Numerical Study on the Effect of an Off-Surface Micro-Rod Vortex Generator Placed Upstream NACA0012 Aerofoil
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
In this paper, 3D numerical simulations have been carried out to enhance the understanding of a flow over a passive control device composed of micro cylinder with, d/c = 1.34% placed in the vicinity of NACA0012 aerofoil wing, by means of γ–Reθt transition sensitive turbulence model meant to predict the separation induced by transition achieved for aerofoils operating at moderate Reynolds number (Re = 4.45×105). Results show that the separation of the boundary layer has been eliminated by the passive static vortex generator at stall regime due to the injection of free-stream momentum to the boundary layer. The early transition to turbulent state overcomes the local flow deceleration of an adverse pressure gradient and remains sticked to the wall the boundary layer. Furthermore, the wing aerodynamic performance are improved as drag is reduced and lift is enhanced which is straight forward linked to the lift to drag ratio gain that varies from 22.68% to 134.17% at post stall angles of attack.
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