Kinetic modeling of polypropylene thermal oxidation during its processing by rotational molding
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
The main drawback of rotational molding is a long stay (several dozens of minutes) of polymer in melt state at high temperature in atmospheric air. To prevent any significant polymer thermal degradation, it is necessary to define, preliminary, a processing window in a temperature-molar mass map. The objective of this article is to elaborate and check the validity of a general thermal degradation model devoted to determine, in a near future, some important boundaries of this processing window.This model is composed of two distinct levels: (i) The first level is derived from the thermal transfer mechanisms occurring during a processing operation, polymer phase changes (i.e., melting and crystallization) being simulated by the enthalpy method; and (ii) The second level is derived from the oxidation mechanistic scheme of free additive polymer in melt state established in a previous study, but completed, here, by adding the main stabilization reactions of a common synergistic blend of antioxidants, widely used for rotational molding polymer grades. By juxtaposing such "thermal" and "chemical" levels, it is possible to predict the polymer thermal degradation during a whole processing operation. The validity of both levels is successfully checked in real rotational molding conditions for polypropylene
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