The Role of Oxidation Compounds in Biofilm Growth on Polyethylene Geomembrane Barriers Used in Landfill
TypeArticles dans des revues avec comité de lecture
In a model study, polyethylene was preoxidized and incubated for a period of 7 months at 40°C in two different municipal solid waste leachates. During the postexperimental analyses, specific attention was paid to the carbonyl species and carboxylic acid depletion during the environmental exposure because it is well known that carboxylic acids are believed to be a potential substrate for the development of microorganisms. The results showed that the carbonyl as well as the carboxylic acid depletion observed follows first-order kinetics. The biofilm formation was characterized using a suite of analytical techniques, and its formation was compared with the carboxylic acid and carbonyl depletion profile
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New insights in polymer-biofuels interaction Avancées dans la compréhension des interactions polymères-biocarburants RICHAUD, Emmanuel; DJOUANI, Fatma; FAYOLLE, Bruno; VERDU, Jacques; FLACONNECHE, Bruno (Institut Français du Pétrole, 2015)This paper deals with polymer-fuel interaction focusing on specific effects of biofuels on polyethylene (PE) in automotive applications. The practical objective is to develop a predictable approach for durability of ...
RICHAUD, Emmanuel; FAYOLLE, Bruno; VERDU, Jacques (Elsevier, 2011)This article deals with polypropylene stabilization by hindered 2,6-di-tert-butylphenols. Two aspects are mainly considered: the influence of stabilizer structure, of its concentration and temperature on induction period ...
RICHAUD, Emmanuel; FAYOLLE, Bruno; VERDU, Jacques (Woodhead Publishing Series - Elsevier, 2009)As soon as it appeared on the market, one half century ago, polypropylene (PP) appeared as a promising fibre-forming polymer but with some difficulties in processing due to a lack of control of its viscoelastic properties ...
OKAMBA-DIOGO, Octavie; RICHAUD, Emmanuel; VERDU, Jacques; FERNAGUT, François; GUILMENT, Jean; FAYOLLE, Bruno (Elsevier, 2014)The present article reports a study of thermal oxidation of unstabilized polyamide 11 films at several temperatures (90–165 °C) under atmospheric pressure and under various oxygen pressures (up to 1.6 MPa) at 110 °C. The ...
RICHAUD, Emmanuel; OKAMBA-DIOGO, Octavie; FAYOLLE, Bruno; VERDU, Jacques; GUILMENT, Jean; FERNAGUT, François (Elsevier, 2013)The literature on oxidation kinetics of polyamides and model compounds has been reviewed in order to try to extract suitable information for non-empirical kinetic modeling. Polyamide characteristics are systematically ...