Segmental Relaxation Dynamics in Amorphous Polylactide Exposed to UV Light
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
The degradation of polylactide (PLA) under UV exposure is investigated in terms of cooperativity and kinetic fragility at the glass transition. In the first part, possibly coexisting degradation mechanisms are evoked from the interpretation of the infrared spectroscopy analyses. Furthermore, the reduction of PLA chain length, owing to photolytic scissions predominant over local crosslinks, is assessed from chromatography, and confirmed by the shift of the glass transition temperature toward lower temperature. Modulated temperature thermogravimetric analysis (MT-TGA) also shows that the activation energy needed to initiate thermal degradation falls after UV exposure. In the second part, the impact of UV-induced degradation on the cooperative rearranging region (CRR) size and the kinetic fragility, respectively, calculated thanks to calorimetric and dielectric measurements, is discussed. Despite the assumed concomitance of several degradation mechanisms, it is observed that the glass transition, the kinetic fragility, and the CRR size decrease together with the exposure time. Moreover, it is found that the data align well on another trend depicting the change in the relaxation properties caused by plasticization of PLA. Thus, the variations of segmental relaxation properties caused by UV may be related to the increase of free volume linked to the damaging of the PLA structure.
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Article dans une revue avec comité de lectureVAROL, N.; DELPOUVE, Nicolas; ARAUJO, Steven; DOMENEK, Sandra; GUINAULT, Alain; GOLOVCHAK, Roman; INGRAM, A.; DELBREILH, Laurent; DARGENT, Eric (Elsevier, 2020)Plasticization of amorphous polylactide shifts the glass transition and extends its temperature range of crystallization to lower temperatures. In this work, we focus on how low−temperature crystallization impacts the ...
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