Computational and experimental investigation of flow over a transient pitching hydrofoil
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
The present study is developed within the framework of marine structure design operating in transient regimes. It deals with an experimental and numerical investigation of the time–space distribution of the wall-pressure field on a NACA66 hydrofoil undergoing a transient up-and-down pitching motion from 0 to 15 at four pitching velocities and a Reynolds number Re¼ 0.75 106. The experimental investigation is performed using an array of wall-pressure transducers located on the suction side and by means of time–frequency analysis and Empirical Modal Decomposition method. The numerical study is conducted for the same flow conditions. It is based on a 2D RANS code including mesh reconstruction and an ALE formulation in order to take into account the foil rotation and the tunnel walls. Due to the moderate Reynolds number, a laminar to turbulent transition model was also activated. For the operating flow conditions of the study, experimental and numerical flow analysis revealed that the flow experiences complex boundary layer events as leading-edge laminar separation bubble, laminar to turbulent transition, trailing-edge separation and flow detachment at stall. Although the flow is relatively complex, the calculated wall pressure shows a quite good agreement with the experiment provided that the mesh resolution and the temporal discretization are carefully selected depending on the pitching velocity. It is particularly shown that the general trend of the wall pressure (low frequency) is rather well predicted for the four pitching velocities with for instance a net inflection of the wall pressure when transition occurs. The inflection zone is reduced as the pitching velocity increases and tends to disappear for the highest pitching velocity. Conversely, high frequency wall-pressure fluctuations observed experimentally are not captured by the RANS model. Based on the good agreement with experiment, the model is then used to investigate the effects of the pitching velocity on boundary layer events and on hydrodynamic loadings. It is shown that increasing the pitching velocity tends to delay the laminar-to-turbulence transition and even to suppress it for the highest pitching velocity during the pitch-up motion. It induces also an increase of the stall angle (compared to quasi-static one) and an increase of the hysteresis effect during pitch-down motion resulting to a significant increase of the hydrodynamic loading.
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