LCA of recycling chains: influence of transport modelling
TypeCommunications avec actes
Transport is an inherent activity of recycling chains. In LCA studies of e-waste recycling, the transport during the end-of-life management is either not considered or the distances are estimated and are not in accordance with reality. When transport is comprised in LCA boundaries, depending to the type of product then material, there is no consensus of its influence on the results. Some authors stressed that logistic chain accounts for a significant amount of impacts, but there are studies that concluded that the impacts are negligible in comparison to treatment activities. In this context, the goal of the study was to identify the contribution of transport (varying both distance and loading rate) in LCA results of e-waste recycling. A tablet treated in France was used as a case study. Life cycle inventory is based on the inventories available in Ecoinvent database and adapted with literature and primary data. In order to assess, spatialize and quantify the distances between the different stakeholders of the recycling chain, transport inventory was performed with a geographic information system (GIS) and LCA coupling approach. Impact assessment results were calculated at midpoint level with several impact categories. Depending on the impact category, transport contributes between 10 to 30% of the total impacts related to end-of-life treatment. This result stresses the need for assessing more realist scenarios for e-waste treatment.
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Scope Definition on End-of-Life Chain Performance Assessment: Recycling Rate and French E-Waste Chain Case Study ARDUIN, Rachel Horta; LEAL, Jorge Martinez; GRIMAUD, Guilhem; CHARBUILLET, Carole; POMPIDOU, Stéphane; LARATTE, Bertrand; PERRY, Nicolas (2017)Efficiency indicators have been frequently used to assess end-of-life chain performance. While legislations give a standard definition, sometimes stakeholders redefine them to fit their own scopes and objectives. It is ...
ARDUIN, Rachel Horta; CHARBUILLET, Carole; BERTHOUD, Françoise; PERRY, Nicolas (CISA Publisher, Italy, 2017)This work presents a case study for a tablet treated in France. The objective was to assess the impacts of the end-of-life stage and its influence in the final results when considering different waste management scenarios. ...
ARDUIN, Rachel Horta; CHARBUILLET, Carole; BERTHOUD, Françoise; PERRY, Nicolas (IEEE, 2016)In France is estimated a generation of about 17 and 23 kg per year of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) per inhabitant, however, in 2014, the return rate for household WEEE hardly reaches 38% of the total ...
MARTINEZ LEAL, Jorge; CHARBUILLET, Carole; POMPIDOU, Stéphane; PERRY, Nicolas (2016)In the context of a circular economy, recycling presents as an interesting solution to reduce the impact of raw materials extraction and to reduce the quantity of waste that is incinerated or landfilled. However nowadays, ...
LEAL, Jorge Martinez; POMPIDOU, Stéphane; CHARBUILLET, Carole; PERRY, Nicolas (Elsevier BV, 2018)Today, companies need to assess the recoverability of their products from the design phase, not only for legislative reasons but also to appraise how they will be able to recover all or part of their value when they reach ...