A Pragmatic Approach to Exploiting Full Force Capacity for Serial Redundant Manipulators
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
Considering a set of robotic tasks which involve physical interaction with the environment, the theoretical knowledge of the full force capacity of the manipulator is a key factor in the design or development of an efficient and economically attractive solution. Carrying its own weight while countering forces may be too much for a robot in certain configurations. Kinematic redundancy with regard to a task allows a robot to perform it in a continuous space of articular configurations; space in which the payload of the robot may vary dramatically. It may be impossible to withstand a physical interaction in some configurations, while it may be easily sustainable in others that bring the end-effector to the same location. This becomes obviously more prevalent for a limited payload robot. This letter describes a framework for these kind of operations, in which kinematic redundancy is used to explore the full extent of a force capacity for a givenmanipulator and task (in this letter, the terms “force” and “wrench” may interchangeably refer to two-, three-, or six-dimensional forces depending on the dimension of the problem and on whether they may or may not include components of translational forces and/or moments. Their dimensional definition will be explicitly given whenever specifically needed). A pragmatic force capacity index (FCI) is proposed. The FCI offers a sound basis for redundancy resolution via optimization or complete redundancy exploration, and may provide good hints for end-effector design. A practical use case involving 7-DOFs KUKA LBR iiwa was used to demonstrate the relevance of the proposed method.
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