Study of Mechanical Properties of AZ91 Magnesium Alloy Welded by Laser Process Taking into Account the Anisotropy Microhardness and Residual Stresses by X-Ray Diffraction
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
The objective was to study the mechanical properties of a magnesium alloy welded by a CO2 laser. Residual stresses were measured by X-ray diffraction. They were calculated by the classic sin2Y method in the isotropic zones by using the orientation distribution function (ODF) in the textured zones. The results demonstrated that laser welding results in the formation of a number of different zones with different microstructural and mechanical properties. Welding principally leads to a reduction in grain size and a new distribution of phases. The most remarkable observation was that of a superficial layer on the surface of the welded zone. This layer has the peculiarity of a marked crystallographic texture, a reduction in the level of aluminium as well as an elevated microhardness. These characteristics disappear after a depth of 200μm under the welded zone. These modifications can be explained by the nature of the solidification which occurs under nonequilibrium conditions resulting in an equiaxial columnar transition. This transition is also evident within the profile of residual tensile stresses which are at their maximum at the interface between the superficial layer and the rest of the welded zone. These results are explained by the anisotropic properties of the textured layer in relation to the plasticity.
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