Double-diffusive natural convection of Casson fluids in an enclosure
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
This study investigates the double-diffusive natural convection of the non-Newtonian Casson fluid in a square cavity based on the original viscoplastic stress model without simplification. Therefore, yield stress plays an essential role in understanding fluid behavior. The finite element approach provided a numerical solution to continuity, momentum, energy, and species governing equations. The governing parameters for this problem are Rayleigh number, Ra, yield number, Y, buoyancy ratio number, Nr, and Lewis number, Le. The influence of these parameters on heat and mass transfer, the morphology of yielded/unyielded regions, and fluid flow are thoroughly examined. The results show that unyielded regions increase at high Rayleigh numbers, despite the increase in buoyancy force and consequently increased heat and mass transfer. On the other hand, as the buoyancy ratio drops, the flow’s strength and heat and mass transmission diminish, leading to an increase in plug regions. Accordingly, the mechanisms influencing the growth of unyielded regions are complex and follow different patterns. However, the plug regions always grow with increasing Y. The results indicate that increasing the Lewis number (mass transfer) reduces the effect of the buoyancy ratio on flow, heat transfer, and the unyielded regions in every case. Quantitative analysis of the results indicates that, while buoyancy ratio affects heat and mass transfer almost equally, the Lewis number increases mass transfer up to three times the heat transfer. Meanwhile, changing the buoyancy ratio can increase the maximum yield stress to 400%, while changing the Lewis number has a maximum effect of 20%.
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