New developments in fracture of rubbers: Predictive tools and influence of thermal aging
TypeArticles dans des revues avec comité de lecture
In this work, the influence of thermal oxidative aging on the ultimate mechanical properties of rubbers is investigated. Two new approaches to predict failure properties are proposed. The first one is the stress limiter approach that uses a “damage” parameter allowing determination of the failure stress and strain of an aged material knowing both the mechanical properties and macromolecular network characteristics of an as-received material. The second one is an extension of the energy limiter approach that suggests capturing the drop of the stress at failure by replacing the strain energy density function of an as-received elastomeric material by a function expressed in terms of an energy limiter. The predictive capabilities of these two approaches are validated using experimental results for two elastomeric materials: an EPDM and a polychloroprene (CR), both of which exhibit a largely predominant post-crosslinking (over chain scissions) during aging. Comparison between the predictions and the experimental results in terms of failure stresses and strains under uniaxial tension showed a good agreement. Consequently, these two approaches are promising tools for designing elastomeric parts subjected to thermal oxidative aging.
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