CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF EXISTING RECYCLABILITY ASSESSMENT METHODS FOR NEW PRODUCTS IN ORDER TO DEFINE A REFERENCE METHOD
Communication avec acte
The designers of products subject to the European regulations on waste have an obligation to improve the recyclability of their products from the very first design stages. The statutory texts refer to ISO standard 22 628, which proposes a method to calculate vehicle recyclability. There are several scientific studies that propose other calculation methods as well. Yet the feedback from the CREER club, a group of manufacturers and suppliers expert in ecodesign and recycling, is that the product recyclability calculation method proposed in this standard is not satisfactory, since only a mass indicator is used, the calculation scope is not clearly defined, and common data on the recycling industry does not exist to allow comparable calculations to be made for different products. For these reasons, it is difficult for manufacturers to have access to a method and common data for calculation purposes. A critical analysis of the standard and the various calculation methods identified in scientific journals was performed. An initial discussion brought to light several possible scopes of calculation. Additional indicators, such as quality loss or economic value loss, would be complementary to the mass indicator. Case studies were performed to compare these different methods. A new method and its scope of calculation are proposed in order to develop a reference method.
Fichier(s) constituant cette publication
Cette publication figure dans le(s) laboratoire(s) suivant(s)
Visualiser des documents liés par titre, auteur, créateur et sujet.
Article dans une revue avec comité de lectureFROELICH, Daniel; MARIS, Elisabeth; HAOUES, Nizar; CHEMINEAU, Léonard; RENARD, Henri; ABRAHAM, F; LASSARTESSES, R (Elsevier, 2007)Today car manufacturers are beginning to integrate recycling constraints in the first stages of the design of a new car due to their concern regarding the effects of car design on the recovery of material after End-of-Life ...
Addition of X-ray fluorescent tracers into polymers, new technology for automatic sorting of plastics : proposal for selecting some relevant tracers Article dans une revue avec comité de lectureBEZATI, Feliks; FROELICH, Daniel; MASSARDIER, Valérie; MARIS, Elisabeth (Elsevier, 2011)A description of a new technology for automatic sorting of plastics, based on X-ray fluorescence detection of tracers, added in such materials is presented. This study describes the criteria for the selection of tracers, ...
Elaboration and Characterization of Traced Polypropylene with Rare Earth Oxides for Automatic Identification and Sorting of End-of-Life Plastics Article dans une revue avec comité de lectureBEZATI, Feliks; MASSARDIER, Valérie; FROELICH, Daniel; MARIS, Elisabeth; BALCAEN, Jean (Springer, 2010)Abstract The rare earth oxides can be used as tracers for the identification of polymer materials. This study focused on the detection of these particles and their effects on the mechanical and thermal properties of ...
Addition of tracers into the polypropylene in view of automatic sorting of plastic wastes using X-ray fluorescence spectrometry Article dans une revue avec comité de lectureBEZATI, Feliks; FROELICH, Daniel; MASSARDIER, Valérie; MARIS, Elisabeth (Elsevier, 2009)This study focused on the detection of rare earth oxides, used as tracers for the identification of polymer materials, using XRF (X-ray fluorescence) spectrometry. The tests were carried out in a test system device which ...
Article dans une revue avec comité de lectureMARIS, Elisabeth; BOTANE, Pierre; WAVRER, Philippe; FROELICH, Daniel (Elsevier, 2015)Two studies, TRIPLE (For Analyse des gisements DEEE et optimisation des technologies de TRI des PLastiques EEE (analysis of WEEE and optimization of sorting technologies for WEEE plastics). and VALEEE For VALorisation des ...