How much energy do we need to ablate 1 mm3 of stone during Ho:YAG laser lithotripsy? An in vitro study
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Introduction: Holmium:yttrium–aluminium–garnet (Ho:YAG) is currently the gold standard for lithotripsy for the treatment of all known urinary stone types. Stone composition and volume are major determinants of the lithotripsy. This in vitro study evaluated the required energy to ablate 1 mm3 of various stone types with different laser settings using Ho:YAG. Methods: 272 µm core-diameter laser fibers (Boston Scientific©) were connected to a 30 Watt MH1 Ho:YAG generator (Rocamed®). An experimental setup consisting of immerged human stones of calcium oxalate monohydrate (COM), uric acid (UA) or cystine (Cys) was used with a single pulse lasing emission (0.6/0.8/1 J), in contact mode. Stones were dried out before three-dimensional scanning to measure ablation volume per pulse (AVP) and required energy to treat 1 mm3 (RE). Results: All settings considered, ablation volumes per pulse (AVP) for COM were significantly lower than those for UA and Cys (p = 0.002 and p = 0.03, respectively), whereas AVP for Cys was significantly lower than those for UA (p = 0.03). The mean REs at 0.6 J pulse energy (PE) for COM, Cys and UA were 34, 8.5 and 3.2 J, respectively The mean REs at 1 J PE for COM, Cys and UA were 14.7, 6.4 and 2 J, respectively. At 0.6 J PE, RE for COM was more than tenfold and fivefold higher than those for UA and Cys, respectively. Conclusion: This in vitro study shows for the first time a volumetric evaluation of Ho:YAG efficiency by the ablation volume per pulse on human stone samples, according to various pulse energies. The REs for COM, UA and Cys should be considered in clinical practice.
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UZAN, Audrey; CHIRON, Paul; PANTHIER, Frederic; HADDAD, Mattieu; BERTHE, Laurent; TRAXER, Olivier; DOIZI, Steeve (2021)Objectives: To compare the risk of laser fiber fracture between Ho:YAG laser and Thulium Fiber Laser (TFL) with different laser fiber diameters, laser settings, and fiber bending radii. METHODS: Lengths of 200, 272, and ...
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HADDAD, Mattieu; EMILIANI, Esteban; ROUCHAUSSE, Yann; COSTE, Frédéric; BERTHE, Laurent; DOIZI, Steeve; BUTTICÈ, Salvatore; SOMANI, Bhaskar Kumar; TRAXER, Olivier P. (Springer Verlag, 2017)Purpose: Holmium:YAG laser is the most used laser for urolithiasis. Generally, we use metallic scissors to cut the fiber tip to restore its effectiveness. Many cleaving methods have been described to avoid fiber damage and ...
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