Formability prediction of substrate-supported metal layers using a non-associated plastic flow rule
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
When manufacturing flexible devices, it is quite common that localized necking appears due to the low ductility of the metal sheets used. To delay the inception of such localized necking, several industrial companies have proposed a promising technical solution based on the bonding of elastomer substrates to the metal sheets used in the manufacturing processes. In this context, the comprehensive numerical understanding of the impact of such substrate coating on the improvement of the ductility of elastomer-supported metal layers still remains a challenging goal. To achieve this goal, the bifurcation approach as well as the Marciniak and Kuczynski model are used to predict the occurrence of localized necking. The mechanical behavior of the metal layer is modeled by a non-associated anisotropic plasticity model. The adoption of non-associated plastic flow rule allows separating the description of the plastic potential from that of the yield function, which is essential to accurately model strong plastic anisotropy characterizing cold-rolled sheets. As to the elastomer substrate, its mechanical behavior is described by a neo-Hookean law. The paper presents a variety of numerical results relating to the prediction of plastic strain localization in both freestanding and elastomercoated metal layers. The effects of the non-associativity of the plastic flow rule for the metal layer and the addition of an elastomer substrate on the predictions of localized necking are especially underlined. It is shown that the ductility limits predicted by the non-associated elasto-plastic model are lower than their counterparts determined by an associated plasticity model. It is also proven that adhering an elastomer layer to the metal layer can substantially delay the initiation of plastic strain localization.
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