SAM
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http://hdl.handle.net/10985/10241
PGD-Based Computational Vademecum for Efficient Design, Optimization and Control
CHINESTA, Francisco; LEYGUE, Adrien; BORDEU, Felipe; AGUADO, Jose Vicente; CUETO, Elias; GONZALEZ, David; ALFARO, Iciar; AMMAR, Amine; HUERTA, Antonio
In this paper we are addressing a new paradigm in the field of simulation-based engineering sciences (SBES) to face the challenges posed by current ICT technologies. Despite the impressive progress attained by simulation capabilities and techniques, some challenging problems remain today intractable. These problems, that are common to many branches of science and engineering, are of different nature. Among them, we can cite those related to high-dimensional problems, which do not admit mesh-based approaches due to the exponential increase of degrees of freedom. We developed in recent years a novel technique, called Proper Generalized Decomposition (PGD). It is based on the assumption of a separated form of the unknown field and it has demonstrated its capabilities in dealing with high-dimensional problems overcoming the strong limitations of classical approaches. But the main opportunity given by this technique is that it allows for a completely new approach for classic problems, not necessarily high dimensional. Many challenging problems can be efficiently cast into a multidimensional framework and this opens new possibilities to solve old and new problems with strategies not envisioned until now. For instance, parameters in a model can be set as additional extra-coordinates of the model. In a PGD framework, the resulting model is solved once for life, in order to obtain a general solution that includes all the solutions for every possible value of the parameters, that is, a sort of computational vademecum. Under this rationale, optimization of complex problems, uncertainty quantification, simulation-based control and real-time simulation are now at hand, even in highly complex scenarios, by combining an off-line stage in which the general PGD solution, the vademecum, is computed, and an on-line phase in which, even on deployed, handheld, platforms such as smartphones or tablets, real-time response is obtained as a result of our queries.
Tue, 01 Jan 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/102412013-01-01T00:00:00ZCHINESTA, FranciscoLEYGUE, AdrienBORDEU, FelipeAGUADO, Jose VicenteCUETO, EliasGONZALEZ, DavidALFARO, IciarAMMAR, AmineHUERTA, AntonioIn this paper we are addressing a new paradigm in the field of simulation-based engineering sciences (SBES) to face the challenges posed by current ICT technologies. Despite the impressive progress attained by simulation capabilities and techniques, some challenging problems remain today intractable. These problems, that are common to many branches of science and engineering, are of different nature. Among them, we can cite those related to high-dimensional problems, which do not admit mesh-based approaches due to the exponential increase of degrees of freedom. We developed in recent years a novel technique, called Proper Generalized Decomposition (PGD). It is based on the assumption of a separated form of the unknown field and it has demonstrated its capabilities in dealing with high-dimensional problems overcoming the strong limitations of classical approaches. But the main opportunity given by this technique is that it allows for a completely new approach for classic problems, not necessarily high dimensional. Many challenging problems can be efficiently cast into a multidimensional framework and this opens new possibilities to solve old and new problems with strategies not envisioned until now. For instance, parameters in a model can be set as additional extra-coordinates of the model. In a PGD framework, the resulting model is solved once for life, in order to obtain a general solution that includes all the solutions for every possible value of the parameters, that is, a sort of computational vademecum. Under this rationale, optimization of complex problems, uncertainty quantification, simulation-based control and real-time simulation are now at hand, even in highly complex scenarios, by combining an off-line stage in which the general PGD solution, the vademecum, is computed, and an on-line phase in which, even on deployed, handheld, platforms such as smartphones or tablets, real-time response is obtained as a result of our queries.Real-time in silico experiments on gene regulatory networks and surgery simulation on handheld devices
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/10254
Real-time in silico experiments on gene regulatory networks and surgery simulation on handheld devices
ALFARO, Iciar; GONZALEZ, David; BORDEU, Felipe; LEYGUE, Adrien; AMMAR, Amine; CUETO, Elias; CHINESTA, Francisco
Simulation of all phenomena taking place in a surgical procedure is a formidable task that involves, when possible, the use of supercomputing facilities over long time periods. However, decision taking in the operating room needs for fast methods that provide an accurate response in real time. To this end, Model Order Reduction (MOR) techniques have emerged recently in the field of Computational Surgery to help alleviate this burden. In this paper, we review the basics of classical MOR and explain how a technique recently developed by the authors and coined as Proper Generalized Decomposition could make real-time feedback available with the use of simple devices like smartphones or tablets. Examples are given on the performance of the technique for problems at different scales of the surgical procedure, form gene regulatory networks to macroscopic soft tissue deformation and cutting.
Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/102542014-01-01T00:00:00ZALFARO, IciarGONZALEZ, DavidBORDEU, FelipeLEYGUE, AdrienAMMAR, AmineCUETO, EliasCHINESTA, FranciscoSimulation of all phenomena taking place in a surgical procedure is a formidable task that involves, when possible, the use of supercomputing facilities over long time periods. However, decision taking in the operating room needs for fast methods that provide an accurate response in real time. To this end, Model Order Reduction (MOR) techniques have emerged recently in the field of Computational Surgery to help alleviate this burden. In this paper, we review the basics of classical MOR and explain how a technique recently developed by the authors and coined as Proper Generalized Decomposition could make real-time feedback available with the use of simple devices like smartphones or tablets. Examples are given on the performance of the technique for problems at different scales of the surgical procedure, form gene regulatory networks to macroscopic soft tissue deformation and cutting.Parametric solutions involving geometry: A step towards efficient shape optimization
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/10244
Parametric solutions involving geometry: A step towards efficient shape optimization
AMMAR, Amine; HUERTA, Antonio; CHINESTA, Francisco; CUETO, Elias; LEYGUE, Adrien
Optimization of manufacturing processes or structures involves the optimal choice of many parameters (process parameters, material parameters or geometrical parameters). Usual strategies proceed by defining a trial choice of those parameters and then solving the resulting model. Then, an appropriate cost function is evaluated and its optimality checked. While the optimum is not reached, the process parameters should be updated by using an appropriate optimization procedure, and then the model must be solved again for the updated process parameters. Thus, a direct numerical solution is needed for each choice of the process parameters, with the subsequent impact on the computing time. In this work we focus on shape optimization that involves the appropriate choice of some parameters defining the problem geometry. The main objective of this work is to describe an original approach for computing an off-line parametric solution. That is, a solution able to include information for different parameter values and also allowing to compute readily the sensitivities. The curse of dimensionality is circumvented by invoking the Proper Generalized Decomposition (PGD) introduced in former works, which is applied here to compute geometrically parametrized solutions.
Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/102442014-01-01T00:00:00ZAMMAR, AmineHUERTA, AntonioCHINESTA, FranciscoCUETO, EliasLEYGUE, AdrienOptimization of manufacturing processes or structures involves the optimal choice of many parameters (process parameters, material parameters or geometrical parameters). Usual strategies proceed by defining a trial choice of those parameters and then solving the resulting model. Then, an appropriate cost function is evaluated and its optimality checked. While the optimum is not reached, the process parameters should be updated by using an appropriate optimization procedure, and then the model must be solved again for the updated process parameters. Thus, a direct numerical solution is needed for each choice of the process parameters, with the subsequent impact on the computing time. In this work we focus on shape optimization that involves the appropriate choice of some parameters defining the problem geometry. The main objective of this work is to describe an original approach for computing an off-line parametric solution. That is, a solution able to include information for different parameter values and also allowing to compute readily the sensitivities. The curse of dimensionality is circumvented by invoking the Proper Generalized Decomposition (PGD) introduced in former works, which is applied here to compute geometrically parametrized solutions.An overview of the proper generalized decomposition with applications in computational rheology
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8473
An overview of the proper generalized decomposition with applications in computational rheology
CHINESTA, Francisco; AMMAR, Amine; LEYGUE, Adrien; KEUNINGS, Roland
We review the foundations and applications of the proper generalized decomposition (PGD), a powerful model reduction technique that computes a priori by means of successive enrichment a separated representation of the unknown field. The computational complexity of the PGD scales linearly with the dimension of the space wherein the model is defined, which is in marked contrast with the exponential scaling of standard grid-based methods. First introduced in the context of computational rheology by Ammar et al. [3] and [4], the PGD has since been further developed and applied in a variety of applications ranging from the solution of the Schrödinger equation of quantum mechanics to the analysis of laminate composites. In this paper, we illustrate the use of the PGD in four problem categories related to computational rheology: (i) the direct solution of the Fokker-Planck equation for complex fluids in configuration spaces of high dimension, (ii) the development of very efficient non-incremental algorithms for transient problems, (iii) the fully three-dimensional solution of problems defined in degenerate plate or shell-like domains often encountered in polymer processing or composites manufacturing, and finally (iv) the solution of multidimensional parametric models obtained by introducing various sources of problem variability as additional coordinates.
Sat, 01 Jan 2011 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/84732011-01-01T00:00:00ZCHINESTA, FranciscoAMMAR, AmineLEYGUE, AdrienKEUNINGS, RolandWe review the foundations and applications of the proper generalized decomposition (PGD), a powerful model reduction technique that computes a priori by means of successive enrichment a separated representation of the unknown field. The computational complexity of the PGD scales linearly with the dimension of the space wherein the model is defined, which is in marked contrast with the exponential scaling of standard grid-based methods. First introduced in the context of computational rheology by Ammar et al. [3] and [4], the PGD has since been further developed and applied in a variety of applications ranging from the solution of the Schrödinger equation of quantum mechanics to the analysis of laminate composites. In this paper, we illustrate the use of the PGD in four problem categories related to computational rheology: (i) the direct solution of the Fokker-Planck equation for complex fluids in configuration spaces of high dimension, (ii) the development of very efficient non-incremental algorithms for transient problems, (iii) the fully three-dimensional solution of problems defined in degenerate plate or shell-like domains often encountered in polymer processing or composites manufacturing, and finally (iv) the solution of multidimensional parametric models obtained by introducing various sources of problem variability as additional coordinates.On the solution of the multidimensional Langer’s equation using the proper generalized decomposition method for modeling phase transitions
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8479
On the solution of the multidimensional Langer’s equation using the proper generalized decomposition method for modeling phase transitions
LAMARI, Hajer; AMMAR, Amine; LEYGUE, Adrien; CHINESTA, Francisco
The dynamics of phase transition in a binary mixture occurring during a quench is studied taking into account composition fluctuations by solving Langer’s equation in a domain composed of a certain number of micro-domains. The resulting Langer’s equation governing the evolution of the distribution function becomes multidimensional. Circumventing the curse of dimensionality the proper generalized decomposition is applied. The influence of the interaction parameter in the vicinity of the critical point is analyzed. First we address the case of a system composed of a single micro-domain in which phase transition occurs by a simple symmetry change. Next, we consider a system composed of two micro-domains in which phase transition occurs by phase separation, with special emphasis on the effect of the Landau free energy non-local term. Finally, some systems consisting of many micro-domains are considered.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0965-0393/20/1/015007
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/84792012-01-01T00:00:00ZLAMARI, HajerAMMAR, AmineLEYGUE, AdrienCHINESTA, FranciscoThe dynamics of phase transition in a binary mixture occurring during a quench is studied taking into account composition fluctuations by solving Langer’s equation in a domain composed of a certain number of micro-domains. The resulting Langer’s equation governing the evolution of the distribution function becomes multidimensional. Circumventing the curse of dimensionality the proper generalized decomposition is applied. The influence of the interaction parameter in the vicinity of the critical point is analyzed. First we address the case of a system composed of a single micro-domain in which phase transition occurs by a simple symmetry change. Next, we consider a system composed of two micro-domains in which phase transition occurs by phase separation, with special emphasis on the effect of the Landau free energy non-local term. Finally, some systems consisting of many micro-domains are considered.On the solution of the heat equation in very thin tapes
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8490
On the solution of the heat equation in very thin tapes
PRULIERE, Etienne; CHINESTA, Francisco; AMMAR, Amine; LEYGUE, Adrien; POITOU, Arnaud
This papers addresses two issues usually encountered when simulating thermal processes in forming processes involving tape-type geometries, as is the case of tape or tow placement, surface treatments, ... The first issue concerns the necessity of solving the transient model a huge number of times because the thermal loads are moving very fast on the surface of the part and the thermal model is usually nonlinear. The second issue concerns the degenerate geometry that we consider in which the thickness is usually much lower than the in-plane characteristic length. The solution of such 3D models involving fine meshes in all the directions becomes rapidly intractable despite the huge recent progresses in computer sciences. In this paper we propose to consider a reduced and fully space-time separated representation of the unknown field. This choice allows circumventing both issues allowing the solution of extremely fine models very fast, sometimes in real time.
Tue, 01 Jan 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/84902013-01-01T00:00:00ZPRULIERE, EtienneCHINESTA, FranciscoAMMAR, AmineLEYGUE, AdrienPOITOU, ArnaudThis papers addresses two issues usually encountered when simulating thermal processes in forming processes involving tape-type geometries, as is the case of tape or tow placement, surface treatments, ... The first issue concerns the necessity of solving the transient model a huge number of times because the thermal loads are moving very fast on the surface of the part and the thermal model is usually nonlinear. The second issue concerns the degenerate geometry that we consider in which the thickness is usually much lower than the in-plane characteristic length. The solution of such 3D models involving fine meshes in all the directions becomes rapidly intractable despite the huge recent progresses in computer sciences. In this paper we propose to consider a reduced and fully space-time separated representation of the unknown field. This choice allows circumventing both issues allowing the solution of extremely fine models very fast, sometimes in real time.On the solution of the heat equation in very thin tapes
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/14857
On the solution of the heat equation in very thin tapes
PRULIERE, Etienne; CHINESTA, Francisco; AMMAR, Amine; LEYGUE, Adrien; POITOU, Arnaud
This paper addresses two issues usually encountered when simulating thermal processes in forming processes involving tape-type geometries, as is the case of tape or tow placement, surface treatments, / The first issue concerns the necessity of solving the transient model a huge number of times because the thermal loads are moving very fast on the surface of the part and the thermal model is usually non-linear. The second issue concerns the degenerate geometry that we consider in which the thickness is usually much lower than the in-plane characteristic length. The solution of such 3D models involving fine meshes in all the directions becomes rapidly intractable despite the huge recent progresses in computer sciences. In this paper we propose to consider a fully space-time separated representation of the unknown field. This choice allows circumventing both issues allowing the solution of extremely fine models very fast, sometimes in real time.
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/148572012-01-01T00:00:00ZPRULIERE, EtienneCHINESTA, FranciscoAMMAR, AmineLEYGUE, AdrienPOITOU, ArnaudThis paper addresses two issues usually encountered when simulating thermal processes in forming processes involving tape-type geometries, as is the case of tape or tow placement, surface treatments, / The first issue concerns the necessity of solving the transient model a huge number of times because the thermal loads are moving very fast on the surface of the part and the thermal model is usually non-linear. The second issue concerns the degenerate geometry that we consider in which the thickness is usually much lower than the in-plane characteristic length. The solution of such 3D models involving fine meshes in all the directions becomes rapidly intractable despite the huge recent progresses in computer sciences. In this paper we propose to consider a fully space-time separated representation of the unknown field. This choice allows circumventing both issues allowing the solution of extremely fine models very fast, sometimes in real time.