Spine slenderness and wedging in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and in asymptomatic population: an observational retrospective study
TypeArticles dans des revues avec comité de lecture
Purpose The origin of the deformity due to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is not known, but mechanical instability of the spine could be involved in its progression. Spine slenderness (the ratio of vertebral height to transversal size) could facilitate this instability, thus playing a role in scoliosis progression. The purpose of this work was to investigate slenderness and wedging of vertebrae and intervertebral discs in AIS patients, relative to their curve topology and to the morphology of control subjects. Methods A total of 321 AIS patients (272 girls, 14 ± 2 years old, median Risser sign 3, Cobb angle 35° ± 18°) and 83 controls were retrospectively included (56 girls, median Risser 2, 14 ± 3 years). Standing biplanar radiography and 3D reconstruction of the spine were performed. Geometrical features were computed: spinal length, vertebral and disc sizes, slenderness ratio, frontal and sagittal wedging angles. Measurement reproducibility was evaluated. Results AIS girls before 11 years of age had slightly longer spines than controls (p = 0.04, Mann–Whitney test). AIS verte- brae were significantly more slender than controls at almost all levels, almost independently of topology. Frontal wedging of apical vertebrae was higher in AIS, as expected, but also lower junctional discs showed higher wedging than controls. Conclusion AIS patients showed more slender spines than the asymptomatic population. Analysis of wedging suggests that lower junctional discs and apex vertebra could be locations of mechanical instability. Numerical simulation and longitudinal clinical follow-up of patients could clarify the impact of wedging, slenderness and growth on the biomechanics of scoliosis progression.
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