Scalar-based strain gradient plasticity theory to model size-dependent kinematic hardening effects
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
A common belief in phenomenological strain gradient plasticity modeling is that including the gradient of scalar variables in the constitutive setting leads to size-dependent isotropic hardening, whereas the gradient of second-order tensors induces size-dependent kinematic hardening. The present paper shows that it is also possible to produce size-dependent kinematic hardening using scalar-based gradient theory. For this purpose, a new model involving the gradient of the equivalent plastic strain is developed and compared with two reference scalar-based and tensor-based theories. Theoretical investigations using simple monotonic loading conditions are first presented to assess the ability of the proposed model to solve some issues related to existing scalar-based gradient theories. Simulations under cyclic loading conditions are then provided to investigate the nature of the resulting hardening. These simulations show that the proposed model is capable of producing size-dependent kinematic hardening effects at more affordable costs, compared to existing tensor-based strain gradient plasticity theories.
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