The efficacy of multimodal treatment for symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas: A report of 27 cases and a review of the literature
TypeArticles dans des revues avec comité de lecture
INTRODUCTION: Vertebral hemangiomas (VH) represent the most common primary bone tumor of the spine and are rarely symptomatic. Currently, there is no consensus for treatment and many therapeutic options are available, alone or in combination including cementoplasty, sclerotherapy, surgery, embolization and/or radiotherapy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and radiological outcome of a multimodal management for symptomatic VH. METHODS: A consecutive prospective and retrospective multicenter study was conducted to review cases of symptomatic VHs between 2005 and 2015. Clinical and radiological aspects, treatment modalities and complications were evaluated preoperatively; postoperatively and at last follow-up. We also reviewed the literature of studies concerning case series of VH, published after 1990 and involving more than 10 patients. RESULTS: Twenty-seven VHs were included in our series (mean age at diagnosis: 47.9 years), out of which 26 were symptomatic. Ten presented with neurologic deficit (37%). An epidural extension was noted in 13 patients (48%). Eleven patients (41%) underwent multimodal treatments. In the multimodal group, eradication was observed in 6 patients (54%), stable residue in 5 cases (46%) with no recurrence versus 3 eradication (23%), 9 stable residue (69%) and no recurrence in the monomodal group, (P>0.05). The literature comprised 14 studies including 458 patients. Only 4 studies were focused on multimodal treatments. CONCLUSION: Based on this study, the multimodal management of symptomatic VHs appeared safe and effective. Finally, we propose an algorithm for symptomatic VHS management based on the severity of epidural extension and fracture risk.
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