Parts internal structure definition using lattice patterns optimization for mass reduction in additive manufacturing
TypeCommunications avec actes
With the rise of additive manufacturing, complex internal structure optimization is now a relevant topic. Additive manufacturing allows designers and engineers to go further in their modeling, designing and optimization process, allowing new complex shapes to be produced, including the optimization of their internal structure. However modeling, design and optimization tools still represent a limitation to that new horizon of printable shapes. In this article, we define the framework in term of new designs, 3D modeling and optimization approach dedicated to the shape definition of patterned (or organized) lattice structures1 produced using additive manufacturing processes. The goal being to generate shapes that fit the mechanical requirements with an “as reduced as possible” mass, this issue is still today a niche market for Aerospace and Automotive, but could soon lead to a wider range of applications. Optimizing topology can be slow, so we will show a way of reducing computation time by using relative criteria for removing material. This new approach is based on the use of organized lattice structures to allow a wide range of shapes, thus opening the field for finding better optimized shapes. Once the patterned lattice structure is defined, it is send to a Finite Element solver software that returns the constraints and/or displacements map. This is then used as a basis for a statistical calculus that determines the elements that can or cannot be removed from the lattice. After a few iterations, the general structure is no longer patterned, but organized in a way that suits its mechanical environment, allowing lighter general structure and ensuring its rigidity. This approach is illustrated with examples coming from a prototype software.
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