State of the art of plastic sorting and recycling : Feedback to vehicle design
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
Today car manufacturers are beginning to integrate recycling constraints in the first stages of the design of a new car due to their concern regarding the effects of car design on the recovery of material after End-of-Life Vehicle treatment. Improved understanding of the recycling process can help designers to avoid contaminants in the recycled product and improve the efficiency of current and new sorting methods. The main goal of this paper is to describe the state of the art of the technical efficiency of recovery channels for plastics in Europe in order to define requirements for automotive plastic part design. This paper will first present the results of a survey on industrial and innovative recycling technologies mainly originating from the mining sector, and secondly a simplified methodology for car design integrating plastic recycling constraints. This methodology concerns material association and compatibility, the type of assemblies favourable to better recycling, and better reuse of recycled products in cars.
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Article dans une revue avec comité de lectureFROELICH, Daniel; MARIS, Elisabeth; RENARD, Henri (Springer, 2010)European policy on waste and market demand for material are driving the development of sorting techniques adapted to automobiles and electric products at the end of their lifetimes. In this article, we present work on ...
Addition of tracers into the polypropylene in view of automatic sorting of plastic wastes using X-ray fluorescence spectrometry Article dans une revue avec comité de lectureBEZATI, Feliks; FROELICH, Daniel; MASSARDIER, Valérie; MARIS, Elisabeth (Elsevier, 2009)This study focused on the detection of rare earth oxides, used as tracers for the identification of polymer materials, using XRF (X-ray fluorescence) spectrometry. The tests were carried out in a test system device which ...
Elaboration and Characterization of Traced Polypropylene with Rare Earth Oxides for Automatic Identification and Sorting of End-of-Life Plastics Article dans une revue avec comité de lectureBEZATI, Feliks; MASSARDIER, Valérie; FROELICH, Daniel; MARIS, Elisabeth; BALCAEN, Jean (Springer, 2010)Abstract The rare earth oxides can be used as tracers for the identification of polymer materials. This study focused on the detection of these particles and their effects on the mechanical and thermal properties of ...
Article dans une revue avec comité de lectureMARIS, Elisabeth; BOTANE, Pierre; WAVRER, Philippe; FROELICH, Daniel (Elsevier, 2015)Two studies, TRIPLE (For Analyse des gisements DEEE et optimisation des technologies de TRI des PLastiques EEE (analysis of WEEE and optimization of sorting technologies for WEEE plastics). and VALEEE For VALorisation des ...
CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF EXISTING RECYCLABILITY ASSESSMENT METHODS FOR NEW PRODUCTS IN ORDER TO DEFINE A REFERENCE METHOD Communication avec acteMARIS, Elisabeth; FROELICH, Daniel (Wiley, 2013)The designers of products subject to the European regulations on waste have an obligation to improve the recyclability of their products from the very first design stages. The statutory texts refer to ISO standard 22 628, ...