Isogeometric shape optimization of smoothed petal auxetic structures via computational periodic homogenization
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
An important feature that drives the auxetic behaviour of the star-shaped auxetic structures is the hinge-functional connection at the vertex connections. This feature poses a great challenge for manufacturing and may lead to significant stress concentrations. To overcome these problems, we introduced smoothed petal-shaped auxetic structures, where the hinges are replaced by smoothed connections. To accommodate the curved features of the petal-shaped auxetics, a parametrisation modelling scheme using multiple NURBS patches is proposed. Next, an integrated shape design frame work using isogeometric analysis is adopted to improve the structural performance. To ensure a minimum thickness for each member, a geometry sizing constraint is imposed via piece-wise bounding polynomials. This geometry sizing constraint, in the context of isogeometric shape optimization, is particularly interesting due to the non-interpolatory nature of NURBS basis. The effective Poisson ratio is used directly as the objective function, and an adjoint sensitivity analysis is carried out. The optimized designs – smoothed petal auxetic structures – are shown to achieve low negative Poisson’s ratios, while the difficulties of manufacturing the hinges are avoided. For the case with six petals, an in-plane isotropy is achieved.
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