New insights in polymer-biofuels interaction Avancées dans la compréhension des interactions polymères-biocarburants
TypeArticles dans des revues avec comité de lecture
This paper deals with polymer-fuel interaction focusing on specific effects of biofuels on polyethylene (PE) in automotive applications. The practical objective is to develop a predictable approach for durability of polyethylene tanks in contact of ethanol based or biofuel based fuels. In the case of ethanol, the main consequence on PE durability is a reduction of the rate of stabilizer extraction; this latter phenomenon can be modeled by first order kinetics with a rate constant that obeys the Arrhenius equation. Concerning biodiesels, the study was focused on soy and rapeseed methyl ester which were compared to methyl oleate and methyl linoleate used as model compounds. Here, PE-fuel interactions can be described as well as physical interaction, linked to the oil penetration into the polymer, as chemical interaction linked to an eventual co-oxidation of PE and oil. Both aspects were investigated. Concerning biofuel transport in PE, it appeared that the oil diffusivity depends only of temperature and oil molar mass. Some aspects of the temperature dependence of the oil solubility in PE are discussed. About chemical interaction between oil and PE, it was put in evidence that unsaturated fatty esters promote and accelerate PE oxidation. A co-oxidation kinetic model was proposed to describe this process.
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OKAMBA-DIOGO, Octavie; RICHAUD, Emmanuel; VERDU, Jacques; FERNAGUT, François; GUILMENT, Jean; FAYOLLE, Bruno (Elsevier, 2016)Embrittlement processes occurring during thermal oxidation are investigated for stabilized and unstabilized polyamide 11 samples differing by their thicknesses and initial molar masses. Tensile tests were carried out in ...
RICHAUD, Emmanuel; FAYOLLE, Bruno; VERDU, Jacques (Woodhead Publishing Series - Elsevier, 2009)As soon as it appeared on the market, one half century ago, polypropylene (PP) appeared as a promising fibre-forming polymer but with some difficulties in processing due to a lack of control of its viscoelastic properties ...
RICHAUD, Emmanuel; FAYOLLE, Bruno; VERDU, Jacques (Elsevier, 2011)This article deals with polypropylene stabilization by hindered 2,6-di-tert-butylphenols. Two aspects are mainly considered: the influence of stabilizer structure, of its concentration and temperature on induction period ...
RICHAUD, Emmanuel; AUDOUIN, Ludmila; FAYOLLE, Bruno; VERDU, Jacques; MATISOVÁ-RYCHLÁ, Lyda; RYCHLY, Jozef (ELSEVIER, 2012)This study deals with oxidation kinetics of three unsaturated fatty esters: methyl oleate, methyl linoleate and methyl linolenate at temperatures ranging from 90 to 150 °C. The reaction was monitored by chemiluminescence. ...
Molecular and macromolecular structure changes in polyamide 11 during thermal oxidation - Kinetic modeling OKAMBA-DIOGO, Octavie; RICHAUD, Emmanuel; VERDU, Jacques; FERNAGUT, François; GUILMENT, Jean; FAYOLLE, Bruno (Elsevier, 2015)The oxidation kinetics of unstabilized polyamide 11 thin ﬁlm under oxygen pressures up to 2.0 MPa was studied by means of ferrous ion method for hydroperoxides titration, size exclusion chromatography (SEC) for molar weight ...