Hydrostatic compression on polypropylene foam
Article dans une revue sans comité de lecture
Models currently used to simulate the impact behaviour of polymeric foam at high strain rates use data from mechanical tests. Uniaxial compression is the most common mechanical test used, but the results from this test alone are insufficient to characterise the foam response to three-dimensional stress states. A new experimental apparatus for the study of the foam behaviour under a state of hydrostatic stress is presented. A flywheel was modified to carry out compression tests at high strain rates, and a hydrostatic chamber designed to obtain the variation of stress with volumetric strain, as a function of density and deformation rate. High speed images of the sample deformation under pressure were analysed by image processing. Hydrostatic compression tests were carried out, on polypropylene foams, both quasi statically and at high strain rates. The stress–volumetric strain response of the foam was determined for samples of foam of density from 35 to 120 kg/m3, loaded at two strain rates. The foam response under hydrostatic compression shows a non-linear elastic stage, followed by a plastic plateau and densification. These were characterised by a compressibility modulus (the slope of the initial stage), a yield stress and a tangent modulus. The foam was transversely isotropic under hydrostatic compression.
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