Basis for viscoelastic modelling of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) near Tg with parameter identification from multi-axial elongation experiments
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The mechanical response of Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) in elongation is strongly dependent on temperature, strain and strain rate. Near the glass transition temperature Tg, the stress vs strain curves present a strain hardening effect vs strain under conditions of large deformations. At a given strain value, the strain rate has also an increasing influence on the stress value. The main goal of this work is to propose a visco-elastic model to predict the PET behaviour when subjected to large deformations and to determine the material properties from the experimental data. The visco-elastic model is written in a Leonov like way and the variational formulation is carried out for the numerical simulation using this model. To represent the non–linear effects, an elastic part depending on the elastic equivalent strain and a non-Newtonian viscous part depending on both viscous equivalent strain rate and cumulated viscous strain are tested. The model parameters can then be accurately obtained through the comparison with the experimental uniaxial and biaxial tests.
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