Small wind turbine augmentation: Experimental investigations of shrouded- and twin-rotor wind turbine systems
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
An increase in the efficiency of Small Wind Turbines (SWTs) by aerodynamic optimisation of the blade geometry is limited (low Reynolds number influence). Solutions such as the Diffuser-Augmented Wind Turbine (DAWT) and the twin-rotor systems are of increasing interest. A diffuser promotes an increase in the wind mass flow rate through the turbine, whereas an auxiliary rotor enables extraction of the wind kinetic energy in the wake. The paper summarizes the measurements of wind turbine systems performance conducted at the Institute of Turbomachinery, Lodz University of Technology (IMP TUL). The research incorporated a spectrum of wind turbine configurations for open and shrouded, single- and twin-rotor systems. The objective was to compare the performance of the same rotor in different configurations. The influence of a low Reynolds number flow on the rotor performance is also discussed and quantified. The study shows that, while augmenting the wind turbine performance (as much as twofold increase), shrouding rises significantly the rotor loading. A remedy for that may be an application of the second rotor. Although it provides a rather modest efficiency increase (11–13% for the unshrouded-, 4–5% for shrouded turbine), it allows loads to be distributed more evenly on turbines.
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