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The DSpace digital repository system captures, stores, indexes, preserves, and distributes digital research material.Tue, 19 Nov 2019 18:42:59 GMT2019-11-19T18:42:59ZAn Efficient Control of a Series Connected Two-Synchronous Motor 5-Phase with Non Sinusoidal EMF Supplied by a Single 5-leg VSI: Experimental and Theoretical Investigations
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6820
An Efficient Control of a Series Connected Two-Synchronous Motor 5-Phase with Non Sinusoidal EMF Supplied by a Single 5-leg VSI: Experimental and Theoretical Investigations
MEKRI, Fatiha; CHARPENTIER, Jean-Frederic; SEMAIL, Eric
This paper proposes the control scheme of an original drive which is made up of two 5-phase permanent magnet synchronous machines (PMSM) connected in series. Even if the Electro-Motive Forces (EMF) are trapezoidal, it is possible, by using a special series connection between the two machines and by implementing a special vector control, to impose independent torques and speeds with a single fiveleg Voltage Source Inverter (VSI). If special series-connection with classical vector control is sufficient to achieve flux/torque decoupling when the EMFs are sinusoidal, it is necessary to modify the control scheme when the EMFs are not sinusoidal. Simulations and experimental results demonstrate the efficiency of the independent control of the two 5-phase synchronous machines connected in series, and the efficiency of the proposed improved control for different loads.
Lien vers la version finale éditeur <http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378779612001393>
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/68202012-01-01T00:00:00ZMEKRI, FatihaCHARPENTIER, Jean-FredericSEMAIL, EricThis paper proposes the control scheme of an original drive which is made up of two 5-phase permanent magnet synchronous machines (PMSM) connected in series. Even if the Electro-Motive Forces (EMF) are trapezoidal, it is possible, by using a special series connection between the two machines and by implementing a special vector control, to impose independent torques and speeds with a single fiveleg Voltage Source Inverter (VSI). If special series-connection with classical vector control is sufficient to achieve flux/torque decoupling when the EMFs are sinusoidal, it is necessary to modify the control scheme when the EMFs are not sinusoidal. Simulations and experimental results demonstrate the efficiency of the independent control of the two 5-phase synchronous machines connected in series, and the efficiency of the proposed improved control for different loads.Sensitivity of a 5-phase Brushless DC machine to the 7th harmonic of the back-electromotive force
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/10781
Sensitivity of a 5-phase Brushless DC machine to the 7th harmonic of the back-electromotive force
SEMAIL, Eric; KESTELYN, Xavier; BOUSCAYROL, Alain
This paper presents a vector control of a 5-phase drive composed of a 5-leg Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) supplying a permanent-magnet Brushless DC (BLDC) machine with trapezoidal waveform of the back-electromotive force (EMF). To achieve this control a Multi-machine Multi-converter model is used: the 5-phase machine is transformed into a set of two 2-phase fictitious machines which are each one controlled in a (d,q) frame as 3-phase machines with sine waveform back-EMF. In comparison with the 3-phase BLDC drives, the 5-phase ones present one particularity: a high sensitivity to the 7th harmonic of back-EMF. Experimental results show that the 7th harmonic of back-EMF, which represents only 5% of RMS back-EMF, induces high amplitude parasitic currents (29 % percent of RMS current). The model allows to explain the origin of this sensitivity and how to modify simply the control algorithm. Experimental improvements of the drive are presented.
Thu, 01 Jan 2004 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/107812004-01-01T00:00:00ZSEMAIL, EricKESTELYN, XavierBOUSCAYROL, AlainThis paper presents a vector control of a 5-phase drive composed of a 5-leg Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) Voltage Source Inverter (VSI) supplying a permanent-magnet Brushless DC (BLDC) machine with trapezoidal waveform of the back-electromotive force (EMF). To achieve this control a Multi-machine Multi-converter model is used: the 5-phase machine is transformed into a set of two 2-phase fictitious machines which are each one controlled in a (d,q) frame as 3-phase machines with sine waveform back-EMF. In comparison with the 3-phase BLDC drives, the 5-phase ones present one particularity: a high sensitivity to the 7th harmonic of back-EMF. Experimental results show that the 7th harmonic of back-EMF, which represents only 5% of RMS back-EMF, induces high amplitude parasitic currents (29 % percent of RMS current). The model allows to explain the origin of this sensitivity and how to modify simply the control algorithm. Experimental improvements of the drive are presented.Analytical Optimal Currents for Multiphase PMSMs Under Fault Conditions and Saturation
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8410
Analytical Optimal Currents for Multiphase PMSMs Under Fault Conditions and Saturation
NGUYEN, Ngac Ky; FLIELLER, Damien; KESTELYN, Xavier; SEMAIL, Eric
An original analytical expression is presented in this paper to obtain optimal currents minimizing the copper losses of a multi-phase Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) under fault conditions. Based on the existing solutions [i]opt1 (without zero sequence of current constraint) and [i]opt2 (with zero sequence constraint), this new expression of currents [i]opt3 is obtained by means of a geometrical representation and can be applied to open-circuit, defect of current regulation, current saturation and machine phase short-circuit fault. Simulation results are presented to validate the proposed approach.
Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/84102014-01-01T00:00:00ZNGUYEN, Ngac KyFLIELLER, DamienKESTELYN, XavierSEMAIL, EricAn original analytical expression is presented in this paper to obtain optimal currents minimizing the copper losses of a multi-phase Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (PMSM) under fault conditions. Based on the existing solutions [i]opt1 (without zero sequence of current constraint) and [i]opt2 (with zero sequence constraint), this new expression of currents [i]opt3 is obtained by means of a geometrical representation and can be applied to open-circuit, defect of current regulation, current saturation and machine phase short-circuit fault. Simulation results are presented to validate the proposed approach.Analytical Model of Magnet Eddy-Current Volume Losses in Multi-phase PM Machines with Concentrated Winding
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6954
Analytical Model of Magnet Eddy-Current Volume Losses in Multi-phase PM Machines with Concentrated Winding
ASLAN, Bassel; SEMAIL, Eric; LEGRANGER, Jerome
this paper studies magnet eddy-current losses in permanent magnet (PM) machines with concentrated winding. First of all, space harmonics of magnetomotive force (MMF) and their influence on magnet losses in electrical machines are investigated. Secondly, analytical model of magnet volume losses is developed by studying the interaction between MMF harmonics wavelengths and magnet pole dimensions. Different cases of this interaction are studied according to the ratio between each harmonic wavelength and magnet pole width (following flux density variation). Then various losses sub-models are deduced. Finally, using this analytical model, magnet volume losses for many slots/poles combinations of 3, 5, and 7 phase machines with concentrated winding are compared. This comparison leads to classify combinations into different families depending on their magnet losses level. Besides, in order to validate the theoretical study, Finite Element models are built and simulation results are compared with analytical calculations.
Thanks to IEEE. The original PDF of the article can be found at: http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/login.jsp?tp=&arnumber=6342330&url=http%3A%2F%2Fieeexplore.ieee.org%2Fxpls%2Fabs_all.jsp%3Farnumber%3D6342330 MHYGALE, project managed by VALEO-EEM
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/69542012-01-01T00:00:00ZASLAN, BasselSEMAIL, EricLEGRANGER, Jeromethis paper studies magnet eddy-current losses in permanent magnet (PM) machines with concentrated winding. First of all, space harmonics of magnetomotive force (MMF) and their influence on magnet losses in electrical machines are investigated. Secondly, analytical model of magnet volume losses is developed by studying the interaction between MMF harmonics wavelengths and magnet pole dimensions. Different cases of this interaction are studied according to the ratio between each harmonic wavelength and magnet pole width (following flux density variation). Then various losses sub-models are deduced. Finally, using this analytical model, magnet volume losses for many slots/poles combinations of 3, 5, and 7 phase machines with concentrated winding are compared. This comparison leads to classify combinations into different families depending on their magnet losses level. Besides, in order to validate the theoretical study, Finite Element models are built and simulation results are compared with analytical calculations.Multi-phase System Supplied by SVM VSI: A New Fast Algorithm to Compute Duty Cycles
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6998
Multi-phase System Supplied by SVM VSI: A New Fast Algorithm to Compute Duty Cycles
KESTELYN, Xavier; SEMAIL, Eric; HAUTIER, Jean-Paul
Many authors proposed SVM VSI applied to multi-phase drives.
La version éditeur de cette article est disponible à l'adresse suivante : http://www.epe-association.org/epe/index.php
Thu, 01 Jan 2004 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/69982004-01-01T00:00:00ZKESTELYN, XavierSEMAIL, EricHAUTIER, Jean-PaulMany authors proposed SVM VSI applied to multi-phase drives.Flux Weakening Strategy Optimization for Five-Phase PM Machine with Concentrated Windings
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/7315
Flux Weakening Strategy Optimization for Five-Phase PM Machine with Concentrated Windings
JILIN, Gong; ASLAN, Bassel; SEMAIL, Eric; GILLON, Frédéric
The paper applies an Efficient Global Optimization method (EGO) to improve the efficiency, in flux weakening region, of a given 5-phase Permanent Magnet (PM) machine. An optimal control for the four independent currents is thus defined. Moreover, a modification proposal of the machine geometry is added to the optimization process of the global drive. The effectiveness of the method allows solving the challenge which consists in taking into account inside the control strategy the eddy-current losses in magnets and iron. In fact, magnet losses are a critical point to protect the machine from demagnetization in flux-weakening region. But these losses, which highly depend on magnetic state of the machine, must be calculated by Finite Element Method (FEM) to be accurate. The FEM has the drawback to be time consuming. It is why a direct optimization using FEM is critical. EGO method, using sparingly FEM, allows to find a feasible solution to this hard optimization problem of control and design of multi-phase drive.
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/73152012-01-01T00:00:00ZJILIN, GongASLAN, BasselSEMAIL, EricGILLON, FrédéricThe paper applies an Efficient Global Optimization method (EGO) to improve the efficiency, in flux weakening region, of a given 5-phase Permanent Magnet (PM) machine. An optimal control for the four independent currents is thus defined. Moreover, a modification proposal of the machine geometry is added to the optimization process of the global drive. The effectiveness of the method allows solving the challenge which consists in taking into account inside the control strategy the eddy-current losses in magnets and iron. In fact, magnet losses are a critical point to protect the machine from demagnetization in flux-weakening region. But these losses, which highly depend on magnetic state of the machine, must be calculated by Finite Element Method (FEM) to be accurate. The FEM has the drawback to be time consuming. It is why a direct optimization using FEM is critical. EGO method, using sparingly FEM, allows to find a feasible solution to this hard optimization problem of control and design of multi-phase drive.Signal-based Technique for Fault Detection and Isolation of Inverter Faults in Multi-phase Drives
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6817
Signal-based Technique for Fault Detection and Isolation of Inverter Faults in Multi-phase Drives
MEINGUET, Fabien; SANDULESCU, Paul; ASLAN, Bassel; LU, Li; NGUYEN, Ngac Ky; KESTELYN, Xavier; SEMAIL, Eric
A method for fault detection and isolation is proposed and applied to inverter faults in multi-phase drives. An analysis of simulations in faulty conditions leads to the derivation of suitable fault indices. These are based on the unbalance of the phase currents and their instantaneous frequency. The method is applied to a five-phase permanent-magnet synchronous machine drive. Simulations and experiments validate the proposed method.
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/68172012-01-01T00:00:00ZMEINGUET, FabienSANDULESCU, PaulASLAN, BasselLU, LiNGUYEN, Ngac KyKESTELYN, XavierSEMAIL, EricA method for fault detection and isolation is proposed and applied to inverter faults in multi-phase drives. An analysis of simulations in faulty conditions leads to the derivation of suitable fault indices. These are based on the unbalance of the phase currents and their instantaneous frequency. The method is applied to a five-phase permanent-magnet synchronous machine drive. Simulations and experiments validate the proposed method.Inversion-based control of electromechanical systems using causal graphical descriptions
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/9276
Inversion-based control of electromechanical systems using causal graphical descriptions
BARRE, Pierre-Jean; BOUSCAYROL, Alain; DELARUE, Philippe; DUMETZ, Eric; GIRAUD, Frédéric; HAUTIER, Jean-Paul; KESTELYN, Xavier; LEMAIRE-SEMAIL, Betty; SEMAIL, Eric
Causal Ordering Graph and Energetic Macroscopic Representation are graphical descriptions to model electromechanical systems using integral causality. Inversion rules have been defined in order to deduce control structure step-bystep from these graphical descriptions. These two modeling tools can be used together to develop a two-layer control of system with complex parts. A double-drive paper system is taken as an example. The deduced control yields good performances of tension regulation and velocity tracking.
Sun, 01 Jan 2006 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/92762006-01-01T00:00:00ZBARRE, Pierre-JeanBOUSCAYROL, AlainDELARUE, PhilippeDUMETZ, EricGIRAUD, FrédéricHAUTIER, Jean-PaulKESTELYN, XavierLEMAIRE-SEMAIL, BettySEMAIL, EricCausal Ordering Graph and Energetic Macroscopic Representation are graphical descriptions to model electromechanical systems using integral causality. Inversion rules have been defined in order to deduce control structure step-bystep from these graphical descriptions. These two modeling tools can be used together to develop a two-layer control of system with complex parts. A double-drive paper system is taken as an example. The deduced control yields good performances of tension regulation and velocity tracking.Right Harmonic Spectrum for the back-electromotive force of a n-phase synchronous motor
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/9274
Right Harmonic Spectrum for the back-electromotive force of a n-phase synchronous motor
SEMAIL, Eric; KESTELYN, Xavier; BOUSCAYROL, Alain
This paper deals with a vector control of n-phase permanent magnet synchronous machine. To use control algorithms already developed for sine-wave 3-phase machines, the spectrum of back electromotive force (EMF) must contain only odd 2k+1 harmonics which verify the following inequality, 1≤ 2k +1< n . In an experimental vector control of a 5-phase drive, two usual algorithms of sine-wave 3-phase machine are thus used to supply a machine with trapezoidal waveform back EMF. In this case, the first and third harmonics are used to produce torque: the other harmonics, and particularly the 7th one, induce effects as torque ripples and parasitic currents.
Thu, 01 Jan 2004 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/92742004-01-01T00:00:00ZSEMAIL, EricKESTELYN, XavierBOUSCAYROL, AlainThis paper deals with a vector control of n-phase permanent magnet synchronous machine. To use control algorithms already developed for sine-wave 3-phase machines, the spectrum of back electromotive force (EMF) must contain only odd 2k+1 harmonics which verify the following inequality, 1≤ 2k +1< n . In an experimental vector control of a 5-phase drive, two usual algorithms of sine-wave 3-phase machine are thus used to supply a machine with trapezoidal waveform back EMF. In this case, the first and third harmonics are used to produce torque: the other harmonics, and particularly the 7th one, induce effects as torque ripples and parasitic currents.A Multiphase Traction/Fast-Battery-Charger Drive for Electric or Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/6750
A Multiphase Traction/Fast-Battery-Charger Drive for Electric or Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles
SANDULESCU, Paul; KESTELYN, Xavier; SEMAIL, Eric; BRUYERE, Antoine; BOUCHEZ, Boris; DE SOUSA, Luis
For Electric Vehicles (EV), the charger is one of the main technical and economical weaknesses. This paper focuses on an original electric drive [1]-[3] dedicated to the vehicle traction and configurable as a battery charger without need of additional components. This cheap solution can outfit either electric or plug-in hybrid automotive vehicles, without needing additional mass and volume dedicated to the charger. Moreover, it allows a high charging power, for short duration charge cycles. However, this solution needs specific cares concerning the electrical machine control. This paper deals with the control of this drive [1], focusing on traction mode. In introduction, a review is done about topologies of combined on-board chargers. Then, the studied topology is introduced; using a 3-phase brushless machine supplied with a 6-leg Voltage Source Inverter (VSI). A model for its control is defined in the generalized Concordia frame, considering the traction mode. Then, an analysis of this model is established using a multimachine theory and a graphical formalism (the Energetic Macroscopic Representation denoted EMR). Using EMR, a description of energy flows shows specific control constraints. Indeed, numerical simulations illustrate the perturbations on the currents and the torque when controlling the machine with standard control methodologies. An improved control, deduced from the previous analysis, shows good performances, strongly reducing currents and torque ripples.
Fri, 01 Jan 2010 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/67502010-01-01T00:00:00ZSANDULESCU, PaulKESTELYN, XavierSEMAIL, EricBRUYERE, AntoineBOUCHEZ, BorisDE SOUSA, LuisFor Electric Vehicles (EV), the charger is one of the main technical and economical weaknesses. This paper focuses on an original electric drive [1]-[3] dedicated to the vehicle traction and configurable as a battery charger without need of additional components. This cheap solution can outfit either electric or plug-in hybrid automotive vehicles, without needing additional mass and volume dedicated to the charger. Moreover, it allows a high charging power, for short duration charge cycles. However, this solution needs specific cares concerning the electrical machine control. This paper deals with the control of this drive [1], focusing on traction mode. In introduction, a review is done about topologies of combined on-board chargers. Then, the studied topology is introduced; using a 3-phase brushless machine supplied with a 6-leg Voltage Source Inverter (VSI). A model for its control is defined in the generalized Concordia frame, considering the traction mode. Then, an analysis of this model is established using a multimachine theory and a graphical formalism (the Energetic Macroscopic Representation denoted EMR). Using EMR, a description of energy flows shows specific control constraints. Indeed, numerical simulations illustrate the perturbations on the currents and the torque when controlling the machine with standard control methodologies. An improved control, deduced from the previous analysis, shows good performances, strongly reducing currents and torque ripples.