Mid-infrared absorption properties of green wood
TypeArticles dans des revues avec comité de lecture
There is a lack of quantitative data on the penetration depth and the amount of energy absorbed by green wood under infrared (IR) radiation. This lack of knowledge is a potential barrier to the development of IR heating as an alternative to soaking as a means of warming logs prior to peeling in the manufacture of plywood. Experimental measurements of normal hemispherical spectral reflectance and transmittance over the range 550–5,500 cm-1 wavenumbers on four wood species, beech, birch, Douglas-fir and spruce have brought new knowledge on mid-infrared absorption properties of green wood and removed some uncertainties. For instance, it is not possible to deliver energy deeper than up to 0.3 mm below the wood surface because 70–90 % of all incident IR radiation on the wood surface is absorbed in this layer. Some wood features, such as surface quality, the presence of knots and of free water in wood (the latter two having a more significant effect) influence the amount of energy absorbed. These results illustrate that IR radiation can heat the surface layers, but then heat penetrates deeper into the inside layers of wood by conduction.
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The effect of log heating temperature on the peeling process and veneer quality: beech, birch, and spruce case studies DUPLEIX, Anna; DENAUD, Louis; BLÉRON, Laurent; MARCHAL, Rémy; HUGHES, Mark (Springer, 2013)Heating green-wood prior to peeling is necessary to improve both peeling process and quality of veneer. This study investigates optimum heating temperatures by soaking of beech, birch and spruce. Experiments have studied ...
DUPLEIX, Anna; KUSIAK, Andrzej; HUGHES, Mark; ROSSI, Frédéric (De Gruyter, 2013)The thermal properties of wood in the green state have been determined by the transient plane source (TPS) technique. Data are presented on thermal conductivity ( λ ), heat capacity ( C ), and thermal diffusivity ( κ ) at ...
Experimental validation of green wood peeling assisted by IR heating – some analytical system design considerations BATSALE, Jean-Christophe; KUSIAK, Andrzej; HUGHES, Mark; DENAUD, Louis; DUPLEIX, Anna (de gruyter, 2014)Experimental results have been used to validate a 2D simulation model in order to check its reliability in predicting the heating of a green log rotating under an IR heating source. For the purpose of validation, it was ...
DUPLEIX, Anna; OULD AHMEDOU, Sid' Ahmed; BLÉRON, Laurent; ROSSI, Frédéric; HUGHES, Mark (De Gruyter, 2013)Heating green wood logs by infrared (IR) radiation during peeling for veneer production has been numerically simulated, focusing on the heating kinetics of a green wood cylinder rotating with a decreasing radius. The results ...
BENLATRECHE, Yacine; NOUVEAU, Corinne; RAHIL, Issam; MARCHAL, Rémy; CHEKOUR, Lounis (WILEY, 2009)Recently, several studies have shown that the addition of a secondary element likes Al, Si, etc. to nitride and carbide binary systems such as Ti–N and Cr–N improved their structural and mechanical properties and also their ...