Evaluation of residual stress relaxation and its effect on fatigue strength of AISI 316L stainless steel ground surfaces: Experimental and numerical approaches
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
This paper is aimed at evaluating the residual stress relaxation and its effect on the fatigue strength of AISI 316L steel ground surfaces in comparison to electro-polished surfaces. An experimental evaluation was performed using 3-point and 4-point bending fatigue tests at Rr = 0.1 on two sets of notched spec-imens ﬁnished by electro-polishing and grinding. The residual stress ﬁelds were measured at the notch root of specimens, before and after fatigue tests, by means of the X-ray diffraction technique. It was found a degradation of about 35% for the 4-point bending fatigue limit at 2 106 cycles of the ground spec-imens in comparison to the electro-polished ones. This degradation is associated with a slight relaxation of the grinding residual stresses which remain signiﬁcant tensile stresses at the stabilized state. While under the 3-point bending test, these residual stresses relax completely and provoke a noticeable increase of the fatigue limit estimated at about 50% in comparison to the 4-point bending fatigue test. The numerical evaluation of residual stress relaxation was carried out by FE analyses of the cyclic hard-ening behaviour of the ground layer. The isotropic and nonlinear kinematic model proposed by Chaboche was used and calibrated for the base material and the ground layer. The results show that residual stres-ses relax to a stabilized state characterized by elastic-shakedown response. This stabilization is occurred after the ﬁrst cycle of the 4-point bending test corresponding to the higher stress concentration (Kt- 4p = 1.66), while it requires many cycles under the 3-point bending test corresponding to the lower stress concentration (Kt-3p = 1.54). The incorporation of stabilized residual stress values into the Dang Van’s cri-terion has permitted to predict with an acceptable accuracy the fatigue limits under both bending modes.
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