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http://hdl.handle.net/10985/22535
Subharmonic centrifugal pendulum vibration absorbers allowing a rotational mobility
MAHE, V.; RENAULT, Alexandre; GROLET, Aurélien; MAHE, Hervé; THOMAS, Olivier
Rotating machines are often subjected to fluctuating torques, leading to vibrations of the rotor and finally to premature fatigue and noise pollution. This work addresses a new design of centrifugal pendulum vibration absorbers (CPVAs), used to reduce the vibrations in an automotive transmission line. These passive devices, composed of several masses oscillating along a trajectory relative to the rotor, are here tuned at a subharmonic of the targeted harmonic torque frequency. Thanks to the inherent non-linearities, a CPVA with two masses oscillating in phase opposition is able to efficiently counteract the input torque, with particular features such as saturation phenomena. This work particularly extends previous works to a new class of CPVA, whose peculiarity is that masses admit a significant rotation motion relative to the rotor, thus adding the benefit of their rotatory inertia. Results on the system’s subharmonic response and its stability are obtained thanks to an analytical perturbation method, and design
guidelines are proposed. The validity of those results is also confirmed through comparisons with numerical solutions and the performance of this subharmonic system is compared to that of a classical CPVA tuned at the torque frequency.
Thu, 01 Sep 2022 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/225352022-09-01T00:00:00ZMAHE, V.RENAULT, AlexandreGROLET, AurélienMAHE, HervéTHOMAS, OlivierRotating machines are often subjected to fluctuating torques, leading to vibrations of the rotor and finally to premature fatigue and noise pollution. This work addresses a new design of centrifugal pendulum vibration absorbers (CPVAs), used to reduce the vibrations in an automotive transmission line. These passive devices, composed of several masses oscillating along a trajectory relative to the rotor, are here tuned at a subharmonic of the targeted harmonic torque frequency. Thanks to the inherent non-linearities, a CPVA with two masses oscillating in phase opposition is able to efficiently counteract the input torque, with particular features such as saturation phenomena. This work particularly extends previous works to a new class of CPVA, whose peculiarity is that masses admit a significant rotation motion relative to the rotor, thus adding the benefit of their rotatory inertia. Results on the system’s subharmonic response and its stability are obtained thanks to an analytical perturbation method, and design
guidelines are proposed. The validity of those results is also confirmed through comparisons with numerical solutions and the performance of this subharmonic system is compared to that of a classical CPVA tuned at the torque frequency.Dynamic stability of centrifugal pendulum vibration absorbers allowing a rotational mobility
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/22538
Dynamic stability of centrifugal pendulum vibration absorbers allowing a rotational mobility
MAHE, V.; RENAULT, Alexandre; GROLET, Aurélien; THOMAS, Olivier; MAHE, Hervé
Centrifugal pendulum vibration absorbers (CPVA) are used in the automobile industry to reduce the vibrations of the transmission system. These passive devices are made of several masses oscillating along a given trajectory relative to the rotor. In this paper, the dynamic stability of a new class of CPVA is investigated. The particularity of this new class is that masses now admit a
significant rotation motion relative to the rotor, in addition to the traditional translation motion. The efficiency of such devices is optimal for a perfect synchronous motion of the oscillating masses. However, masses unison can be broken for the benefit of energy localisation on a given absorber, leading to a loss of mitigation performances. To assess the stability of such devices,
a dynamical model based on an analytic perturbation method is established. The aim of this model is to predict analytically localisation and jumps of the response. The validity of the model is confirmed through a comparison with both a numerical resolution of the system’s dynamics and an experimental study.
Sat, 01 Jan 2022 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/225382022-01-01T00:00:00ZMAHE, V.RENAULT, AlexandreGROLET, AurélienTHOMAS, OlivierMAHE, HervéCentrifugal pendulum vibration absorbers (CPVA) are used in the automobile industry to reduce the vibrations of the transmission system. These passive devices are made of several masses oscillating along a given trajectory relative to the rotor. In this paper, the dynamic stability of a new class of CPVA is investigated. The particularity of this new class is that masses now admit a
significant rotation motion relative to the rotor, in addition to the traditional translation motion. The efficiency of such devices is optimal for a perfect synchronous motion of the oscillating masses. However, masses unison can be broken for the benefit of energy localisation on a given absorber, leading to a loss of mitigation performances. To assess the stability of such devices,
a dynamical model based on an analytic perturbation method is established. The aim of this model is to predict analytically localisation and jumps of the response. The validity of the model is confirmed through a comparison with both a numerical resolution of the system’s dynamics and an experimental study.Tunable electromagnetic resonant shunt using pulse-width modulation
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/21535
Tunable electromagnetic resonant shunt using pulse-width modulation
AULELEY, Michel; GIRAUD-AUDINE, Christophe; MAHE, Hervé; THOMAS, Olivier
This article proposes a novel mean for tuning the natural frequency of an electromagnetic resonant shunt, using a pulse-width modulation (PWM) circuit. It is used to modulate the value of the capacitance of the shunt, and the electrical frequency is shown to be proportional to the command parameter of the PWM, the duty cycle. An easy and efficient strategy to tune the resonant shunt in real time is then proposed, thus obtaining a low powered and always stable vibration control device. The article proposes the theory of PWM, giving a robust method to predict the dynamics of the system. Then, an accurate multi-mode theoretical model of the tunable resonant shunt coupled to an elastic structure is proposed and experimentally validated on an elastic multi-mode structure, in the case of two different control strategies. The first one is a standard resonant shunt with both the electrical frequency and damping optimized to reduce a given resonance peak. The second one is based on a resonant shunt with the electrical damping as low as possible, which creates an antiresonance and a “notch” type mechanical response at the driving frequency. Both strategies are experimentally validated with real time variation and adaptation of the electrical frequency, obtaining an efficient vibration control device, able to reduce by a factor 40 the vibration level.
Fri, 01 Jan 2021 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/215352021-01-01T00:00:00ZAULELEY, MichelGIRAUD-AUDINE, ChristopheMAHE, HervéTHOMAS, OlivierThis article proposes a novel mean for tuning the natural frequency of an electromagnetic resonant shunt, using a pulse-width modulation (PWM) circuit. It is used to modulate the value of the capacitance of the shunt, and the electrical frequency is shown to be proportional to the command parameter of the PWM, the duty cycle. An easy and efficient strategy to tune the resonant shunt in real time is then proposed, thus obtaining a low powered and always stable vibration control device. The article proposes the theory of PWM, giving a robust method to predict the dynamics of the system. Then, an accurate multi-mode theoretical model of the tunable resonant shunt coupled to an elastic structure is proposed and experimentally validated on an elastic multi-mode structure, in the case of two different control strategies. The first one is a standard resonant shunt with both the electrical frequency and damping optimized to reduce a given resonance peak. The second one is based on a resonant shunt with the electrical damping as low as possible, which creates an antiresonance and a “notch” type mechanical response at the driving frequency. Both strategies are experimentally validated with real time variation and adaptation of the electrical frequency, obtaining an efficient vibration control device, able to reduce by a factor 40 the vibration level.