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The DSpace digital repository system captures, stores, indexes, preserves, and distributes digital research material.Sun, 25 Aug 2019 02:58:31 GMT2019-08-25T02:58:31ZIdentification of mode couplings in nonlinear vibrations of the steelpan
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8943
Identification of mode couplings in nonlinear vibrations of the steelpan
MONTEIL, Mélodie; THOMAS, Olivier; TOUZÉ, Cyril
The vibrations and sounds produced by two notes of a double second steelpan are investigated, the main objective being to quantify the nonlinear energy exchanges occurring between vibration modes that are responsible of the peculiar sound of the instrument. A modal analysis first reveals the particular tuning of the modes and the systematic occurence of degenerate modes, from the second one, this feature being a consequence of the tuning and the mode localization. Forced vibrations experiments are then performed to follow precisely the energy exchange between harmonics of the vibration and thus quantify properly the mode couplings. In particular, it is found that energy exchanges are numerous, resulting in complicated frequency response curves even for very small levels of vibration amplitude. Simple models displaying 1:2:2 and 1:2:4 internal resonance are then fitted to the measurements, allowing to identify the values of the nonlinear quadratic coupling coefficients resulting from the geometric nonlinearity. The identified 1:2:4 model is finally used to recover the time domain variations of an impacted note in normal playing condition, resulting in an excellent agreement for the temporal behaviour of the first four harmonics.
The authors are grateful to Bertrand David (Telecom-ParisTech) for computing the code allowing the STFT filtering procedure used in Section 5.1. The filter has been designed in the framework of the PAFI project (Plateforme d’Aide la facture Instrumentale, www.pafi.fr) which is also thanked.
Thu, 01 Jan 2015 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/89432015-01-01T00:00:00ZMONTEIL, MélodieTHOMAS, OlivierTOUZÉ, CyrilThe vibrations and sounds produced by two notes of a double second steelpan are investigated, the main objective being to quantify the nonlinear energy exchanges occurring between vibration modes that are responsible of the peculiar sound of the instrument. A modal analysis first reveals the particular tuning of the modes and the systematic occurence of degenerate modes, from the second one, this feature being a consequence of the tuning and the mode localization. Forced vibrations experiments are then performed to follow precisely the energy exchange between harmonics of the vibration and thus quantify properly the mode couplings. In particular, it is found that energy exchanges are numerous, resulting in complicated frequency response curves even for very small levels of vibration amplitude. Simple models displaying 1:2:2 and 1:2:4 internal resonance are then fitted to the measurements, allowing to identify the values of the nonlinear quadratic coupling coefficients resulting from the geometric nonlinearity. The identified 1:2:4 model is finally used to recover the time domain variations of an impacted note in normal playing condition, resulting in an excellent agreement for the temporal behaviour of the first four harmonics.Nonlinear vibrations of steelpans: analysis of mode coupling in view of modal sound synthesis.
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/10115
Nonlinear vibrations of steelpans: analysis of mode coupling in view of modal sound synthesis.
MONTEIL, Mélodie; TOUZÉ, Cyril; THOMAS, Olivier
Steelpans are musical percussions made from steel barrels. During the manufacturing, the metal is stretched and bended, to produce a set of thin shells that are the differents notes of the instrument. In normal playing, each note is struck, and the sound reveals some nonlinear characteristics which give its peculiar tone to the instrument. In this paper, an experimental approach is first presented in order to show the complex dynamics existing in steelpan’s vibrations. Then two models, based on typical modal interactions, are proposed to quantify these nonlinearities. Finally, one of them is observed in free oscillations simulations, in order to compare the internal resonance model to the steelpan vibrations behaviour in normal playing. The aim is to identify the important modes participating in the vibrations in view of building reduced-order models for modal sound synthesis.
Tue, 01 Jan 2013 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/101152013-01-01T00:00:00ZMONTEIL, MélodieTOUZÉ, CyrilTHOMAS, OlivierSteelpans are musical percussions made from steel barrels. During the manufacturing, the metal is stretched and bended, to produce a set of thin shells that are the differents notes of the instrument. In normal playing, each note is struck, and the sound reveals some nonlinear characteristics which give its peculiar tone to the instrument. In this paper, an experimental approach is first presented in order to show the complex dynamics existing in steelpan’s vibrations. Then two models, based on typical modal interactions, are proposed to quantify these nonlinearities. Finally, one of them is observed in free oscillations simulations, in order to compare the internal resonance model to the steelpan vibrations behaviour in normal playing. The aim is to identify the important modes participating in the vibrations in view of building reduced-order models for modal sound synthesis.An upper bound for validity limits of asymptotic analytical approaches based on normal form theory
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/7473
An upper bound for validity limits of asymptotic analytical approaches based on normal form theory
LAMARQUE, Claude-Henri; TOUZÉ, Cyril; THOMAS, Olivier
Perturbation methods are routinely used in all fields of applied mathematics where analytical solutions for nonlinear dynamical systems are searched. Among them, normal form theory provides a reliable method for systematically simplifying dynamical systems via nonlinear change of coordinates, and is also used in a mechanical context to define Nonlinear Normal Modes (NNMs). The main recognized drawback of perturbation methods is the absence of a criterion establishing their range of validity in terms of amplitude. In this paper, we propose a method to obtain upper bounds for amplitudes of changes of variables in normal form transformations. The criterion is tested on simple mechanical systems with one and two degrees-of-freedom, and for complex as well as real normal form. Its behavior with increasing order in the normal transform is established, and comparisons are drawn between exact solutions and normal form computations for increasing levels of amplitudes. The results clearly establish that the criterion gives an upper bound for validity limit of normal transforms.
Sun, 01 Jan 2012 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/74732012-01-01T00:00:00ZLAMARQUE, Claude-HenriTOUZÉ, CyrilTHOMAS, OlivierPerturbation methods are routinely used in all fields of applied mathematics where analytical solutions for nonlinear dynamical systems are searched. Among them, normal form theory provides a reliable method for systematically simplifying dynamical systems via nonlinear change of coordinates, and is also used in a mechanical context to define Nonlinear Normal Modes (NNMs). The main recognized drawback of perturbation methods is the absence of a criterion establishing their range of validity in terms of amplitude. In this paper, we propose a method to obtain upper bounds for amplitudes of changes of variables in normal form transformations. The criterion is tested on simple mechanical systems with one and two degrees-of-freedom, and for complex as well as real normal form. Its behavior with increasing order in the normal transform is established, and comparisons are drawn between exact solutions and normal form computations for increasing levels of amplitudes. The results clearly establish that the criterion gives an upper bound for validity limit of normal transforms.Conservative Numerical Methods for the Full von Kármán Plate Equations
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/9876
Conservative Numerical Methods for the Full von Kármán Plate Equations
BILBAO, Stefan; THOMAS, Olivier; TOUZÉ, Cyril; DUCCESCHI, Michele
This article is concerned with the numerical solution of the full dynamical von Kármán plate equations for geometrically nonlinear (large-amplitude) vibration in the simple case of a rectangular plate under periodic boundary conditions. This system is composed of three equations describing the time evolution of the transverse displacement field, as well as the two longitudinal displacements. Particular emphasis is put on developing a family of numerical schemes which, when losses are absent, are exactly energy conserving. The methodology thus extends previous work on the simple von Kármán system, for which longitudinal inertia effects are neglected, resulting in a set of two equations for the transverse displacement and an Airy stress function. Both the semidiscrete (in time) and fully discrete schemes are developed. From the numerical energy conservation property, it is possible to arrive at sufficient conditions for numerical stability, under strongly nonlinear conditions. Simulation results are presented, illustrating various features of plate vibration at high amplitudes, as well as the numerical energy conservation property, using both simple finite difference as well as Fourier spectral discretizations.
Thu, 01 Jan 2015 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/98762015-01-01T00:00:00ZBILBAO, StefanTHOMAS, OlivierTOUZÉ, CyrilDUCCESCHI, MicheleThis article is concerned with the numerical solution of the full dynamical von Kármán plate equations for geometrically nonlinear (large-amplitude) vibration in the simple case of a rectangular plate under periodic boundary conditions. This system is composed of three equations describing the time evolution of the transverse displacement field, as well as the two longitudinal displacements. Particular emphasis is put on developing a family of numerical schemes which, when losses are absent, are exactly energy conserving. The methodology thus extends previous work on the simple von Kármán system, for which longitudinal inertia effects are neglected, resulting in a set of two equations for the transverse displacement and an Airy stress function. Both the semidiscrete (in time) and fully discrete schemes are developed. From the numerical energy conservation property, it is possible to arrive at sufficient conditions for numerical stability, under strongly nonlinear conditions. Simulation results are presented, illustrating various features of plate vibration at high amplitudes, as well as the numerical energy conservation property, using both simple finite difference as well as Fourier spectral discretizations.Nonlinear forced vibrations of thin structures with tuned eigenfrequencies: the cases of 1:2:4 and 1:2:2 internal resonances
http://hdl.handle.net/10985/8952
Nonlinear forced vibrations of thin structures with tuned eigenfrequencies: the cases of 1:2:4 and 1:2:2 internal resonances
MONTEIL, Mélodie; TOUZÉ, Cyril; THOMAS, Olivier; BENACCHIO, Simon
This paper is devoted to the analysis of nonlinear forced vibrations of two particular three degrees-of-freedom (dofs) systems exhibiting second order internal resonances resulting from a harmonic tuning of their natural frequencies. The first model considers three modes with eigenfrequencies ω1, ω2, and ω3 such that ω3 = 2ω2 = 4ω1, thus displaying a 1:2:4 internal resonance. The second system exhibits a 1:2:2 internal resonance, so that the frequency relationship reads ω3 ω2 2ω1. Multiple scales method is used to solve analytically the forced oscillations for the two models excited on each degree of freedom at primary resonance. A thorough analytical study is proposed, with a particular emphasis on the stability of the solutions. Parametric investigations allow to get a complete picture of the dynamics of the two systems. Results are systematically compared to the classical 1:2 resonance, in order to understand how the presence of a third oscillator modifies the nonlinear dynamics
Wed, 01 Jan 2014 00:00:00 GMThttp://hdl.handle.net/10985/89522014-01-01T00:00:00ZMONTEIL, MélodieTOUZÉ, CyrilTHOMAS, OlivierBENACCHIO, SimonThis paper is devoted to the analysis of nonlinear forced vibrations of two particular three degrees-of-freedom (dofs) systems exhibiting second order internal resonances resulting from a harmonic tuning of their natural frequencies. The first model considers three modes with eigenfrequencies ω1, ω2, and ω3 such that ω3 = 2ω2 = 4ω1, thus displaying a 1:2:4 internal resonance. The second system exhibits a 1:2:2 internal resonance, so that the frequency relationship reads ω3 ω2 2ω1. Multiple scales method is used to solve analytically the forced oscillations for the two models excited on each degree of freedom at primary resonance. A thorough analytical study is proposed, with a particular emphasis on the stability of the solutions. Parametric investigations allow to get a complete picture of the dynamics of the two systems. Results are systematically compared to the classical 1:2 resonance, in order to understand how the presence of a third oscillator modifies the nonlinear dynamics