New Developments in the Field of Radiochemical Ageing of Aromatic Polymers
TypeChapitres d'ouvrages scientifiques
Polymers having an aromatic backbone polymers have a high mechanical strength and a high modulus. Their aromaticity increases their resistance for use in relatively severe conditions especially in aerospace and nuclear industry for which lifetime prediction is a key issue. For example, a challenge for nuclear plants is to extend lifetime from the initially planned 40 years duration to 50 or 60 years, which makes necessary to determine lifetime by a non-empirical method. Since polymers mechanical failure originates from chain scission or crosslinking of the backbone, the ideal method of lifetime prediction would first involve the elaboration of a kinetic model for chain scission and crosslinking. Then, the changes of molecular mass would be related to the changes of mechanical properties using the available laws of polymers physics. Lifetime would be then determined using a pertinent lifetime criterion. A noticeable difficulty comes here from the fact that oxidation, which plays a key major role in chain scission, is diffusion controlled and thus heterogeneously distributed in sample thickness. It is crucial, indeed, to determine experimentally and to predict this depth distribution of chain scission and crosslinking because it will play a key role on fracture properties. This chapter will be henceforward devoted to the effect of aromaticity on radiostability, the effect on temperature on the chain scission/crosslinking competition, the diffusion limited oxidation (which will be illustrated by the effect of dose rate, atmosphere and sample thickness), then some concluding remarks on oxidative stability of aromatic polymers and the possible link with the absence of macromolecular mobility below Tg. We will start by some basics of radiochemistry which are necessary for the good understanding of this paper, and especially the quantitative treatment for crosslinking and chain scission.
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AUDOUIN, Ludmila; COLIN, Xavier; FAYOLLE, Bruno; RICHAUD, Emmanuel; VERDU, Jacques (EDP Sciences, 2010)It has been supposed, for a long time, that kinetic modelling of polymer ageing for nonempirical lifetime prediction was out of reach for two main reasons: hypercomplexity of mechanisms and heterogeneity of reactions. The ...
RICHAUD, Emmanuel; AUDOUIN, Ludmila; FAYOLLE, Bruno; VERDU, Jacques; MATISOVÁ-RYCHLÁ, Lyda; RYCHLY, Jozef (ELSEVIER, 2012)This study deals with oxidation kinetics of three unsaturated fatty esters: methyl oleate, methyl linoleate and methyl linolenate at temperatures ranging from 90 to 150 °C. The reaction was monitored by chemiluminescence. ...
AUDOUIN, Ludmila; COLIN, Xavier; FAYOLLE, BRUNO; RICHAUD, Emmanuel (EDP Sciences, 2012)Ce livre présente un certain nombre d’outils théoriques originaux, indispensables pour la prédiction de la durée de vie des matériaux polymères en ambiance nucléaire. Le problème de vieillissement des polymères est avant ...
RICHAUD, Emmanuel; FERREIRA, Paulo; AUDOUIN, Ludmila; COLIN, Xavier; VERDU, Jacques; MONCHY-LEROY, Carole (Elsevier Ltd., 2010)Thin (60 μm) and thick (250 μm) samples of poly(ether ether ketone) were subjected to radiochemical ageing at 24 kGy h -1 dose rate for doses up to 30.7 MGy at 60 °C in air. FTIR spectrophotometry (hydroxyl and carbonyl ...
RICHAUD, Emmanuel; COLIN, Xavier; MONCHY-LEROY, Carole; AUDOUIN, Ludmila; VERDU, Jacques (Society of Chemical Industry, 2011)The radiochemical degradation of bisphenol A polysulfone was investigated under a γ-ray dose rate of 24 kGy h-1 up to 30.7 MGy total absorbed dose at 60 °C using gel permeation chromatography, sol-gel analysis, glass ...