On functional signatures of bare and coated formwork skin surfaces
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
The sticking of the concrete on metallic formworks during building construction generates many concrete wall defects. Several solutions have been proposed, among which surface lubrication and polymeric coatings are commonly applied. In this paper, the main functional signatures of a steel formwork skin and a polymeric coating were determined to understand their effect on the concrete sticking. The topographical, chemical and mechanical signatures of the surfaces were characterized at near-surface regions. The top of the steel formwork a 10 mm-thick layer is constituted of two oxides each one having specific tribological properties. Adding the polymeric coating on the formwork skin surface lowers its surface tension, which lowers the sticking by reducing the wettability. Moreover, the smaller roughness of the coating limits the susceptibility of mechanical anchoring. Nevertheless, scratch testing suggests a short durability of the polymeric coating due to its weak resistance to abrasion
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