean flow. The PSE TFs are also used to account for the relative position between sensors and actuators which defines two schemes, feedback and feedforward, the former presenting a lower effectiveness. Differences are understood in terms of the evaluation of the causality of the resulting gain, which is made without the need to perform computationally demanding simulations for each configuration. The ROMs are applied to a direct numerical simulation of a convectively unstable 2D mixing layer. The derived feedforward control law is shown to lead to a reduction in the mean square values of the objective fluctuation of more than one order of magnitude, at the output position, in the nonlinear simulation, which is accompanied by a significant delay in the vortex pairing and roll-up. A study of the robustness of the control law demonstrates that it is fairly insensitive to the amplitude of inflow perturbations and model uncertainties given in terms of Reynolds number variations.
Mon, 01 Jan 2018 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/177832018-01-01T00:00:00ZSASAKI, KenzoTISSOT, GillesCAVALIERI, André V. G.SILVESTRE, Flávio J.JORDAN, PeterBIAU, DamienIn this study the parabolized stability equations (PSE) are used to build reduced-order-models (ROMs) given in terms of frequency and time-domain transfer functions (TFs) for application in closed-loop control. The control law is defined in two steps; first it is necessary to estimate the open-loop behaviour of the system from measurements, and subsequently the response of the flow to an actuation signal is determined. The theoretically derived PSE TFs are used to account for both of these effects. Besides its capability to derive simplified models of the flow dynamics, we explore the use of the TFs to provide an a priori determination of adequate positions for efficiently forcing along the direction transverse to the mean flow. The PSE TFs are also used to account for the relative position between sensors and actuators which defines two schemes, feedback and feedforward, the former presenting a lower effectiveness. Differences are understood in terms of the evaluation of the causality of the resulting gain, which is made without the need to perform computationally demanding simulations for each configuration. The ROMs are applied to a direct numerical simulation of a convectively unstable 2D mixing layer. The derived feedforward control law is shown to lead to a reduction in the mean square values of the objective fluctuation of more than one order of magnitude, at the output position, in the nonlinear simulation, which is accompanied by a significant delay in the vortex pairing and roll-up. A study of the robustness of the control law demonstrates that it is fairly insensitive to the amplitude of inflow perturbations and model uncertainties given in terms of Reynolds number variations.A framework for closed-loop flow control using the parabolized stability equations
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/17797
A framework for closed-loop flow control using the parabolized stability equations
SASAKI, Kenzo; CAVALIERI, André V. G.; SILVESTRE, Flávio J.; JORDAN, Peter; TISSOT, Gilles; BIAU, Damien
We develop a reduced-order-model framework using the parabolized stability equations and identification techniques for the closed-loop control of unsteady fluctuations along fluidic systems. These models had been successfully applied to a turbulent jet as estimation techniques and to an incompressible shear-layer for the development of closed-loop control laws. Through this paper, we propose a further investigation of the PSE-based transfer functions, exploring its flexibility to educe different control schemes and to determine the most effective sensor/actuator positions. Emphasis is be given to the feedforward and feedback configurations for flow control, and differences are understood in terms of causality. A study of the robustness to uncertainties in Reynolds and mean flow velocity, along with external perturbations is also presented. These topics allow deeper insight into the active closed-loop flow control problem and therefore may lead to more effective schemes, particularly on what concerns the experimental implementation of closed-loop control.
Sun, 01 Jan 2017 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/177972017-01-01T00:00:00ZSASAKI, KenzoCAVALIERI, André V. G.SILVESTRE, Flávio J.JORDAN, PeterTISSOT, GillesBIAU, DamienWe develop a reduced-order-model framework using the parabolized stability equations and identification techniques for the closed-loop control of unsteady fluctuations along fluidic systems. These models had been successfully applied to a turbulent jet as estimation techniques and to an incompressible shear-layer for the development of closed-loop control laws. Through this paper, we propose a further investigation of the PSE-based transfer functions, exploring its flexibility to educe different control schemes and to determine the most effective sensor/actuator positions. Emphasis is be given to the feedforward and feedback configurations for flow control, and differences are understood in terms of causality. A study of the robustness to uncertainties in Reynolds and mean flow velocity, along with external perturbations is also presented. These topics allow deeper insight into the active closed-loop flow control problem and therefore may lead to more effective schemes, particularly on what concerns the experimental implementation of closed-loop control.Closed-loop control of wavepackets in a free shear-flow
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/17802
Closed-loop control of wavepackets in a free shear-flow
SASAKI, Kenzo; TISSOT, Gilles; CAVALIERI, André V. G.; SILVESTRE, Flávio J.; JORDAN, Peter; BIAU, Damien
This study aims at the attenuation of the unsteady fluctuations along a two-dimensional mixing layer which may be considered as a prototypical problem for the evaluation of es- timation and control techniques, and also a canonical problem, when compressibility is considered, for sound radiation by low-Reynolds-number free shear flows. Two strategies are proposed for the estimation of the time evolution of wavepackets based on upstream data of the simulation: a Parabolised-stability-equation (PSE) based transfer function be- tween two positions and an empirical-transfer-function identification technique, which relies on the theoretical background established by the PSE. Both techniques present a similar performance for prediction of the fluctuations between streamwise-separated input and output positions. Furthermore, the identification method is used to determine the response of the flow to a body force actuation which allows for the elaboration of a Feedforward control framework for the fluctuations via a phase-opposition actuation. This strategy, which is evaluated with three different control laws, presents encouraging results both for the linearized system (i.e. described in terms of transfer functions) and for the non-linear, direct numerical simulation of the mixing layer, in which significant delays of vortex pairing are observed. The established framework is thus seen as a promising technique for real-time flow control aiming at the attenuation of wavepackets, and the corresponding reduction of the radiated sound.
Fri, 01 Jan 2016 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/178022016-01-01T00:00:00ZSASAKI, KenzoTISSOT, GillesCAVALIERI, André V. G.SILVESTRE, Flávio J.JORDAN, PeterBIAU, DamienThis study aims at the attenuation of the unsteady fluctuations along a two-dimensional mixing layer which may be considered as a prototypical problem for the evaluation of es- timation and control techniques, and also a canonical problem, when compressibility is considered, for sound radiation by low-Reynolds-number free shear flows. Two strategies are proposed for the estimation of the time evolution of wavepackets based on upstream data of the simulation: a Parabolised-stability-equation (PSE) based transfer function be- tween two positions and an empirical-transfer-function identification technique, which relies on the theoretical background established by the PSE. Both techniques present a similar performance for prediction of the fluctuations between streamwise-separated input and output positions. Furthermore, the identification method is used to determine the response of the flow to a body force actuation which allows for the elaboration of a Feedforward control framework for the fluctuations via a phase-opposition actuation. This strategy, which is evaluated with three different control laws, presents encouraging results both for the linearized system (i.e. described in terms of transfer functions) and for the non-linear, direct numerical simulation of the mixing layer, in which significant delays of vortex pairing are observed. The established framework is thus seen as a promising technique for real-time flow control aiming at the attenuation of wavepackets, and the corresponding reduction of the radiated sound.