Strain gradient crystal plasticity model based on generalized non-quadratic defect energy and uncoupled dissipation
TypeArticles dans des revues avec comité de lecture
The present paper proposes a flexible Gurtin-type strain gradient crystal plasticity (SGCP) model based on generalized non-quadratic defect energy and uncoupled constitutive assumption for dissipative processes. A power-law defect energy, with adjustable order-controlling index n, is proposed to provide a comprehensive investigation into the energetic length scale effects under proportional and non-proportional loading conditions. Results of this investigation reveal quite different effects of the energetic length scale, depending on the value of n and the type of loading. For n ≥ 2, regardless of the loading type, the energetic length scale has only influence on the rate of the classical kinematic hardening, as reported in several SGCP works. However, in the range of n < 2, this parameter leads to unusual nonlinear kinematic hardening effects with inflection points in the macroscopic mechanical response, resulting in an apparent increase of the yield strength under monotonic loading. More complex effects, with additional inflection points, are obtained under non-proportional loading conditions, revealing new loading history memory-like effects of the energetic length scale. Concerning dissipation, to make the dissipative effects more easily controllable, dissipative processes due to plastic strains and their gradients are assumed to be uncoupled. Separate formulations, expressed using different effective plastic strain measures, are proposed to describe such processes. Results obtained using these formulations show the great flexibility of the proposed model in controlling some major dissipative effects, such as elastic gaps. A simple way to remove these gaps under certain non-proportional loading conditions is provided. Application of the proposed uncoupled formulations to simulate the mechanical response of a sheared strip has led to accurate prediction of the plastic strain distributions, which compare very favorably with those predicted using discrete dislocation mechanics.
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