MTEX2Gmsh: a tool for generating 2D meshes from EBSD data
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
In material sciences applied to crystalline materials, such as metals or ceramics, the grain morphology (size and shape) and the crystallographic texture are of great importance for understanding the macroscopic behaviour of the materials. Micromechanics of polycrystalline aggregates consists in evaluating the thermo-mechanical behaviour of the aggregates at their grain scale. If the investigated material is subjected to macroscopic deformation, the local strain can be obtained either experimentally, thanks to full-field measurement methods such as microgrid technique or Digital Image Correlation (DIC), or thanks to numerical simulation of the microstructure. The latter needs to take into account the mechanical heterogeneities (due to the different constituents) and the anisotropy of each phase, depending on its crystalline orientation. Orientation Imaging Microscopy (OIM), usually made from Electron Backscatter Diffraction (EBSD), is now widely used as a characterization technique. Indeed, it is in great interest for investigating the grain morphology and local crystal orientations in crystalline materials. Raw EBSD data can be considered as matrices of measurements of crystallographic data: each dot contains information about the phase and its orientation at the corresponding position. In order to perform Finite Element Analysis (FEA) on a polycrystal, one needs to first generate a mesh based on either EBSD or reconstructed grains. In this mesh, the Grain boundaries (GBs) must be accurately described since they play an important role in the overall behaviour of aggregates. To the best authors' knowledge, it appears that no existing tool for generating meshes from EBSD data is able to provide a robust grain description (e.g. suitable for any kind of phase and geometry) together with customizable features (e.g. variable element sizes). The proposed software, named MTEX2Gmsh works regardless the number of phases and the symmetries of those phases. In addition, it provides a smooth and accurate definition of the GBs. It is based on the MTEX toolbox for Matlab and the Gmsh software. MTEX2Gmsh allows to mesh the volume with a couple of options, such as: - increasing element size with increasing distance from the grains boundaries; - element type (tetrahedron, wedge or brick elements); - nesting the Region of Interest (ROI) into a larger medium.
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