New insights in polymer-biofuels interaction Avancées dans la compréhension des interactions polymères-biocarburants
TypeArticles dans des revues avec comité de lecture
This paper deals with polymer-fuel interaction focusing on specific effects of biofuels on polyethylene (PE) in automotive applications. The practical objective is to develop a predictable approach for durability of polyethylene tanks in contact of ethanol based or biofuel based fuels. In the case of ethanol, the main consequence on PE durability is a reduction of the rate of stabilizer extraction; this latter phenomenon can be modeled by first order kinetics with a rate constant that obeys the Arrhenius equation. Concerning biodiesels, the study was focused on soy and rapeseed methyl ester which were compared to methyl oleate and methyl linoleate used as model compounds. Here, PE-fuel interactions can be described as well as physical interaction, linked to the oil penetration into the polymer, as chemical interaction linked to an eventual co-oxidation of PE and oil. Both aspects were investigated. Concerning biofuel transport in PE, it appeared that the oil diffusivity depends only of temperature and oil molar mass. Some aspects of the temperature dependence of the oil solubility in PE are discussed. About chemical interaction between oil and PE, it was put in evidence that unsaturated fatty esters promote and accelerate PE oxidation. A co-oxidation kinetic model was proposed to describe this process.
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DJOUANI, Fatma; PATEL, Bhavesh; RICHAUD, Emmanuel; FAYOLLE, Bruno; VERDU, Jacques (Elsevier, 2012)This work deals with a study of stabilizers loss by extraction in ethanol–cyclohexane mixtures simulating ethanol based biofuels. As theoretically predicted, cyclohexane has an extractive power considerably stronger than ...
DJOUANI, Fatma; ZAHRA, Yahya; FAYOLLE, Bruno; KUNTZ, M; VERDU, Jacques (ELSEVIER, 2014)Epoxy networks based on Diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA) and cured with Jeffamines (POPA) or polyamidoamine (PAA) were gamma irradiated at 25 1C in air. Dose rates of 50, 200 or 2000 Gy h- 1 for doses up 100 kGy ...
ZAHRA, Yahya; DJOUANI, Fatma; FAYOLLE, Bruno; KUNTZ, M; VERDU, Jacques (ELSEVIER, 2014)tThe thermo-oxidative behavior of unformulated (unfilled) samples of epoxy coatings has been studiedat five temperatures ranging from 70◦C to 150◦C. Two epoxy networks based on diglycidyl ether ofbisphenol A (DGEBA), ...
RICHAUD, Emmanuel; FAYOLLE, Bruno; VERDU, Jacques (Elsevier, 2011)This article deals with polypropylene stabilization by hindered 2,6-di-tert-butylphenols. Two aspects are mainly considered: the influence of stabilizer structure, of its concentration and temperature on induction period ...
RICHAUD, Emmanuel; FAYOLLE, Bruno; VERDU, Jacques (Woodhead Publishing Series - Elsevier, 2009)As soon as it appeared on the market, one half century ago, polypropylene (PP) appeared as a promising fibre-forming polymer but with some difficulties in processing due to a lack of control of its viscoelastic properties ...