A reduced micro-dose protocol for 3D reconstruction of the spine in children with scoliosis: results of a phantom-based and clinically validated study using stereo-radiography
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
Purpose The aim of this study was to validate the reproducibility of 3D reconstructions of the spine using a new reduced micro-dose protocol. Methods First, semi-quantitative image analysis was performed using an anthropomorphic child phantom undergoing low-dose biplanar radiography. This analysis was used to establish a “lowest dose” allowing for acceptable visibility of spinal landmarks. Subsequently a group of 18 scoliotic children, 12 years of age or younger, underwent full-spine biplanar radiography with both micro-dose and the newly-defined reduced micro-dose. An intra- and inter-observer reliability study of 3D reconstructions of the spine was performed according to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)-5725 standard, with three operators. Results The reduced micro-dose setting corresponded to a theoretical reduction of radiation dose exposure of approximately 58%. In vivo results showed acceptable intra- and inter-observer reliability (for instance 3.8° uncertainty on Cobb angle), comparable to previous studies on 3D spine reconstruction reliability and reproducibility based on stereo-radiography. Conclusion A new reduced micro-dose protocol offered reliable 3D reconstructions of the spine in patients with mild scoliosis. However, the quality of 3D reconstructions from both reduced micro-dose and micro-dose was inferior to standard-dose protocol on most parameters. Standard–dose protocol remains the option of choice for most accurate assessment and 3D reconstruction of the spine. Still, this new protocol offers a preliminary screening option and a follow-up tool for children with mild scoliosis yielding extremely low radiation and could replace micro-dose protocol for these patients.
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