Estimating pulmonary function after surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis using biplanar radiographs of the chest with 3D reconstruction
Article dans une revue avec comité de lecture
Aims This study addressed two questions: first, does surgical correction of an idiopathic scoliosis increase the volume of the rib cage, and second, is it possible to evaluate the change in lung function after corrective surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) using biplanar radiographs of the ribcage with 3D reconstruction? Methods A total of 45 patients with a thoracic AIS which needed surgical correction and fusion were included in a prospective study. All patients underwent pulmonary function testing (PFT) and low-dose biplanar radiographs both preoperatively and one year after surgery. The following measurements were recorded: forced vital capacity (FVC), slow vital capacity (SVC), and total lung capacity (TLC). Rib cage volume (RCV), maximum rib hump, main thoracic curve Cobb angle (MCCA), medial-lateral and anteroposterior diameter, and T4-T12 kyphosis were calculated from 3D reconstructions of the biplanar radiographs. Results All spinal and thoracic measurements improved significantly after surgery (p < 0.001). RCV increased from 4.9 l (SD 1) preoperatively to 5.3 l (SD 0.9) (p < 0.001) while TLC increased from 4.1 l (SD 0.9) preoperatively to 4.3 l (SD 0.8) (p < 0.001). RCV was correlated with all functional indexes before and after correction of the deformity. Improvement in RCV was weakly correlated with correction of the mean thoracic Cobb angle (p = 0.006). The difference in TLC was significantly correlated with changes in RCV (p = 0.041). It was possible to predict postoperative TLC from the postoperative RCV. Conclusion 3D rib cage assessment from biplanar radiographs could be a minimally invasive method of estimating pulmonary function before and after spinal fusion in patients with an AIS. The 3D RCV reflects virtual chest capacity and hence pulmonary function in this group of patients.
Files in this item
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Rib Cage Measurement Reproducibility Using Biplanar Stereoradiographic 3D Reconstructions in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Article dans une revue avec comité de lecturePIETTON, Raphael; BOULOUSSA, Houssam; VERGARI, Claudio; SKALLI, Wafa; VIALLE, Raphaël (Lippincott, Williams & WilkinsWolters kluwer, 2020)Study design: A reproducibility study of preoperative rib cage 3D measurements was conducted for patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS). Objective: to assess the reliability of rib cage 3D reconstructions using ...
Article dans une revue avec comité de lectureVERGARI, Claudio; COURTOIS, Isabelle; EBERMEYER, Eric; PIETTON, Raphaël; BOULOUSSA, Houssam; VIALLE, Raphaël; SKALLI, Wafa (Springer Verlag, 2019)Purpose: To determine the short-term effect of bracing of adolescent idiopathic scoliotic (AIS) patients on the relationships between spinopelvic parameters related to balance, by comparing their in and out-of-brace geometry ...
Microstructural characterization of annulus fibrosus by ultrasonography: a feasibility study with an in vivo and in vitro approach Article dans une revue avec comité de lectureLANGLAIS, Tristan; DESPRAIRIES, Pierre; PIETTON, Raphaël; ROHAN, Pierre-Yves; DUBOUSSET, Jean; MEAKIN, Judith R.; WINLOVE, Peter C.; VIALLE, Raphaël; SKALLI, Wafa; VERGARI, Claudio (Springer Verlag, 2019)The main function of the intervertebral disc is biomechanical function, since it must resist repetitive high loadings, while giving the spine its flexibility and protecting the spinal cord from over-straining. It partially ...
Balance, barycentremetry and external shape analysis in idiopathic scoliosis: What can the physician expect from it? Article dans une revue avec comité de lectureLANGLAIS, Tristan; VERGARI, Claudio; ROUGEREAU, Grégoire; GAJNY, Laurent; ASSI, Ayman; GHANEM, Ismat; DUBOUSSET, Jean; VIALLE, Raphaël; PIETTON, Raphaël; SKALLI, Wafa (Elsevier BV, 2021)Objective: Our objective was to establish a corridor of normality for the external shape 3D parameters and then to assess these variables in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Methods: Adolescent with mild and severe ...
Biomechanical Evaluation of Intercostal Muscles in Healthy Children and Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Preliminary Study Article dans une revue avec comité de lecturePIETTON, Raphaël; DAVID, Mercedes; HISAUND, Alisa; LANGLAIS, Tristan; SKALLI, Wafa; VIALLE, Raphaël; VERGARI, Claudio (Elsevier, 2021)Spine deformity during adolescent idiopathic scoliosis can induce a rib-cage deformity. This bone deformity can have direct consequences on the chest-wall muscles, including intercostal muscles, leading to respiratory ...