Macroscopic and microscopic determinations of residual stresses in thin Oxide Dispersion Strengthened steel tubes
TypeCommunications avec actes
To improve the efficiency of components operating at high temperatures, many efforts are deployed to develop new materials. Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (ODS) materials could be used for heat exchangers or cladding tubes for the new GENIV nuclear reactors. This type of materials are composed with a metallic matrix (usually iron base alloy for nuclear applications or nickel base alloy for heat exchangers) reinforced by a distribution of nano-oxides. They are obtained by powder metallurgy and mechanical alloying. The creep resistance of these materials is excellent, and they usually exhibit a high tensile strength at room temperature. Depending on the cold working and/or the heat treatments, several types of microstructure can be obtained: recrystallised, stress relieved. One of the key challenges is to transform ODS materials into thin tubes (up to 500 microns thick) within a robust fabrication route while keeping the excellent mechanical properties. To prevent cracking during the process or to obtain a final product with low residual stresses, it is important to quantify the effect of the heat treatments on the release of internal stresses. The aim of this study is to show how residual stresses can be determined on different thin tubes using two complementary approaches: (i) macroscopic stresses determination in the tube using beam theory (small cuts along the longitudinal and circumferential directions and measurements of the deflection), (ii) stress determination from X-ray diffraction analyses (surface analyses, using "sin 2 Ψ" method with different hypothesis). Depending on the material and the heat treatment, residual stresses vary dramatically and can reach 800 MPa which is not far from the yield stress; comparisons between both methods are performed and suggestions are given in order to optimize the thermo-mechanical treatment of thin ODS tubes.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
ROBACH, Odile; KIRCHLECHNER, Christoph; MICHA, Jean Sébastien; ULRICH, M. Olivier; BIQUARD, Xavier; GEAYMOND, M. Olivier; CASTELNAU, Olivier; BORNERT, Michel; PETIT, Johann; BERVEILLER, Sophie; SICARDY, Olivier; VILLANOVA, Julie; RIEUTORD, François (mperial College Press, 2014)This book highlights emerging diffraction studies of strain and dislocation gradients with mesoscale resolution, which is currently a focus of research at laboratories around the world. While ensemble-average diffraction ...
LAPORTE, Sébastien; WANG, Danping; LECOMPTE, Jennyfer; BLANCHO, Sophie; SANDOZ, Baptiste; FEYDY, Antoine; LINDBERG, Pavel; ADRIAN, Julien; CHIAROVANO, Elodie; DE WAELE, Catherine; VIDAL, Pierre-Paul (Frontiers, 2016)The main concern with whiplash is that a large proportion of whiplash patients experience disabling symptoms or whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) for months if not years following the accident. Therefore, identifying ...
Effects of crystal preferred orientation on upper-mantle flow near plate boundaries: rheologic feedbacks and seismic anisotropy BLACKMAN, D.K; BOYCE, D.E; CASTELNAU, Olivier; DAWSON, P.R; LASKE, G (Advance Access publication, 2017)Insight into upper-mantle processes can be gained by linking flow-induced mineral alignment to regional deformation and seismic anisotropy patterns. Through a series of linked micro–macro scale numerical experiments, we ...
GALLITELLI, Donato; BOYER, Vincent; GELINEAU, Maxime; COLAITIS, Yann; ROUHAUD, Emmanuelle; RETRAINT, Delphine; KUBLER, Régis; DESVIGNES, Marc; BARRALLIER, Laurent (Elsevier, 2016)Manufacturing industries perform mechanical surface treatments like shot peening at the end of the manufacturing chain to protect important working parts. This treatment modifies the near surface of the treated part with ...
RUDERMANN, Yann; IOST, Alain; BIGERELLE, Maxence (ELSEVIER, 2011)The scratching technique has gained interest in recent times because of the numerous inherent properties implied (adherence, hardness, elasticity, visco-elasticity, cohesion, etc.) during tests. Some singular mechanical ...